Pakistani general election, 1990
The Pakistan General elections, 1990 took place on 24 October 1990 to elect 217 MPs to the Pakistan Parliament, and resulted in surprise victory of Islamic Democratic Alliance (IJI), a massive conservative front led under the leadership of Nawaz Sharif. The IJI competed on campaigned for privatisation and social conservative polices, meanwhile the MQM, a liberal front, led under Altaf Hussain tightened its support in Sindh Province. The result was a victory for IJI, which won 106 of the 207 seats. Voter turnout was 45.5%. On 19 October 2012 the Supreme Court of Pakistan ruled on the 'Asghar Khan Petition' – a petition by Retd. Air Marshal Asghar Khan, heading up the Tehreek-i-Insaaf Party, requesting the court to probe into allegations that the 1990 elections were rigged. The court officially ruled that two Army Generals – Mirza Aslam Baig and Asad Durrani (Head of the ISI) – along with President Ghulam Ishaq Khan provided financial assistance to favoured parties. The motive, as was decreed by the SC, was to deliberately weaken the mandate of the Pakistan Peoples Party. It was believed that the PPP, led by Benazir Bhutto, was a liability to the nation.
207 of 237 seats in National Assembly
104 seats seats needed for a majority
|Turnout||45.5% ( 2.0%|
The Pakistan Peoples Party (PPP) led by Benazir Bhutto won a plurality of seats in the 1988 election and Bhutto became Prime Minister. However by 1990 there was discontent over rising lawlessness, allegations of corruption and the failure of the government to fulfill the promises it had made during the 1988 campaign.
The PPP ran in the election in a coalition with 3 parties as the People's Democratic Alliance.
By the start of the campaign reports suggested that Bhutto and the PDA were in a stronger position as the caretaker government failed to produce sufficient evidence to prove any charges against her.
The outgoing party, the PPP/PDA, lost the elections. IJI won the popular vote by a very narrow margin of only around 100,000 votes, but the narrow victory in the popular vote translated into 106 seats for IJI against the PDA's 44 seats. The popular argument regarding PDA's huge loss of seats is that the PDA's vote, despite being almost equal to that of IJI, was much more spread out whereas IJI's vote bank was more concentrated. This resulted in PDA candidates losing in IJI won seats by narrow margins.
|Islami Jamhoori Ittehad||7,908,513||37.4||106||+50|
|People's Democratic Alliance||7,795,218||36.8||44||New|
|Awami National Party||356,160||1.7||6||+4|
|Jamiat Ulema-e-Pakistan (Noorani)||310,953||1.5||3||New|
|Pakistan Awami Tehrik||237,492||1.1||0||New|
|Jamhoori Wattan Party||129,431||0.6||2||New|
|Pakistan National Party||127,287||0.6||2||+2|
|Pakhtun-khwa Milli Awami Party||73,635||0.3||1||New|
|Sindh National Front||51,990||0.2||0||New|
|Pakistan Democratic Party||51,645||0.2||0||0|
|Balochistan National Movement||51,297||0.2||0||New|
|Sindh National Alliance||31,125||0.1||0||New|
|13 other parties||64,470||0.3||0||–|
|Source: Nohlen et al.|
- Desk, Web (19 October 2012). "Asghar Khan case short order: Full text". The Express Tribune. Retrieved 8 November 2012.
- Dieter Nohlen, Florian Grotz & Christof Hartmann (2001) Elections in Asia: A data handbook, Volume I, p678 ISBN 0-19-924958-X
- Crossette, Barbara (6 May 1990). "Crime Weakens Support for Bhutto, Even in Her Traditional Power Base". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
- Crossette, Barbara (26 September 1990). "Karachi Journal; With the Chips Down, Bhutto's Ace Is Her Father". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
- Crossette, Barbara (21 September 1990). "Bhutto Gaining as Charges Remain Unproved". The New York Times. Retrieved 29 November 2008.
- "World". The Seattle Times. 23 October 1990. Retrieved 29 November 2008.