Pre-industrial society(Redirected from Pre-modern societies)
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Pre-industrial society refers to social attributes and forms of political and cultural organization that were prevalent before the advent of the Industrial Revolution, which occurred from 1750 to 1850. Pre-industrial is a time before there were machines and tools to help perform tasks in masse. Pre-industrial civilization dates back to centuries ago, but the main era known as the Pre-Industrial Society occurred right before the industrial society. Pre-Industrial societies vary from region to region depending on the culture of a given area or history of social and political life. Europe is known for its feudal system and Medieval era.
- Limited production
- Extreme agricultural economy
- Limited division of labor. In pre-industrial societies, production was relatively simple and the number of specialized crafts was limited.
- Limited variation of social classes
- Parochialism—Communications were limited between communities in pre-industrial societies. Few had the opportunity to see or hear beyond their own village. In contrast, industrial societies grew with the help of faster means of communication, having more information at hand about the world, allowing knowledge transfer and cultural diffusion between them.
- Populations grew at substantial rates 
- Social classes: peasants and lords
- Subsistence level of living
- Population dependent on peasants for food
- People were located in villages rather than in cities
Economic systems of pre-industrial societiesEdit
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- Cipolla, Carlo M. Before the Industrial Revolution: European Society and Economy, 1000-1700. New York: Norton, 1976
- Persson, Karl Gunnar. Pre-industrial Economic Growth: Social Organization, and Technological Progress in Europe. Oxford: Blackwell, 1988.