Project MKOFTEN was a covert Department of Defense program developed in conjunction with the CIA. The CIA initiated Project MKOFTEN in 1966 following other programs parallel to MKOFTEN. Before there was MKOFTEN, the CIA created a project called MKULTRA, created on April 3, 1953. MKULTRA was then changed to Project MKSEARCH, which was intiated in 1964. A partner program to MKSEARCH, the goal of MKOFTEN was to "test the behavioral and toxicological effects of certain drugs on animals and humans".
There have been allegations, with little to no evidence provided to support them, that Project MKOFTEN went further than just research about mind control, but it branched out into the world of the occult. According to author Gordon Thomas's 2007 book Secrets and Lies the CIA's Operation Often was also initiated by the chief of the CIA's Technical Services Branch, Dr. Sidney Gottlieb, to "explore the world of black magic" and "harness the forces of darkness and challenge the concept that the inner reaches of the mind are beyond reach". As part of Operation Often, Dr. Gottlieb and other CIA employees visited with and recruited fortune-tellers, palm-readers, clairvoyants, astrologists, mediums, psychics, specialists in demonology, witches and warlocks, Satanists, other occult practitioners, and more.
- "Project MKOFTEN | Targeted Individuals Canada". March 4, 2011. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
- Ross, C.A. "Project Bluebird". Retrieved 2018-12-06.
- Swancer, B. (March 22, 2018). "Black Magic, the Occult, and the CIA". Mysterious Universe. Retrieved 2018-12-06.
- Gordon, pp. 295-299
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