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President of the Republic was the title given to the head of the Irish ministry or Aireacht in August 1921 by an amendment to the Dáil Constitution, which replaced the previous title, Príomh Aire or president of Dáil Éireann. Unlike the previous offices, which were simply head of government or prime minister, the president of the Republic was explicitly declared to be the Irish Republic's head of state.

The Republic was not recognised by other states, so the position only had meaning to supporters of Dáil Éireann.

Presidents of the RepublicEdit

  • Éamon de ValeraSinn Féin (August 1921 to January 1922)[1]
  • Arthur Griffith – Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin (January to August 1922)
    Following a close Dáil vote of 58-60 in January 1922 that de Valera lost, Arthur Griffith was elected President. He preferred to use the earlier title of President of Dáil Éireann, but never formally reverted the constitutional amendments of August 1921.
  • W. T. Cosgrave – Pro-Treaty Sinn Féin (August to December 1922)
    Following Arthur Griffith's death and Michael Collins's assassination in August 1922, Cosgrave simultaneously held the offices of President of the Republic, President of Dáil Éireann, and Chairman of the Provisional Government, on the understanding that they would all be merged into the formative Free State government from the enactment in December 1922 of the Constitution of the Irish Free State.

See alsoEdit

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ In October 1922, during the Irish Civil War the anti-Treaty TDs formed a token "republican government", with de Valera styled as "President of the Republic".