Philadelphia Athletics (minor league)

  (Redirected from Philadelphia Athletic)

The Philadelphia Athletics was the primary moniker of the minor league baseball teams based in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The minor league Philadelphia teams played various seasons in Philadelphia between 1877 and 1900.

Philadelphia Athletics
18771900
(1877, 1881–1882, 1889, 1892, 1894, 1896–1897, 1900)
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
Minor league affiliations
Class
League
Major league affiliations
Team
  • None
Minor league titles
League titles (0)None
Team data
Name
  • Philadelphia Defiance (1877)
  • Philadelphia Athletics (minor league) (1877, 1881)
  • Philadelphia Phillies (minor league) (1881–1882)
  • Philadelphia Giants (1889)
  • Philadelphia Athletics (1892)
  • Philadelphia Colts (1894)
  • Philadelphia Athletics (1896–1897, 1900)
BallparkOakdale Park (1881)
Recreation Park (1882)
Philadelphia Park (1892)

The minor league Philadelphia teams played as members of the League Alliance (1877), Eastern Association (1881), League Alliance (1882), Middle States League (1889), Eastern League (1892), Pennsylvania State League (1894, 1896) and Atlantic League (1896–1897, 1900).

The minor league Philadelphia Athletics played in the same era as various major league Philadelphia teams, some also called the "Athletics." The minor league Athletics immediately followed the early major league Philadelphia Athletics (1860–1876), overlapping with the major league Philadelphia Athletics (American Association), the major league Philadelphia White Stockings and the major league Philadelphia Athletics (1890–91).

The minor league Philadelphia Athletics directly preceded the major league Philadelphia Athletics who began play in 1901 and evolved to become today's Oakland Athletics. In addition, the minor league Philadelphia Phillies played in 1881–1882 and directly preceded the major league Philadelphia Phillies who began play in 1883.

HistoryEdit

The minor league team was preceded by the Philadelphia Athletics (1860–1876), formally known as the "Athletic Base Ball Club of Philadelphia." This Athletics franchise played in Philadelphia as members of the National Amateur Association (1861–1870), National Association (1871–1875) and as charter members of the National League in 1876.[1][2]

League Alliance (1877)Edit

After the conclusion of the 1876 season, at a National League meeting, held on December 7, 1876, the Philadelphia Athletics were "expelled" from the National League. At the meeting, held during the National League convention in Cleveland, Ohio, the New York Mutuals and Philadelphia Athletics were expelled from the National League for refusing to travel west to play more games at the conclusion of their 1876 championship series. Their departures left the 1877 National League with only two eastern teams. As a response, in January, 1877 the St. Louis Globe-Democrat published a notice for a meeting of non-National League clubs, to be held in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania in February, 1877. The St. Louis Red Stockings had not been chosen as a franchise in the initial National League. The Pittsburgh franchise agreed to host and pay costs of the meeting. It was proposed before the meeting by Chicago owner Al Spalding that Independent clubs could affiliate with the League by informing the league secretary of player contracts, by agreeing to play under National League rules and by agreeing to abide by the decision of the League regarding disputes. The meeting was held and the league was formed [3]

The franchises who agreed to the structure then literally signed an alliance, leading to the League Alliance name and creation of the league.[4]

The 1877 minor league Philadelphia Athletics (or "Athletic", as noted in some reports) began play as charter members of the 1877 League Alliance. Another Philadelphia team, called the Philadelphia Defiance was noted for entry and early play and a third Philadelphia team was simply called Philadelphia. The Defiance and Philadelphia teams possibly evolved into the "Athletics" moniker during the season or all the Philadelphia teams played games against the Athletics or both. The Philadelphia Athletics joined the initial League Alliance and completed the 1877 season with a league record of 3–2 in the 13–team League Alliance. Hicks Hayhurst served as the Philadelphia Athletics manager. League Alliance members played most games against other teams in their region and not always against other league teams. Only five League Alliance teams played as many as 30 games against other League Alliance teams, with Philadelphia not among them. The Philadelphia Athletics folded from the league after the initial season.[5][6][7][8][9][10][4]

