List of presidents of Benin
|President of the|
Republic of Benin
|Residence||Presidential Palace, Porto-Novo|
|Term length||5 years, renewable once|
|Inaugural holder||Hubert Maga|
|Formation||31 December 1960|
|Salary||29,810 USD annually|
A total of seven people have served as President (not counting two acting presidents, several interim military officeholders and a collective presidency). Additionally, one person, Mathieu Kérékou, has served on two non-consecutive occasions.
Description of the officeEdit
The President of the Republic shall be elected by direct universal suffrage for a mandate of five years, renewable only one time.
In any case, no one shall be able to exercise more than two presidential mandates.
The election of the President of the Republic shall take place with a uninominal majority ballot in two rounds.
No one may be a candidate for the office of President of the Republic unless:
- He is of Béninese nationality at birth or shall have acquired it for at least ten years;
- He is of good morality and of great honesty;
- He enjoys all his civil and political rights;
- He is at least 40 years old but not more than 70 years old at the date of the filing of his candidacy;
- He resides in the territory of the Republic of Bénin at the time of the elections;
- He enjoys a satisfactory state of physical and mental well-being duly verified by a collegiate board of three doctors sworn and designated by the Constitutional Court.
The President of the Republic shall be elected by an absolute majority of votes cast. If that shall not be obtained in the first round of voting, it shall be followed, after a delay of fifteen days, by a second round.
The only ones who may be presented in the second round of balloting shall be the two candidates who shall have received the greatest number of votes in the first round. In case of the withdrawal of one or both of the two candidates, the next ones shall be presented in the order of their filing after the first balloting.
The candidate having received the relative majority of votes cast in the second round shall be declared elected.
The convocation of the electors shall be made by a decree issued in the Council of Ministers.
The first round of balloting for the election of the President of the Republic shall take place at least thirty days and at most forty days before the expiration date of the powers of the President in office.
The mandate of the new President of the Republic shall take effect by counting from the expiration date of the mandate of his predecessor.
Oath of officeEdit
Before taking his office, the President of the Republic shall take the following oath:
Before God, the Manes [spirits] of the ancestors, the Nation and before the Béninese People, the only holder of sovereignty;
I, President of the Republic, elected in accordance with the laws of the Republic do solemnly swear
— To respect and defend the Constitution which the Béninese People have freely given to themselves;
— To fulfill loyally the high office that the Nation has entrusted to me;
— To allow myself to be guided only by the general interest and the respect for human rights to consecrate all my strength to the research and the promotion of the common good, of peace and of national unity;
— To preserve the integrity of the national territory;
— To conduct myself everywhere as a faithful and loyal servant of the people.
In case of perjury, that I shall submit to the severity of the law.
This oath shall be received by the President of the Constitutional Court before the National Assembly and the Supreme Court.
In case of vacancy of the Presidency of the Republic by death, resignation or permanent impediment, the National Assembly shall reconvene in order to rule on the case with an absolute majority of its members. The President of the National Assembly shall refer the matter to the Constitutional Court which shall certify it and declare the vacancy of the Presidency of the Republic. The duties of President of the Republic, with the exception of those mentioned in Articles 54 paragraph 3, 50, 60, 101, and 154 shall be temporarily exercised by the President of the National Assembly.
The election of a new President of the Republic shall take place thirty days at the least and forty days at most after the declaration of the permanent nature of the vacancy.
In case of bringing an accusation of the President of the Republic before the High Court of Justice, his interim shall be assumed by the President of the Constitutional Court who shall exercise all the duties of President of the Republic with the exception of those mentioned in Articles 54 paragraph 3, 58, 60, 101 and 154.
In case of absence from the territory, of illness and of vacation of the President of the Republic, his interim shall be assumed by a member of the Government whom he shall have designated and within the limitation of powers that he shall have delegated to him.
