Papyrus 23 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), designated by 23, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Epistle of James, it contains only James 1:10-12,15-18. The manuscript paleographically has been assigned to the early 3rd century.
|New Testament manuscript|
|Name||P. Oxy. X 1229|
|Text||James 1 †|
|Now at||University of Illinois|
|Cite||B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri’' X, (London 1914), pp. 16-18|
|Size||12.1 x 11.2 cm|
The Nomina sacra are written fully, abbreviations are used only at the end of lines. There has been noticed the occurrence of the ungrammatical αποσκιασματος found also in Codex Sinaiticus and Vaticanus in James 1:17.
The Greek text of this codex is a representative of the Alexandrian text-type (or rather proto-Alexandrian). Aland placed it in Category I. This manuscript displays the greatest agreement with codices א A C, which represent the best text of the Catholic epistles, and then with Codex Vaticanus and Papyrus 74.
- Comfort, Philip W.; David P. Barrett (2001). The Text of the Earliest New Testament Greek Manuscripts. Wheaton, Illinois: Tyndale House Publishers. p. 111. ISBN 978-0-8423-5265-9.
- B. P. Grenfell & A. S. Hunt, Oxyrynchus Papyri X, (London 1914), p. 16.
- Aland, Kurt; Aland, Barbara (1995). The Text of the New Testament: An Introduction to the Critical Editions and to the Theory and Practice of Modern Textual Criticism. Erroll F. Rhodes (trans.). Grand Rapids: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company. p. 97. ISBN 978-0-8028-4098-1.
- "Liste Handschriften". Münster: Institute for New Testament Textual Research. Retrieved 23 August 2011.
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