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The Pallas family (adj. Palladian; FIN: 801) is a small asteroid family of B-type asteroids at very high inclinations in the intermediate asteroid belt.[1][2]

The namesake of the family is 2 Pallas, an extremely large asteroid with a mean diameter of about 512 km.[3] The remaining bodies are far smaller; the largest is 5222 Ioffe with an estimated diameter of 22 km. This, along with the preponderance of the otherwise rare B spectral type among its members, indicates that this is likely a cratering family composed of ejecta from impacts on Pallas. Another suspected Palladian is 3200 Phaethon, the parent body of the Geminid meteor shower.[4] The family was first noted by Kiyotsugu Hirayama in 1928.

Location and structure of the Pallas family.

From the diagram, their proper orbital elements lie in the approximate ranges

ap ep ip
min 2.71 AU 0.25 32°
max 2.79 AU 0.31 34°

At the present epoch, the range of osculating orbital elements of the members (by comparison to the MPCORB database [1]) is about

a e i
min 2.71 AU 0.13 30°
max 2.79 AU 0.37 38°

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Cellino, A.; Bus, S. J.; Doressoundiram, A.; Lazzaro, D. (March 2002). "Spectroscopic Properties of Asteroid Families" (PDF). Asteroids III: 633–643. Bibcode:2002aste.book..633C. Retrieved 14 December 2018. (see Table on p.636)
  2. ^ Nesvorný, D.; Broz, M.; Carruba, V. (December 2014). "Identification and Dynamical Properties of Asteroid Families" (PDF). Asteroids IV: 297–321. arXiv:1502.01628. Bibcode:2015aste.book..297N. doi:10.2458/azu_uapress_9780816532131-ch016. Retrieved 23 June 2017.
  3. ^ Carry, Benoît; Dumas, Christophe; Kaasalainen, Mikko; Berthier, Jérôme; Merline, William J.; Erard, Stéphane; et al. (February 2010). "Physical properties of (2) Pallas" (PDF). Icarus. 205 (2): 460–472. arXiv:0912.3626. Bibcode:2010Icar..205..460C. doi:10.1016/j.icarus.2009.08.007. Retrieved 14 December 2018.
  4. ^ Jaggard, Victoria (12 October 2010). "Exploding Clays Drive Geminids Sky Show?". National Geographic. Retrieved 14 December 2018.