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In Greek mythology, Polyxenus or Polyxeinus /pəˈlɪksɪnəs/ (Ancient Greek: Πολύξενος, Poluxenos, or Πολύξεινος, Poluxeinos) is a name that may refer to:

  • Polyxenus, one of the first priests of Demeter and one of the first to learn the secrets of the Eleusinian Mysteries.[1]
  • Polyxenus, son of Agasthenes and Peloris, king of Elis. He was counted among the suitors of Helen,[2] and accordingly participated in the Trojan War, having brought 40 ships with him.[3][4][5][6] He returned home safely after the war, and had a son Amphimachus, whom he possibly named after his friend Amphimachus (son of Cteatus), who had died at Troy.[7] Polyxenus, king of Elis, was also said to have been entrusted with the stolen cattle by the Taphians under Pterelaus; the cattle was ransomed from him by Amphitryon.[8] This Polyxenus, however, appears to be a figure distinct from Polyxenus, son of Agasthenes, since he lived two generations before the Trojan War.
  • Polyxenus, son of Jason and Medea.[9]


  1. ^ Homeric Hymn 2 to Demeter, 477
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 3. 10. 8; Hyginus, Fabulae, 81
  3. ^ Homer, Iliad, 2. 624
  4. ^ Hyginus, Fabulae, 97
  5. ^ Dictys Cretensis, 1. 17 & 3. 5
  6. ^ Dares Phrygius, 14
  7. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 5. 3. 4
  8. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, Bibliotheca 2. 4. 6
  9. ^ Pausanias, Description of Greece, 2. 3. 8 with a reference to Hellanicus