Octomeles

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Octomeles[2] is a monotypic genus of plant in family Tetramelaceae. The sole species is Octomeles sumatrana,[3][4] sometimes written O. sumatranum.[5]

Octomeles
Benuang (Octomeles sumatrana) big buttress (15473933249).jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Cucurbitales
Family: Tetramelaceae
Genus: Octomeles
Miq.
Species:
O. sumatrana
Binomial name
Octomeles sumatrana
Miq.

Octomeles sumatrana is found in Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Papua New Guinea, the Philippines, and the Solomon Islands. It and Tetrameles nudiflora are the only two species in the family Tetramelaceae. They were previously classified in the Datiscaceae but found genetically to not form a natural clade with the other members of that family.[6]

The tree is dioecious and large: reaching up to 75 m in height. A pioneer species, it regenerates quickly in disturbed habitats such as logged forest and previously-cultivated land.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ World Conservation Monitoring Centre 1998. Octomeles sumatrana. 2006 IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Downloaded on 22 August 2007.
  2. ^ Miquel FAW (1861) Flora van Nederlandsch Indië, Eerste bijvoegsel. C.G. van der Post, Amsterdam. Vol. 2: 151-336
  3. ^ TPL: Octomeles sumatrana Miq. (6 February 2018)
  4. ^ Tropicos: O. sumatrana Miq. (6 February 2018)
  5. ^ GBIF: Octomeles sumatranum Miq. (6 February 2018)
  6. ^ "Phylogenetic relationships in the order Cucurbitales and a new classification of the gourd family (Cucurbitaceae)" (PDF). Taxon. 60 (1): 122–38. 2011.