Eastern Association (1881)Edit

The 1881 Philadelphia Athletics became charter members of the Eastern Association, along with another Philadelphia team. The Eastern Association was founded on April 11, 1881 at a meeting in New York City. The "Athletic club of Philadelphia" sent a message to the meeting of their desire to join the league and their membership was approved. It was also announced the Philadelphia Athletics would play home games at Oakdale Park and that they were hiring Charles Fulmer as the manager, assisted by Charles Mason. The Athletics ended the 1881 season with a 18–19 record while playing home games at Oakdale Park. [11][12][13][14][15][16][17]

The second 1881 Philadelphia team, called the "Phillies" played briefly in the Eastern Association before relocating. The Phillies began the season with a 1–1 Eastern Association record before moving to Baltimore, Maryland. The Phillies team played at Recreation Park.[15][18]

League Alliance (1882)Edit

The minor league Philadelphia Phillies resumed play in 1882, playing as members of the 1882 League Alliance. At a December 7, 1881, meeting in Providence, Rhode Island, Philadelphia and New York were admitted as members of the league. Philadelphia owner Al Reach was told that if he did not join the league, a new club would be placed in Philadelphia. A provision was stipulated that the Philadelphia and New York teams would play a "championship series" totaling 24 games. New York won the series which drew sizable crowds to the Polo Grounds and Recreation Park. Philadelphia ended the 1882 season with a record of 12–20 under managers Horace Phillips and Billy Barnie.[19][20][14][21][22][23]

In 1883, the team became a major league franchise. The Phillies continued play at Recreation Park as the franchise joined the National League, where the Philadelphia Phillies continue to play today.[15][24]

Middle States League (1889)Edit

In 1889, the Philadelphia Giants became charter members of the short–lived Independent level Middle States League. The Middle States League was an integrated league, that included two African American teams, the Cuban Giants and the New York Gorhams. The Philadelphia Giants had a record of 2–24 under manager Charlie Mason when the franchise disbanded on June 25, 1889. The Middle States League permanently folded after the 1889 season.[25][26][27][28][29][30]

Eastern League (1892)Edit

The Philadelphia Athletics resumed minor league play as members of the 1892 Class A level Eastern League. The league was planned as a short–season league, with games scheduled from late April to late July. The Athletics had a 12–26 record in the ten–team Eastern League under manager Harry Lyons when Philadelphia disbanded on June 19, 1892. The Birmingham Bingos were the league champion. Although many sources repeat the claim that the team played at Forepaugh Park in 1892,[31][32][33][34][16][35]

 
Philadelphia Baseball Club, P., 1892, Allen, Reilly, Thompso - (4051193132)

local newspapers indicate that all home games were played at Philadelphia Park, generally on days when the Phillies were playing road games. With their season ending prematurely, the Athletics were only able to play about 15 home games.

Pennsylvania State League (1894, 1896)Edit

In 1894, the Easton Dutchman of the Pennsylvania State League moved to Philadelphia on July 4, 1894 with an 8–36 record. The Philadelphia Colts then finished the Pennsylvania State League season. The Easton/Philadelphia team ended the 1894 season with an overall record of 40–74, placing 8th in the Pennsylvania State League, playing under managers Charlie Levis, Bill Parks and Jim Randall. Philadelphia finished last, ending the season 26.0 games behind the 1st place Pottsville Colts.[36][37][38][39][40]

The Philadelphia Athletics played in two different leagues in 1896. The "Athletics" moniker returned, as Philadelphia continued play in the 1896 Pennsylvania State League. The Athletics had a record of 39–16, and were 2nd in the Pennsylvania League standings when league disbanded on June 11, 1896. Co–owner Bill Sharsig served as manager and the Philadelphia franchise soon joined another league in 1986.[41][42][43][44][45]

