Poompuhar (film)

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Poompuhar (Tamil: பூம்புகார்) is a Tamil epic film directed by P. Neelakantan based on one of The Five Great Epics of Tamil Literature Silapadhigaaram in 1964. This is the second movie produced based on Silapadhigaaram epic after the first movie Kannagi in 1942.

Poompuhar film poster.jpg
Directed byP. Neelakantan
Written byM. Karunanidhi
Story byIlango Adigal
StarringS. S. Rajendran
C. R. Vijayakumari
K. B. Sundarambal
Music byR. Sudarsanam
Release date
  • 18 September 1964 (1964-09-18)

SS. Rajendran, C. R. Vijayakumari, Rajasree & K. B. Sundarambal played the lead roles, directed by P. Neelakantan. Song lyrics by Mayavanathan, A. Somu, Mu Karunanidhi, Radha Manickam & Udumalai Narayana Kavi and music by R. Sudarsanam


Kovalan (S. S. Rajendran), the son of a wealthy merchant in Kaveripattinam, married Kannagi (C. R. Vijayakumari), the lovely daughter of another merchant. They lived together happily in the city of Kaveripattinam, until Kovalan met the courtesan Madhavi (Rajasree) and fell in love with her. In his infatuation, he left his wife Kannagi and gradually spent all his wealth on the dancer. At last, penniless, Kovalan realised his mistake, and returned to Kannagi after a year. Their only asset was a precious pair of anklets (Tamil: Silambu), filled with gems, which she gave to him willingly. With these as their capital they went to the great city of Madurai, where Kovalan hoped to recoup his fortunes by trade.

The city of Madurai was ruled by the Pandya king Neduncheziyan. Upon arrival to Madurai, Kovalan set out to sell Kannagi's anklets. While on his way to sell the anklet, he was held by the king's guards for the alleged theft of one of the queen's anklets. Upon the king's orders, he was beheaded without trial. When Kannagi was informed of this, she became furious, and set out to prove her husband's innocence to the king, by showing him the anklets.

Kannagi came to the king's court, broke open the anklet seized from Kovalan and showed that it contained rubies, as opposed to the queen's anklets which contained pearls. Realizing their fault, the king and the queen died of shame. Unsatisfied, Kannagi tore out a breast and flung it on the city, uttering a curse that the entire city be burnt. Due to her utmost chastity, her curse became a reality.



Music was composed by R. Sudharsanam while the lyrics were penned by Udumalai Narayana Kavi, Mayavanathan, Alangudi Somu, M. Karunanidhi and Radha Manikam.[4][5]

1."Ennai Mudhal Mudhallaga"Radha ManikamT. M. Soundararajan & S. Janaki03:37
2."Ponnaal Idhupole"Udumalai Narayana KaviS. Janaki03:28
3."Vazhkkai Ennum Odam"M. KarunanidhiK. B. Sundarambal03:19
4."Thappitthu Vandhanamma"MayavanathanK. B. Sundarambal02:36
5."Andru Kollum"MayavanathanK. B. Sundarambal02:16
6."Iraiva Iraiva"Alangudi SomuP. Susheela03:55
7."Kaaviri Penne"MayavanathanP. Susheela, T. M. Sounderarajan03:29
8."Pottirunthum"Alangudi SomuP. Susheela03:13
9."Thamizh Engal Uyiranathu"MayavanathanP. Susheela04:30
10."Thunbamellam"MayavanathanK. B. Sundarambal03:22
11."Thottavudan Malaronru"MayavanathanK. B. Sundarambal00:38

Critical receptionEdit

The Indian Express called it an "ambitious motion picture in the grand tradition of screen spectacle. It combines lavish and gigantic sets, good acting [..] and pleasing music by Sudharshanam".[1] T. M. Ramachandran of Sport and Pastime wrote the story is "well-known, the film sustains the interest of the audience on account of imaginative treatment and deft touches by director P. Neelakantan" while praising the artistes and their performances.[2]


  1. ^ a b https://news.google.com/newspapers?nid=P9oYG7HA76QC&dat=19640926&printsec=frontpage&hl=en
  2. ^ a b https://archive.org/details/dli.bengal.10689.12016/page/n177
  3. ^ https://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/city/chennai/Rare-scenes-When-party-lines-blurred-for-Karuna/articleshow/65615025.cms
  4. ^ G. Neelamegam. Thiraikalanjiyam - Part 2 (in Tamil). Manivasagar Publishers, Chennai 108 (Ph:044 25361039). First edition November 2016.
  5. ^ http://www.raaga.com/channels/tamil/album/T0001780.html