Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms

The Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition (Firearms Protocol) is a treaty on anti-arms trafficking including Small Arms and Light Weapons that is supplemental to the Convention against Transnational Organized Crime. It is one of the so-called Palermo protocols.

Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing of and Trafficking in Firearms, Their Parts and Components and Ammunition, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
Protocol Against the Illicit Manufacturing in Firearms parties.svg
  Signed and ratified or acceded
  Only signed
  Non-party
TypeOrganized crime; international criminal law
Drafted31 May 2001
Signed11 July 2001[1]
LocationNew York, United States
Effective3 July 2005
Condition40 ratifications
Signatories52
Parties122
DepositarySecretary-General of the United Nations
LanguagesArabic, Chinese, English, French, Russian, and Spanish

The Protocol was adopted by the United Nations General Assembly as Resolution 55/255 on 31 May 2001; the treaty entered into force on 3 July 2005. It was signed by 52 parties and as of October 2022 it has 122 parties, including the European Union.[2]

The states that have signed the protocol but have not yet ratified it are Australia, Canada, China, Iceland, Japan, Monaco, Seychelles, and United Kingdom.[2] In February 2022, France (since February 2019) and Germany (since October 2021) are the sole among the top six arms exporting countries to have ratified the protocol. The other four – United States, Russia, China, and United Kingdom – have not.

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Brazil and Mali were the first states to sign the Protocol.
  2. ^ a b Signatures and ratifications.

External linksEdit