Atlantic League (1896–1897, 1900)Edit

The 1896 Philadelphia Athletics joined in the first season of play for the eight–team Class B level Atlantic League after the Pennsylvania State League folded. The Athletics became members on July 13, 1886, when the New York Metropolitans (30–32) were "expelled" from the Atlantic League and immediately replaced by the Philadelphia Athletics. Inheriting the New York record, the Athletics continued play to finish with an overall record of 57–69, placing 4th in the Athletic League standings, finishing 13.0 games behind the champion Newark Colts. John Irwin and Bill Sharsig were the New York/Philadelphia team managers as Sharsig managed the 1896 Philadelphia teams in both leagues.[46][47][48][44][45]

The Philadelphia Athletics continued play in the 1897 Atlantic League. The Athletics ended the 1897 season with a record of 49–89, placing 7th in the Atlantic League standings, finishing 43.0 games behind the 1st place Lancaster Maroons. The Athletics played under returning co–owner/manager Bill Sharsig.[49][50][48][51][45]

After a two season hiatus, the Philadelphia Athletics returned to Atlantic League play in 1900, which proved to be their final minor league season. The 1900 Philadelphia Athletics lasted only a partial season. On June 4, 1900, the Philadelphia Athletics had a 10–11 record when the franchise moved to Harrisburg, Pennsylvania. On June 14, 1900, the team was 0–6 in Harrisburg, with an overall record of 10–17, 5th in the standings under manager Duff Cooley when the Atlantic League disbanded for the season. Baseball Hall of Fame member Hughie Jennings played for the 1900 Philadelphia Athletics.[52][53][48][54][55]

The Philadelphia Athletics began play in the 1901 American League, evolving into the Kansas City Athletics and today's Oakland Athletics.[56]

The ballparksEdit

The 1881 minor league Athletics were noted to have played minor league home tames at Oakdale Park. Oakdale Park was located at Huntingdon Street (North), 11th Street (East), Cumberland Street (South), and 12th Street (West), Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. The site is still a public park today.[14][15][57][58][59][60][55]

The minor league Philadelphia Phillies were referenced to have played home games at Recreation Park in 1882. Also called Columbia Park (1866–1875) and Centennial Park (1875–1883), the ballpark was located at 24th Street & Ridge Avenue and 25th Street & Columbia Avenue, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.[14][21][60][61]

Despite sources claims that the 1892 Athletics played their meager home season at Forepaugh Park, local newspapers indicate all of their home games were played at Philadelphia Park.

TimelineEdit

Year(s) # Yrs. Team Level League
1877 (1) 1 Philadelphia Defiance Independent League Alliance
1877 (2) 1 Philadelphia Athletics
1881 (1) 1 Eastern Association
1881 (2) 1 Philadelphia Phillies
1882 1 League Alliance
1889 1 Philadelphia Giants Middle States League
1892 1 Philadelphia Athletics Class A Eastern League
1894 1 Philadelphia Colts Independent Pennsylvania State League
1896(1) 1 Philadelphia Athletics
1896(2) 1 Class B Atlantic League
1897 1 Class A
1900 1 Class B

Notable alumniEdit

Baseball Hall of Fame alumniEdit

Notable alumniEdit

See alsoEdit

Philadelphia Athletics (minor league) players
Philadelphia Phillies (minor league) players
Philadelphia (minor league baseball) players
Philadelphia Athletic players
Philadelphia Defiance players
Philadelphia Colts players
Philadelphia Giants (Middle States League) players

