Pride and joy: children's portraits in the Netherlands, 1500–1700

Pride and joy: children's portraits in the Netherlands, 1500–1700 (Dutch: Kinderen op hun mooist: het kinderportret in de Nederlanden 1500-1700), was an exhibition held jointly by the Frans Hals Museum in Haarlem and the Royal Museum of Fine Arts, Antwerp, over several months in 2000–2001.[1] It was the first exhibition with a particular focus on images of childhood from the early-modern Low Countries.[2]

The exhibition catalog included detailed discussions of 85 paintings from various collection holders, that together give an overview of four basic aspects of daily life in 17th-century portraits of children and families from the Low Countries: family values, educating children, children at play, and children's fashions.[3] The English translation of the catalogue was published in 2001.[4]

Since children's portraits are often quite popular, the exhibition was restricted by rules governing insurance and loans of popular pieces. The introduction to the catalog discusses and reproduces several paintings that could not be exhibited. The Rijksmuseum Amsterdam however was able to loan 11 works for the exhibition. The catalog is organized loosely by time period, starting with the earliest works.

image Article Painter Date Collection Inventory number Catalog code
Meester van de Magdalenalegende - Filips de Schone als jongeling.jpg
Filips de Schone als jongeling Master of the Legend of the Magdalen 1493 Huis Bergh 1
Little girl with dead bird mg 2968.jpg
Little girl with a dead bird anonymous 1510s Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium 4434 2
Three children of King Christian II of Denmark by Jan Gossaert (1526).jpg
Three children of King Christian II of Denmark Jan Gossaert 1525 Royal Collection RCIN 405782 3
Jan van Scorel - Portrait of a Young Scholar - Google Art Project.jpg
Portrait of a Young Scholar Jan van Scorel 1531 Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen 1797 (OK) 4
Bernaert de Rijckere - Adriaan van Santvoort and his Sons Guillaume and Adriaan.jpg
Adriaan van Santvoort and his Sons Guillaume and Adriaan Bernaert de Rijckere 1563 private collection 5
Bernaert de Rijckere - Anna van Hertsbeke and her Daughter Catharina and Son Jan Baptiste.jpg
Anna van Hertsbeke and her Daughter Catharina and Son Jan Baptiste Bernaert de Rijckere 1563 private collection 6
Little Girl with a Basket of Cherries.jpg
Little Girl with a Basket of Cherries anonymous 1575 National Gallery NG6161 7
Jacob Willemsz. Delff (I) 001.jpg
Portrait of a boy aged two Jacob Willemsz Delff 1581 Rijksmuseum SK-A-1907 8
Unknown painter - Hilleke de Roy and 4 of her Orphans.jpg
Hilleke de Roy and 4 of her Orphans anonymous 1586 private collection 9
Jan Claesz - Six-year-old Girl holding a Cherry - Rijksmuseum Twenthe.jpg
Six-year-old Girl holding a Cherry Jan Claesz. 1594 Rijksmuseum Twenthe 130 10
Isaac Claesz. van Swanenburg - Portrait of Catharina van Warmondt - 1596.jpg
Portrait of Catharina van Warmondt Isaac van Swanenburg 1596 Museum Meermanno 16/31 11
Hans de Clercq (attr) Portrait of Hector van Bouricius.jpg
Portrait of Hector van Bouricius Hans Hansz. de Clercq 1599 Fries Museum 1950-63 12
Cornelis Ketel - Double Portrait of a Brother and Sister - WGA12153.jpg
Double Portrait of a Brother and Sister Cornelis Ketel 1600 Museum Mayer van den Bergh 19 13
Jan Claesz - Five-year-old Boy holding a Pony - 1609.jpg
Five-year-old Boy holding a Pony Jan Claesz. 1609 Stichting Verzameling Semeijns de Vries van Doesburgh 14
Jan Claesz - Girl with Rattle - 1609.jpg
Girl with Rattle Jan Claesz. 1609 Fries Museum 1962-81 15
Rubens, Peter Paul - A child with bird - c. 1616.jpg
A child with bird Peter Paul Rubens 1625 Gemäldegalerie GG763 16
Unknown painter - Boy with Colf Stick - Gemeentemuseum Het Markiezenhof, Bergen op Zoom.jpg
