Pascal Affi N'Guessan

Pascal Affi N'Guessan (born 1 January 1953) is an Ivorian politician who is the President of the Ivorian Popular Front (FPI).[1] He was the Prime Minister of Ivory Coast from 27 October 2000 to 10 February 2003.

Pascal Affi N'Guessan
5th Prime Minister of the Ivory Coast
In office
27 October 2000 – 10 February 2003
PresidentLaurent Gbagbo
Preceded bySeydou Diarra
Succeeded bySeydou Diarra
President of the Ivorian Popular Front
Assumed office
22 July 2001
Personal details
Born (1953-01-01) 1 January 1953 (age 68)
Bouadikro, Bongouanou, Ivory Coast
Political partyIvorian Popular Front


N'Guessan was born in Bouadikro in the sub-prefecture of Bongouanou.[1][2] In 1986, he joined the FPI.[3] He was Mayor of Bongouanou from 1990 to 1996[1][2] and Vice-President of the Union of Towns and Communes of Côte d'Ivoire (UVICOCI) from 1990 to 1995.[1]

Political careerEdit

N'Guessan joined the Secretariat-General of the FPI in 1990, and in 1994 he became Deputy Secretary-General.[3] In January 2000, after a military coup in December 1999, he became Minister of Industry and Tourism under military leader Robert Gueï,[1][2] serving in that position until October 2000.[1] N'Guessan was the campaign director for FPI candidate Laurent Gbagbo in the October 2000 presidential election,[1][2] and after Gbagbo's victory he was appointed Prime Minister.[1]

Gbagbo was constitutionally barred from being party leader after he became president, and at the FPI's Third Extraordinary Congress, held from 20 to 22 July 2001, N'Guessan was elected as President of the FPI, receiving 94.55% of the vote.[3] He was elected as a Vice-President of the Socialist International at its 22nd Congress, held from 27 to 29 October 2003 in São Paulo, Brazil.[4]

Following the overthrow of the Gbagbo regime in April 2011 by forces loyal to Alassane Ouattara backed by French and UN forces, N'Guessan was arrested and held at a detention centre in Bouna, north-east Ivory Coast.

On 8 August 2015, N'Guessan was designated as the FPI's presidential candidate for the October 2015 presidential election. He denounced the incarceration of Gbagbo by the International Criminal Court and political conditions under Ouattara: "Peace isn't only the silence of weapons. Can we say that Ivory Coast is in peace when President Gbagbo is in The Hague? With hundreds of political prisoners in jail, Ivory Coast is not in peace." Some hardliners in the FPI did not want to participate in elections as long as Gbagbo remained imprisoned, but others felt the party needed to remain engaged in the electoral process.[5]

In the December 2016 parliamentary election, N'Guessan was elected to the National Assembly as an FPI candidate in Bongouanou Department, receiving 59% of the vote.[6]

He was arrested during the night of 6 to 7 November, shortly after the 2020 Ivorian presidential election. He was allegedly arrested for forming a rival government to that of President Alassane Ouattara.[7]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Profile at N'Guessan's website (in French).
  2. ^ a b c d "Les ambitions de Pascal Affi N'Guessan", Jeune Afrique, 16 October 2001 (in French).
  3. ^ a b c Tidiane Dioh, "Le FPI en ordre de bataille", Jeune Afrique, 31 July 2001 (in French).
  4. ^ Presidium of the Socialist International elected at its 22nd Congress Archived 7 August 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  5. ^ "Gbagbo's FPI picks presidential hopeful after years of boycotts", Reuters, 8 August 2015.
  6. ^ "Élection des députés à l'Assemblée nationale. Scrutin du 18 décembre 2016. Résultat national" Archived 21 December 2016 at the Wayback Machine, Independent Electoral Commission, page 21.
  7. ^ "Ivory Coast opposition leader arrested for rival government". Al Jazeera. 7 November 2020. Archived from the original on 7 November 2020.

External linksEdit

Preceded by
Seydou Diarra
Prime Minister of Côte d'Ivoire
Succeeded by
Seydou Diarra