President of the Maryland Senate

The president of the Maryland Senate is elected by the State Senate.[1] The incumbent is Bill Ferguson who has held the role since 2020.

The Maryland Constitution of 1864 created the new position of Lieutenant Governor of Maryland, elected by the voters of the state.[2] That officer served as president of the Senate and would assume the office of governor if the incumbent should die, resign, be removed, or be disqualified.[2] Christopher Christian Cox was the first and only lieutenant governor to preside over the Senate in that capacity;[3] the position was abolished in the state's 1867 Constitution, which remains in effect as amended.[2] When the lieutenant governorship was re-established by a constitutional amendment in 1970, it did not include the Senate presidency.[2]

List of Senate presidentsEdit

Name (Political Party) Sessions
Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer 1777–1780
Matthew Tilghman 1780
Daniel of St. Thomas Jenifer 1780
George Plater 1780–1782
Matthew Tilghman 1782–1783
Charles Carroll of Carrollton 1783
Daniel Carroll 1783
Charles Carroll of Carrollton 1783
George Plater 1784
John Smith 1784
George Plater 1785
Daniel Carroll 1785
George Plater 1786
John Smith 1786
Daniel Carroll 1787
George Plater 1787–1788
Daniel Carroll 1788–1789
John Smith 1789
George Plater 1790
William Smallwood 1791
George Dent 1792
William Perry 1792–1798
John Thomas 1797–1800
Richard Harwood 1801–1805
William Thomas 1806–1807
Stephen Lowrey 1807
William Thomas 1807–1809
Stephen Lowrey 1809
William Thomas 1809–1813
Elijah Davis 1813–1815
William Spencer 1816–1820
William R. Stuart 1821–1825
Edward Lloyd 1826
William H. Marriott 1827–1830
Benjamin S. Forrest 1831–1834
Thomas Sappington 1834
John G. Chapman (Whig) 1834–1836
Richard Thomas 1836–1843
William Williams 1844–1847
William Lingan Gaither 1849
Edward Lloyd 1852–1853
William Lingan Gaither 1854
George Wells 1856
Edwin H. Webster 1858
John B. Brooke 1860–1861
Henry Hollyday Goldsborough 1861–1862
John S. Sellman 1864
Christopher C. Cox (National Union)* 1865–1867
Barnes Compton (D) 1868–1870
Henry Snyder (D) 1872
John Lee Carroll (D) 1874
Daniel Fields (D) 1876
Edward Lloyd (D) 1878
Herman Stump, Jr. (D) 1880
George Hawkins Williams (D) 1882
Henry Lloyd (D) 1884
Edwin Warfield (D) 1886
George Peter (D) 1888
Robert F. Bratton (D) 1890
Edward Lloyd VII (D) 1892
John Walter Smith (D) 1894
William Cabell Bruce (D) 1896
John Wirt Randall (R) 1898
John Hubner (D) 1900–1902
Spencer Cone Jones (D) 1904
Joseph B. Seth (D) 1906–1908
Arthur Pue Gorman, Jr. (D) 1910
Jesse D. Price (D) 1912–1914
Peter J. Campbell (D) 1916–1918
William I. Norris (D) 1920–1922
David G. McIntosh, Jr. (D) 1924–1929
Walter J. Mitchell (D) 1931–1933
Lansdale G. Sasscer (D) 1935–1937
Arthur H. Brice (D) 1939–1943
James J. Lindsay, Jr. (D) 1944–1946
Joseph R. Byrnes (D) 1947–1950
L. Harold Sothoron (D) 1950
George W. Della (D) 1951–1954
Louis L. Goldstein (D) 1955–1958
George W. Della (D) 1959–1962
William S. James (D) 1963–1974
Steny Hoyer (D) 1975–1978
James Clark, Jr. (D) 1979–1982
Melvin A. Steinberg (D) 1983–1986
Thomas V. Mike Miller, Jr. (D) 1987–2019
Bill Ferguson (D) 2019-Present

* Cox was elected Lieutenant Governor under the 1864 Constitution, which made him ex officio president of the Senate.


  1. ^ "Maryland Senate - Organizational Structure". Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  2. ^ a b c d "Maryland State Archives, Lieutenant Governors of Maryland 1865-1990". Retrieved 2019-04-08.
  3. ^ "Christopher C. Cox, MSA SC 3520-1490". Retrieved 2019-04-08.