Boy with Colf Stick anonymous 1615 Markiezenhof 3065 17
Portret van een meisje, bekend als 'Het prinsesje' Rijksmuseum SK-A-277.jpeg
Portrait of a girl, known as 'The Little Princess' Paulus Moreelse 1623 Rijksmuseum SK-A-277 18
Dordtse Vierling DM-986-639.jpg
Quadruplets of Dordrecht anonymous 1621 Dordrechts Museum DM-986-639 19
Paulus Moreelse - Two Girls.jpg
Two Girls Paulus Moreelse 1622 Centraal Museum
Nederlands Kunstbezit (NK)
10240 20
Paulus Moreelse - Girl - 1623.jpg
Girl – 1623 Paulus Moreelse 1623 National Gallery of Ireland NGI.263 21
Cornelis de Vos - Magdalena de Vos.jpg
Magdalena de Vos Cornelis de Vos 1623 private collection 22
Cornelis de Vos Girl at a Virginal.jpg
Girl at a Virginal Cornelis de Vos 1624 private collection 23
Cornelis de Vos - Portrait of Susanna de Vos.jpg
Susanna de Vos Cornelis de Vos 1627 Städel 763 24
Cornelis de Vos - Portrait of Anthony Reyniers and His Family.jpg
Portrait of Anthony Reyniers and His Family Cornelis de Vos 1631 Philadelphia Museum of Art W1902-1-22 25
Jan Antonisz van Ravesteyn - Portrait of Joannes de Ruyter - 1632.jpg
Joannes de Ruyter (ca. 1627–1678) Jan Antonisz. van Ravesteyn 1632 private collection 26
Jacob Adriaensz. Backer 003.jpg
Portrait of a Boy in Gray Jacob Adriaensz Backer 1634 Mauritshuis 747 27
Jan van Bijlert - Family Group as Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi, Showing Her Children - c.1635.jpg
Family Group as Cornelia, Mother of the Gracchi, Showing Her Children – c.1635 Jan van Bijlert 1635 Musée des Beaux-Arts d'Orléans MO1500 28
Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp 002.jpg
Portrait of Jacob (1627), Elisabeth (1629–1678) and Cornelia Francken (1633) Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp 1635 Dordrechts Museum 29
Dirck Santvoort - Willem Van Loon.JPG
Portrait of Willem Van Loon (later mayor of Amsterdam), aged 2 1/2 Dirck van Santvoort 1636 Museum Van Loon 30
Cuyp, Jacob Gerritsz. - .jpg
Two children with a lamb Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp 1638 Wallraf-Richartz Museum 31
Family portrait with three cradles - Stichting Verzameling Semeijns de Vries van Doesburgh.jpg
Family portrait with three cradles anonymous 1638 Stichting Verzameling Semeijns de Vries van Doesburgh 32
Portrait of a little boy, by Willem van der Vliet.jpg
Portrait of a boy Willem van der Vliet 1638 Rijksmuseum SK-A-2577 33
Jacob Adriaensz Backer - Grandmother with Granddaughter - 1639.jpg
Grandmother with Granddaughter – 1639 Jacob Adriaensz Backer 1638 private collection 34
Govert Flinck 010.jpg
Girl by a High Chair Govert Flinck 1640 Mauritshuis 676 35
Govert Flinck - A Girl as Flora - c. 1640.jpg
A Girl as Flora – c. 1640 Govert Flinck 1640 Museum of Fine Arts of Nantes 36
Gerard van Honthorst - Hieronymus and Frederik Adolf van Tuyll van Serooskerken - 1641.jpg
Hieronymus and Frederik Adolf van Tuyll van Serooskerken – 1641 Gerard van Honthorst 1641 M.A.O.C. Gravin van Bylandt Stichting 37
Johannes Cornelisz. Verspronck - Portret van een meisje in het blauw - Google Art Project.jpg
Portrait of a Girl Dressed in Blue Johannes Cornelisz Verspronck 1641 Rijksmuseum SK-A-3064 38
Pieter Soutman - Group of four children - 1641.jpg
Group of four children – 1641 Pieter Soutman 1641 private collection 39
Dirck Dircksz Santvoort - Boy in White - c. 1641.jpg
Boy in White – c. 1641 Dirck van Santvoort 1641 private collection 40
Bartholomeus van der Helst - Boy with a Spoon.jpg
Boy with a Spoon Bartholomeus van der Helst 1643 private collection 41
Bartholomeus van der Helst - A Boy as Cupid - 1644.jpg
A Boy as Cupid – 1644 Bartholomeus van der Helst 1644 private collection 42
Martinus Alewijn (1634-84). Zoon van Abraham Alewijn en Geertruid Hooftman Rijksmuseum SK-A-1310.jpeg
Martinus Alewijn (1634–84). Sun od Abraham Alewijn and Geertruid Hooftman Dirck van Santvoort 1644 Rijksmuseum SK-A-1310 43
