Port Hamilton incident
Russia had intended to use the island as a coaling station.
While the British government was alarmed by rumours of a secret agreement between Russia and Korea, these rumours did not reach the British Cabinet until after the decision to occupy Geomundo had been taken. The port was taken to establish a British port in the Far East outside China in the event of a war with Russia, to mitigate the harmful potential of possible Chinese neutrality. In official statements, the British government claimed that the occupation had been undertaken to preempt Russian annexation of the islands. In response, diplomats such as the then French minister to Japan and newspapers such as the Novoe Vremiya speculated that Russia would counterbalance the British occupation by seizing Port Lazarev (Wonsan) or Jeju Island.
Russia threatened to occupy parts of Korea, in response to British actions. After receiving assurances from the Russians that they would not occupy any part of Korea the British withdrew.
- The Russo-Japanese war in global perspective: World War Zero. Brill Academic Pub. p. 448. ISBN 90-04-14284-3.
- Lensen, G. A. (1989) Balance of Intrigue: International Rivalry in Korea & Manchuria, 1884–1899. University Press of Florida (2 vols.). Vol. 1: p. 54.
- Lensen, Vol. 1, pp. 57–58.
- Seth, Michael J (2010). A History of Korea: From Antiquity to the Present. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 225. ISBN 978-0742567160.