Pampachiri

  (Redirected from Pampachiri District)

Pampachiri is a rural district in Andahuaylas Province in the Apurímac Region of southern Peru. It is also the name of a village in the district. The population of the district is about 2,400 with about 1,000 of those residents living in the village of the same name.

Pampachiri
Coordinates: 14°11′S 73°33′W / 14.183°S 73.550°W / -14.183; -73.550Coordinates: 14°11′S 73°33′W / 14.183°S 73.550°W / -14.183; -73.550
Country Peru
RegionApurímac
ProvinceAndahuaylas
CapitalPampachiri
Government
 • MayorWilfredo Cirilo Chipana Fernandez
Area
 • Total602.5 km2 (232.6 sq mi)
Elevation
3,362 m (11,030 ft)
Population
 • Total2,948
 • Density4.9/km2 (13/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-5 (PET)
UBIGEO030210

Before the Spanish conquest, it was populated by the Inca, Chanka and Wari peoples who have left numerous archeological sites in the area. There exist populations of pumas, condors and many other rare animals and plants.

It is an area of outstanding natural beauty. High in the puna area is Panqulla, a spectacular stone forest which is an unusual geological phenomenon of volcanic rocks in the shape of large smooth cones.

It is situated on the Puquio to Andahuaylas Highway which as of 2010 is still unpaved. The main economic activities of the population are subsistence agriculture and cattle raising (lowlands) and alpaca and vicuña husbandry (highlands). Typical crops grown in Pampachiri include potatoes, corn, alfalfa, and tuna, the fruit of the cactus indigenous to the region. It is one of the poorest districts of Peru, with a typical family income of under US$1000 a year.

GeographyEdit

One of the highest peaks of the district is Sutaya at approximately 4,900 m (16,100 ft). Other mountains are listed below:[1]

  • Aka P'ukru
  • Anta Q'asa
  • Chakra Pata
  • Chawpi Urqu
  • Chunta
  • Chuntani
  • Chupa
  • Ch'uch'u Wanqa
  • Ichhu Urqu
  • Kachin Chilla
  • Karka Suntu
  • Kuntur Phaqcha
  • Kunturillu
  • Liwa Q'asa
  • Ñawpa Llaqta
  • Panqulla
  • Paryasqa
  • Pirwachayuq Pata
  • Puka Qaqa
  • P'unqu Q'asa
  • Qala Pata
  • Qucha Qucha
  • Quri Mina
  • Q'illu Q'illu
  • Ruphasqa
  • Sara Sara
  • Saywa Pata
  • Sirka Muqu
  • Sirkata
  • Sura Pata
  • Urmay
  • Wachwalla
  • Wansu
  • Waraqu Pata
  • Waych'ayuq
  • Yuraq Qaqa

Ethnic groupsEdit

The people in the district are mainly indigenous citizens of Quechua descent. Quechua is the language which the majority of the population (69.69%) learnt to speak in childhood, 29.91% of the residents started speaking using the Spanish language (2007 Peru Census).[2]

SourcesEdit

  1. ^ escale.minedu.gob.pe/ UGEL map Andahuaylas Province (Apurímac Region)
  2. ^ inei.gob.pe Archived 2013-01-27 at the Wayback Machine INEI, Peru, Censos Nacionales 2007, Frequencias: Preguntas de Población