Clara Alewijn (1635-74). Dochter van Abraham Alewijn en Geertruid Hooftman Rijksmuseum SK-A-1311.jpeg
Clara Alewijn (1635–74). Daughter of Abraham Alewijn and Geertruid Hooftman Dirck van Santvoort 1644 Rijksmuseum SK-A-1311 44
Pieter van Lint - Portrait of a Child.jpg
Portrait of a Girl Pieter van Lint 1645 Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp (KMSKA) 884 45
Helst Kind auf dem Sterbebett.jpg
A child's deathbed portrait Bartholomeus van der Helst 1645 Nederlands Kunstbezit (NK) NK 2692 46
Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp - 4 yr old Girl with Cat and Fish - 1647.jpg
Four-year-old Girl with Cat and Fish Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp 1647 private collection 47
Helena van der Schalcke as a Child 1648 Gerard ter Borch II.jpg
Portrait of Helena van der Schalcke Gerard ter Borch 1648s Rijksmuseum SK-A-1786 48
Michiel Pompe van Slingelandt (1643-1685), by Jacob Gerritsz Cuyp.jpg
Michiel Pompe van Slingelandt (1643–1685) Jacob Gerritsz. Cuyp 1649 Dordrechts Museum DM/953/373 49
Jacob van Oost (I) - Portrait of a Boy Aged Eleven.jpg
Portrait of an 11-year-old Boy Jacob van Oost 1650 National Gallery NG1137 50
Michaelina woutiers-santas ines y dorotea.jpg
Saint Agnes and Saint Dorothea Michaelina Wautier
Thomas Willeboirts Bosschaert
1650s Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp (KMSKA)
Flemish Art Collection
599 51
Jan Baptist Weenix - Girl as Shepherdess c. 1650.jpg
Girl as Shepherdess Jan Baptist Weenix 1650 musée de Picardie 52
Johannes Verspronck - Boy c. 1650-1654.jpg
Boy Johannes Cornelisz Verspronck 1650s private collection 53
Erasmus Quellinus II - Portret van een jongetje.JPG
Portrait of a Boy Jan Fyt
Erasmus Quellinus II
1650s Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp (KMSKA)
Flemish Art Collection
407 54
Jacob van Loo - Boy with Top and Dog - c. 1650-1655.jpg
Boy with a Top and Dog Jacob van Loo 1650s private collection 55
Theodoor van Thulden - Portrait of Josina Copes-Schade van Westrum and Her Children - c. 1651.jpg
Portrait of Josina Copes-Schade van Westrum and Her Children – c. 1651 Theodoor van Thulden 1651 North Brabant Museum 9.740 56
Portret van een jongetje met een bok Rijksmuseum SK-A-995.jpeg
Portrait of a boy with a billygoat Jan Albertsz Rotius 1652 Rijksmuseum SK-A-995 57
Van den Kerckhoven door Jan Mijtens.jpg
Willem van den Kerckhoven and his Family Johannes Mytens 1652 Haags Historisch Museum 58
Jan Baptist Weenix - Christina Lepper de Kempenaer and Her Children c. 1653.jpg
Christina Lepper de Kempenaer and Her Children Jan Baptist Weenix 1653 private collection 59
Johannes Verspronck - Boy Sleeping in a High Chair - 1654.jpg
Boy Sleeping in a High Chair Johannes Cornelisz Verspronck 1654 private collection 60
Jan Jansz de Stomme - Three Children from the Tjarda van Starckenborgh Family - 1654.jpg
Portrait of Frederika, Edzard Jacob and Lambert Tjarda van Starkenborgh Jan de Stomme 1654 Groninger Museum 1940.0199 61
Willem III (1650-1702), prins van Oranje, als kind Rijksmuseum SK-A-3889.jpeg
William III (1650–1702), prince of Orange, as a child Adriaen Hanneman 1654 Rijksmuseum SK-A-3889 62
Jan de Bray - Portrait of a Six-year-old Boy.jpg
Portrait of a Six-year-old Boy Jan de Bray 1654 Mauritshuis 808 63
"Otto van der Waeyen in a Polish costume" by Ferdinand Bol.jpg
Otto van der Waeyen in a Polish Costume Ferdinand Bol 1656 Museum Boijmans Van Beuningen 1071 (OK) 64
Jan de Bray - Portrait of a Boy holding a Basket of Fruit, 1658.jpg
Portrait of a Boy holding a Basket of Fruit Jan de Bray 1658 Museum of Fine Arts 1992.475 65
Ludolf de Jongh - Boy teaching a Dog VMFA 63-54 v1 KW x-742x1024.jpg
Boy Training his Dog Ludolf Leendertsz de Jongh 1661 Virginia Museum of Fine Arts 66
Gerbrand van den Eeckhout - Willem Woutersz Oorthoorn in a Goat-Cart - 1662.jpg
