Patrick McGuinness (born 1968) is a British academic, critic, novelist, and poet. He is Professor of French and Comparative Literature at the University of Oxford, where he is Fellow and Tutor at St Anne's College.
|Born||1968 (age 51–52)|
|Occupation||Poet, writer, academic, literary critic|
|Children||Osian McGuinness, Mari McGuinness|
Born in Tunisia in 1968 to a Belgian French-speaking mother and an English father of Irish descent, he grew up in Belgium and also lived for periods in Venezuela, Iran, Romania and the UK. He currently lives in Oxford and in Wales, with his family.
McGuinness's production is divided between academic literary criticism and poetry. His first novel, The Last Hundred Days (Seren, 2011) was centred on the end of the Ceaușescus' regime in Romania, and was nominated for the Man Booker Prize; a French version was published under the title Les Cent Derniers Jours.
Literary criticism and academic workEdit
Patrick McGuinness teaches French and Comparative Literature at St Anne's College, Oxford. Among his academic publications there is a study of T. E. Hulme, an English literary critic and poet who was influenced by Bergson and who, in turn, had a strong influence on English modernism. He has also translated Stéphane Mallarmé, a major symbolist poet, and edited an anthology in French of symbolist and decadent poetry.
McGuinness has also edited two volumes of the Argentinian-Welsh poet and novelist Lynette Roberts, highly appreciated by T. S. Eliot and Robert Graves. According to McGuinness, Roberts is "one of the greatest female war poets" whose works "constitutes one of the most imaginative poetic responses to modern war and the home front in the English language." McGuinness writes about Lynette Roberts:
In her commitment to describing the life of women, she shares something with the great women modernists such as Mina Loy and Hilda Doolittle. Her poetry deserves to stand alongside the work of Pound and Bunting and Eliot, but perhaps the only Welsh writer to whom she can be compared is her fellow epic poet David Jones, whose work she knew and admired.— Patrick McGuinness, New Welsh Writing. Rediscovering a modernist classic: Lynette Roberts
Poetry and novelEdit
First sip: gentle as a stream overreaching,
supple as a rope-bridge in the air;
The second, long as the creak of floorboards,
firm as a leg-iron clasp;
The third, sudden as the trap door beneath you,
the rudderless slide back to thirst.
From Jilted City (2010)
McGuinness published his first poetry collection, The Canals of Mars, in 2004. The book was translated into Italian (2006). In 2009 Alexandra Buchler and Eva Klimentova translated McGuinness' poems from The Canals of Mars and 19th Century Blues into Czech
In 2007 he published a poetry pamphlet, 19th Century Blues, which was a winner in The Poetry Business Book & Pamphlet Competition 2006.
His latest poetry collection is Jilted City, whose leitmotif is memory, the jilted city, the cité trahie. A sequence in the book called Blue Guide is about the train journeys made by the young McGuinness on the historic railway line, la ligne 162, between Brussels and Luxembourg. This sequence has been translated into French by Gilles Ortlieb, in the review Théodore Balmoral. The whole collection has been translated into Italian by Giorgia Sensi and published with the title L'età della sedia vuota, the title of one of the poems in the book, as a homage to the female experience and perspective of war, an empty chair on the beach as a symbol of a violent and irrational absence.
Patrick McGuinness's first novel, The Last Hundred Days, was nominated for the Man Booker Prize in 2011. A thriller dealing with the collapse of communism, it is set in Ceaușescu's Romania, one of the most paranoid totalitarian regimes where spying on the citizens' private lives threatens all human relationships. The protagonist is an English student teaching in Bucharest, where McGuinness himself lived in the years leading up to the revolution.
- 1998 Eric Gregory Award
- 2001 Levinson Prize
- 2005 Roland Mathias Prize, shortlist, The Canals of Mars
- 2006 Poetry Business Competition, 19th Century Blues
- 2009 Chevalier dans l'Ordre des Palmes Académiques
- 2011 Costa Book Awards, shortlist, The Last Hundred Days
- 2012 Chevalier des Arts et des Lettres
- 2012 Winner Wales Book of the Year Award for The Last Hundred Days
- 2012 Winner Writers’ Guild Award for Fiction for The Last Hundred Days.