 
Harry Stovey, Philadelphia Athletics, baseball card portrait LCCN2008675120

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Philadelphia Athletic Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com.
  2. ^ "Philadelphia Athletic Team History & Encyclopedia". Baseball-Reference.com.
  3. ^ https://sabr.org/bioproj/topic/the-league-alliance/
  4. ^ a b https://sabr.org/bioproj/topic/the-league-alliance/
  5. ^ "1877 Philadelphia Athletics Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  6. ^ "1877 League Alliance (LA) on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  7. ^ "1877 League Alliance (LA) Standings on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  8. ^ "1877 Philadelphia Athletic Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  9. ^ "1877 Philadelphia Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  10. ^ "1877 Philadelphia Defiance Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  11. ^ "1881 Philadelphia Athletics Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  12. ^ "1881 Eastern Association (EA) on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  13. ^ "1881 Eastern Association (EA) Standings on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  14. ^ a b c d https://sabr.org/journal/article/philadelphia-in-the-1882-league-alliance/
  15. ^ a b c d https://sabr.org/journal/article/philadelphia-in-the-1881-eastern-championship-association/
  16. ^ a b "Eastern Association - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com.
  17. ^ "1881 Philadelphia Athletics Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  18. ^ "1881 Philadelphia Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  19. ^ "1882 Philadelphia Phillies Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  20. ^ "1882 League Alliance (LA) on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  21. ^ a b https://sabr.org/journal/article/the-early-years-of-philadelphia-baseball/
  22. ^ "League Alliance (No Classification) Encyclopedia and History". Baseball-Reference.com.
  23. ^ "1882 Philadelphia Phillies Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  24. ^ "1883 Philadelphia Quakers Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  25. ^ "1889 Philadelphia Giants Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  26. ^ "1889 Middle States League (MSL) Standings on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  27. ^ "Middle States League (MSL) Standings on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  28. ^ "1889 Philadelphia Giants Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  29. ^ "Middle States League - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com.
  30. ^ "Middle States League". Baseball History Daily.
  31. ^ "1892 Philadelphia Athletics Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  32. ^ "1892 Eastern League (EL) Standings on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  33. ^ "Philadelphia Reserves - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com.
  34. ^ "Eastern League - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com.
  35. ^ "1892 Philadelphia Athletics Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  36. ^ "1894 Easton/Philadelphia Colts Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  37. ^ "1894 Pennsylvania State League (PSL) Standings on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  38. ^ "Pennsylvania State League - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com.
  39. ^ "Philadelphia Colts - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com.
  40. ^ "1894 Philadelphia Colts Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  41. ^ "1896 Philadelphia Athletics Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  42. ^ "1896 Pennsylvania State League (PSL) Standings on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  43. ^ "Pennsylvania State League (No Classification) Encyclopedia and History". Baseball-Reference.com.
  44. ^ a b "1896 Philadelphia Athletics Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  45. ^ a b c Shiffert, John (October 11, 2006). Base Ball in Philadelphia: A History of the Early Game, 1831-1900. McFarland. ISBN 9780786427956 – via Google Books.
  46. ^ "1896 New York Metropolitans/Philadelphia Athletics Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  47. ^ "1896 Atlantic League (AL) Standings on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  48. ^ a b c "Atlantic League - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com.
  49. ^ "1897 Philadelphia Athletics Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  50. ^ "1897 Atlantic League (AL) Standings on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  51. ^ "1897 Philadelphia Athletics Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  52. ^ "1900 Philadelphia Athletics/Harrisburg Roster on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  53. ^ "1900 Atlantic League (AL) on StatsCrew.com". www.statscrew.com.
  54. ^ "1900 Philadelphia Athletics/Harrisburg Ponies Statistics". Baseball-Reference.com.
  55. ^ a b "Hughie Jennings Minor Leagues Statistics & History". Baseball-Reference.com.
  56. ^ "Philadelphia, PA - BR Bullpen". www.baseball-reference.com.
  57. ^ "Oakdale Park". www.retrosheet.org.
  58. ^ "Oakdale Park". www.projectballpark.org.
  59. ^ "Oakdale Park City Atlas of Philadelphia, 21st & 28th Wards, 1875 v2".
  60. ^ a b Westcott, Rick (1996). Philadelphia's Old Ballparks. Temple University Press. p. 9. ISBN 1-56639-454-6. Retrieved April 22, 2010.
  61. ^ "Recreation Park". www.projectballpark.org.

External linksEdit