Willem Woutersz Oorthoorn in a Goat-Cart Gerbrand van den Eeckhout 1662 private collection 67
Justus van Egmont - Alexander, Jan-Cornelis and Maria-Aldegonda Goubau.jpg
the Goubau-Children: Alexander IV Goubau, Lord of Mespelaere, (1658–1712), Joannes V Cornelis Goubau, (1660–1702), and Maria-Aldegonda Goubau Justus van Egmont 1663 private collection 68
Margarita Trip die als Minerva haar zuster Anna Maria Trip onderwijst Rijksmuseum SK-A-46.jpeg
Margarita Trip as Minerva, Instructing her Sister Anna Maria Trip Ferdinand Bol 1663 Rijksmuseum SK-A-46 69
Jan Albertsz Rotius - A Four-year-old Girl with a Pot of Carnations - 1663.jpg
A Four-year-old Girl with a Pot of Carnations Jan Albertsz Rotius 1663 Art Gallery of Ontario 70
Jan de Bray - Christus zegent de kinderen familieportret Braems-Van der Laen - 1663.jpg
Family Portrait of Braems-Van der Laen with Christ Blessing the Children Jan de Bray 1663 Frans Hals Museum OS-I-36 71
Caesar van Everdingen - Portrait of a Two-Year-Old Boy - WGA07576.jpg
Portrait of a Two-Year Old Boy Caesar van Everdingen 1664 Cannon Hall 72
Caesar van Everdingen - Portrait of a Girl as a Huntress - WGA07575.jpg
Portrait of a Girl as a Huntress Caesar van Everdingen 1665 Royal Museum of Fine Arts Antwerp (KMSKA) 382 73
Jan van Noordt - Portrait of a Boy - 1665.jpg
Portrait of a Boy Jan van Noordt 1665 Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon 74
Jeanne Vergouwen - two young boys dressed up as knights 1668.jpg
Twins Johanna Vergouwen 1668 private collection 75
Portrait of a boy as a hunter, by Pieter Nason, c. 1665, oil on canvas - Villa Vauban - Luxembourg City - DSC06447.JPG
Portrait of a boy as a hunter Pieter Nason 1665 Villa Vauban 76
Jan davids de heem-fleurs avec portrait guillaume III d'Orange.jpg
Flower garland with portrait of William III of Orange, aged 10 Jan Davidsz. de Heem
Jan Vermeer van Utrecht
1666
1659
Museum of Fine Arts of Lyon
Gallery Prince Willem V
Department of Paintings of the Louvre
A 85 77
Nicolaes Maes - Two Angels Bearing a Dead Infant up to Heaven - c. 1675.jpg
Two Angels Bearing a Dead Infant up to Heaven – c. 1675 Nicolaes Maes 1675 private collection 78
Nicolaes Maes - Group Portrait as Mirror of Virtue.jpg
Group Portrait as Mirror of Virtue Nicolaes Maes 1670s private collection 79
Allegorisch groepsportret, waarschijnlijk voorstellend Anthony de Bordes Sr. die zijn zoon Anthony toevertrouwt aan Minerva Amsterdam Museum SB 6404.jpg
Allegorical Portrait of Anthony de Bordes and His Son Anthony Adriaen Backer 1673 Amsterdam Museum SB 6404 80
Nicolaes Maes - Three Children in a Landscape - 1677.jpg
Three Children in a Landscape – 1677 Nicolaes Maes 1677 Slot Zuylen S 43 81
Daniël Mijtens (II) - Allegoriserende portretgroep.jpg
Group portrait with allegorical overtones of the children of Diederic Pietersz van Leyden (van Leeuwen; 1628–82), burgomaster of Leiden, and Alida Paets (1625–73) Daniel Mijtens the Younger 1679 Rijksmuseum SK-A-4222 82
Nicolaes Maes - George de Vicq as Ganymede - 1681 - Fogg Art Museum.jpg
George de Vicq as Ganymede – 1681 – Fogg Art Museum Nicolaes Maes 1681 Fogg Museum 1993.25 83
Johannes Thopas.jpg
Deathbed portrait of a child, probably Catharina Margaretha van Valkenburg (1680–1682) Jan Thopas 1682 Mauritshuis 84
Adriaen van der Werff - Cunera Oltshoorn - 1683.jpg
Cunera Oltshoorn Adriaen van der Werff 1683 Museum Rotterdam 85

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lauran Toorians (2000). "Kinderen op hun mooist". Ons Erfdeel. 43.
  2. ^ Jan Van Hove (22 January 2001). "Museum van Antwerpen pakt uit met kinderportretten". De Standaard.
  3. ^ Pride and joy: children's portraits in the Netherlands, 1500–1700 on codart (in Dutch)
  4. ^ Philippe Marchand (2002). "Pride and Joy: Children's portraits in the Netherlands (1500-1700)". Histoire de l'éducation (93).