- Political parties
- Other factions
- Denotes Acting/Interim Head of State
List of officeholdersEdit
|Elected||Term of office||Political affiliation||Prime minister(s)|
|Took office||Left office||Time in office|
|Republic of Dahomey|
|1960||1 August 1960||28 October 1963
|3 years, 88 days||RDD||Himself|
|—||28 October 1963||25 January 1964||89 days||Military||Position abolished|
|1964||25 January 1964||27 November 1965
|1 year, 306 days||PDD||Ahomadégbé-Tomêtin|
|—||27 November 1965||29 November 1965||2 days||PDD||Himself|
|—||29 November 1965||22 December 1965
|23 days||PDD||Position abolished|
|—||22 December 1965||19 December 1967
|1 year, 362 days||Military||Position abolished|
|—||19 December 1967||20 December 1967||1 day||Military||Position abolished|
|—||20 December 1967||21 December 1967||1 day||Military||Position abolished|
|—||21 December 1967||17 July 1968||209 days||Military||Kouandété|
|4||Émile Derlin Zinsou
|1968 (Jul)||17 July 1968||10 December 1969
|1 year, 146 days||Independent||Position abolished|
|—||10 December 1969||13 December 1969||3 days||Military||Position abolished|
|–||Paul-Émile de Souza
|—||13 December 1969||7 May 1970||145 days||Military||Position abolished|
|—||7 May 1970||7 May 1972||2 years, 0 days||RDD||Position abolished|
|—||7 May 1972||26 October 1972
|172 days||PDD||Position abolished|
|—||26 October 1972||30 November 1975||3 years, 35 days||Military||Position abolished|
|People's Republic of Benin|
|30 November 1975||1 March 1990||14 years, 120 days||Military[f] / PRPB||Position abolished|
|Republic of Benin|
|—||1 March 1990||4 April 1991||1 year, 34 days||PRPB / Independent||Soglo|
|1991||4 April 1991||4 April 1996||5 years, 0 days||RB||Position abolished|
|4 April 1996||6 April 2006||10 years, 2 days||Independent / FARD–Alafia||Houngbédji|
|7||Thomas Boni Yayi
|6 April 2006||6 April 2016||10 years, 0 days||Independent||Koupaki|
|2016||6 April 2016||Incumbent||3 years, 361 days||Independent||Position abolished|
|Candidate||Party||First round||Second round|
|Lionel Zinsou||Cowry Forces for an Emerging Benin||858,080||28.43||1,076,061||34.63|
|Abdoulaye Bio-Tchané||Alliance for a Triumphant Benin||262,389||8.69|
|Pascal Koupaki||New Consciousness Rally||177,251||5.87|
|Robert Gbian||Generations for Republican Governance||46,634||1.54|
|Fernand Amoussou||Alliance of Forces of the Future||35,390||1.17|
|Issa Salifou||Union for Relief||30,855||1.02|
|Aké Natonde||Path of Benin||26,501||0.88|
|Nassirou Bako Arifari||Amana Alliance||19,012||0.63|
|Mohamed Atao Hinnouho||Résoatao Party||12,441||0.41|
|Saliou Youssao Aboudou||12,215||0.40|
|Bertin Koovi||Iroko Alliance||11,292||0.37|
|Karimou Chabi Sika||Independent||7,351||0.24|
|Zul-Kifl Salami||National Party of Congress||6,782||0.22|
|Elisabeth Agbossaga||Union for Development and Reform||5,802||0.19|
|Issifou Kogui N'douro||Independent||5,130||0.17|
|Zacharie Cyriaque Goudali||6 May Movement||4,998||0.17|
|Gabriel Ayivi Adjavon||4,371||0.14|
|Marcel de Souza||Republican Front of Benin||4,247||0.14|
|Azizou El-Hadj Issa||Independent||4,143||0.14|
|Omer Rustique Guezo||3,999||0.13|
|Jean-Alexandre Hountondji||New March||3,893||0.13|
|Daniel Edah||Movement for Prosperity and Solidarity||3,694||0.12|
|Christian Enock Lagnide||3,391||0.11|
|Issa Badarou Soule||3,380||0.11|
|Simon Pierre Adovelande||Independent||2,858||0.09|
|Moudjaidou Soumanou Issoufou||2,648||0.09|
|Gatien Houngbedji||Union for Economic and Social Development||2,287||0.08|
|Kessile Tchala Sare||1,272||0.04|
|Source: Constitutional Court (first round, second round)|
- "The highest and lowest paid African presidents - Business Daily".
- Article 42 of the Constitution of 1990.
- Article 43 of the Constitution of 1990.
- Article 44 of the Constitution of 1990.
- Article 45 of the Constitution of 1990.
- Article 46 of the Constitution of 1990.
- Article 47 of the Constitution of 1990.
- Article 53 of the Constitution of 1990.
- Article 50 of the Constitution of 1990.
- Elections in Benin African Elections Database
- "Mathieu Kérékou, Dictator Who Ushered In Democracy in Benin, Dies at 82". The New York Times. October 15, 2015. Retrieved March 11, 2019.