Its first issue came out on 4 October 1923. After 11 June 1940, the same publisher, Jean Prouvost, continued its publication in Vichy France: Clermont-Ferrand, Lyon, Marseille, and Vichy while in occupied Paris, it was published under German control from 22 June 1940 until 17 August 1944. Immediately prior to the occupation of Paris, Paris-Soir boasted a circulation of two and a half million - the largest circulation of any newspaper in Europe at that time.
From the first news of the Allied landing, the editorial staff secretly returned to Paris. Before the end of fighting in Paris on 20 August, journalists in the French Resistance accompanied by French Forces of the Interior occupied Paris-Soir's building, armed with requisition orders. The Popular, Le Franc-Tireur, Combat, Le Parisien Libéré, all newspapers close to the resistance, were published using Paris-Soir's presses. The building of Paris-Soir was occupied by Ce Soir, Libération and Front national. Paris-Soir's management departed and its leaders were arrested by the FFI. Jean Prouvost went into hiding to avoid arrest. The archives of Paris-Soir, held in Paris, were however saved.
A Sunday edition, Paris-soir dimanche was published from 22 December 1935 until 16 September 1939.