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Pental Island is a rural locality in Victoria, Australia, bordering Swan Hill, Victoria in the north. It is an island bounded by the Murray River in the north and the Little Murray River in the south; the Little Murray diverging from the Murray at Fish Point and converging at Swan Hill. Pental Island is also a parish of the County of Tatchera and the boundaries of the three entities are identical. At the 2006 census, Pental Island had a population of 380.[1]

Pental Island
Pental Island Bridge at Swan Hill.jpg
Pental Island Bridge at Swan Hill
Pental Island is located in Rural City of Swan Hill
Pental Island
Pental Island
Coordinates35°25′S 143°45′E / 35.417°S 143.750°E / -35.417; 143.750Coordinates: 35°25′S 143°45′E / 35.417°S 143.750°E / -35.417; 143.750
Population380 (2006 census)[1]
LGA(s)Rural City of Swan Hill
Localities around Pental Island:
Swan Hill New South Wales New South Wales
Castle Donnington Pental Island New South Wales
Lake Boga Fish Point Benjeroop

Two bridges allow access to the island from Victoria, on Pental Island Road at Swan Hill in the west, and on Fish Point Road at Fish Point in the east. There are no crossings to the island over the Murray from New South Wales.

Boundary disputeEdit

Pental Island is one of two areas (the other is Beveridge Island) which were the subject of border disputes between the states of Victoria and New South Wales. When the Murray was opened for navigation the question arose as to whether all navigable channels were part of New South Wales, as claimed by that state, or whether the Little Murray River was a continuation of the Loddon River enclosing Pental Island as claimed by Victoria. The dispute was raised in 1871 and was resolved in favour of Victoria by the Judicial Committee, with no detailed reasons given.[2][3]


  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Pental Island (State Suburb)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 27 June 2010.
  2. ^ Campbell, Enid (1971). "Suits between the governments of a federation" (PDF). Sydney Law Review. 6 (3): 331–332. Retrieved 19 November 2017.
  3. ^ Moore, William Harrison (1904). "The Case of Pental Island". Law Quarterly Review. 20 (3): 236.

External linksEdit

  • County of Tatchera, Cadastral map showing county and parish boundaries, categories of lands holdings and reserves., 1880s. National Library of Australia