- 2012 Winner Prix du Premier Roman Etranger for French translation of The Last Hundred Days.
- 2012 Finalist of Prix Médicis étranger for Les cent derniers jours.
- 2012 Finalist of Prix Femina étranger for Les cent derniers jours.
- 2014 Winner of Duff Cooper Prize for Other People's Countries
- T. E. Hulme: Selected Writings (Carcanet Press/Routledge USA, 1998, 2003) ISBN 978-1-85754-722-1
- New Poetries II, an anthology, edited by Michael Schmidt, Carcanet, 1999, pp. 70–76 ISBN 1-85754-349-1
- Maurice Maeterlinck and the Making of Modern Theatre Oxford University Press, 1999 ISBN 0-19-815977-3
- Symbolism, Decadence and the 'Fin de Siècle': French and European Perspectives (editor) University of Exeter Press, 2000 ISBN 978-0-85989-646-7
- Anthologie de la Poésie Symboliste et Décadente (editor) Les Belles Lettres (France), 2001 ISBN 978-2-251-44365-2
- J-K Huysmans' Against Nature (editor) Penguin, 2003 ISBN 978-0-14-044763-7
- S.Mallarmé For Anatole's Tomb (translator) Carcanet, 2003, ISBN 978-1-85754-636-1
- Marcel Schwob, Oeuvres (editor) Les Belles Lettres (France), 2003 ISBN 978-2-251-44220-4
- The Canals of Mars Carcanet, 2004, ISBN 1-85754-772-1
- Lynette Roberts: Collected Poems (editor) Carcanet, 2005, ISBN 1-85754-842-6
- I canali di Marte edited and translated by Giorgia Sensi, Mobydick, 2006, ISBN 978-88-8178-335-9
- 19th Century Blues Smith/Doorstop, 2007, ISBN 978-1-902382-88-3
- Lynette Roberts: Diaries, Letters and Recollections, (editor) Carcanet, 2009, ISBN 978-1-85754-856-3
- Jilted City Carcanet, 2010, ISBN 978-1-85754-968-3
- L'età della sedia vuota, (original title Jilted City) ed. and transl. by Giorgia Sensi, Il Ponte del Sale, Rovigo, 2011, ISBN 88-89615-17-6
- The Last Hundred Days, Seren, 2011, ISBN 978-1-85411-541-6
- Other People's Countries: A Journey into Memory, Jonathan Cape, 2014 ISBN 978-0-224-09830-4
- Poetry and Radical Politics in Fin de Siecle France: From Anarchism to Action Francaise, OUP, 2015
- Throw me to the Wolves, Jonathan Cape, 2019, ISBN 978-1787331464
- "Candidates". Plaid Cymru. Retrieved 26 May 2019.
- Adrian Tahourdin (24 October 2013). "'The Last Hundred Days'". TLS. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- T E Hulme: Selected Writings, Carcanet, 1998
- For Anatole's Tomb, Carcanet, 2003
- Anthologie de la Poésie Symboliste et Décadente, Les Belles Lettres, France, 2001
- Marcel Schwob, Œuvres, Les Belles Lettres, France, 2003
- J K Huysmans, Against Nature, Penguin, 2003
- Patrick McGuinness, "New Welsh Writing. Rediscovering a modernist classic: Lynette Roberts (1909–1995)"
- The poem Daytime Drinking is also published in the Poems on the Vaporetto Archived 2 April 2012 at the Wayback Machine series in Venice, n. 54.
- Wales Literature Exchange The Canals of Mars Archived 25 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine
- Patrick McGuinness, Černá skřínka Periplum, 2009. ISBN 978-80-86624-51-8.
- 19th Century Blues, Smith/Doorstop Books, 2007
- Sean O'Brien, "Jilted City by Patrick McGuinness" in The Guardian, 29 May 2010
- L'età della sedia vuota, cura e traduzione di Giorgia Sensi, edizioni Il ponte del sale, Rovigo, 2011
- The Age of the Empty Chair, inspired by Monet's painting The Beach at Trouville
- James Purdon, "The Last Hundred Days by Patrick McGuinness. Ceausescu's Bucharest falls again in a vivid semi-autobiographical novel" in The Guardian 14 August 2011