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No. 83 Expeditionary Air Group is a group within the Royal Air Force, currently based at Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar.

No. 83 Expeditionary Air Group
RAF 83 Expeditionary Air Group badge.png
Active1 April 1943 (1943-04-01) – 21 April 1946 (1946-04-21) 9 July 1952 (1952-07-09) – 16 June 1958 (1958-06-16) 1 April 2006 (2006-04-01) – present
CountryUnited Kingdom
BranchRoyal Air Force
TypeOperational headquarters
Part ofRAF Air Command
Home stationAl Udeid Air Base, Qatar
Motto(s)A Deux Plus Forts
(French for Two heads are better than one)[1]
Commanders
Air Officer Commanding
UK Air Component Commander

Air Commodore Justin Reuter

Originally formed in 1943, during the Second World War it formed part of the 2nd Tactical Air Force (2TAF) and was known as No. 83 (Composite) Group. It provided support to Allied forces during the liberation of Europe. After being disbanded in 1946 it was re-established as No. 83 Group in 1952 to lead the 2TAF's units in Germany, until it disbanded again in 1958.

On 1 April 2006 it was reformed as No. 83 Expeditionary Air Group Headquarters, to lead UK air operations in the Middle East. Activities include Operations Kipion (the UK's maritime presence in the Middle East) and Operation Shader (the UK's part of the military intervention against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL)).

HistoryEdit

No. 83 (Composite) GroupEdit

No. 83 (Composite) Group was formed on 1 April 1943 within the Second Tactical Air Force of the Royal Air Force. By the eve of the D-Day landings in June 1944 , No. 83 Group had grown to a strength of twenty-nine fighter, ground-attack and reconnaissance squadrons and four artillery observation squadrons, grouped into ten wings. At the time of Operation Market Garden in September 1944, the group consisted of the Royal Canadian Air Force's (RCAF) 39 Reconnaissance Wing, 121, 122, 123 and 143 Wings flying Hawker Typhoon fighter-bombers, 125 Wing with Supermarine Spitfire fighters, and the RCAF 126 and 127 Wings also flying Spitfires. No. 401 (Ram) Squadron with Spitfires was part of the group from 1943. The Group headquarters was at RAF Eindhoven from 1 October 1944 to 10 April 1945. The group was absorbed into No. 84 Group RAF on 21 April 1946.[2]

No. 83 GroupEdit

No. 83 Group was re-formed on 9 July 1952 within the Second Tactical Air Force in Germany to control its southern area. By 1956, the group controlled five wings with a total of fourteen squadrons equipped with Hawker Hunter day fighters, de Havilland Venom fighter-bombers, Supermarine Swift fighter-reconnaissance aircraft, Gloster Meteor night-fighters and English Electric Canberra interdiction and reconnaissance aircraft. It was disbanded again on 16 June 1958.[2]

Current operationsEdit

No. 83 Group was re-formed on 1 April 2006 from the UK Air Component Headquarters in the Middle East. It comprised No. 901 Expeditionary Air Wing in the Middle East and Bahrain and No. 902 Expeditionary Air Wing at Seeb in Oman. Since that time it has controlled a varying number of Expeditionary Air Wings. No. 83 Group is based at Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar.[3]

The Air Officer Commanding No. 83 Group is the Air Component Commander in the Middle East. He is responsible to the Permanent Joint Headquarters for the command and control of all RAF units engaged in Operations Kipion and Shader.[4]

It is currently in charge of:

901 Expeditionary Air Wing

  • Provides support to No. 83 EAG and home to Joint Force Communication and Information Systems (Middle East).[5]

902 Expeditionary Air Wing

903 Expeditionary Air Wing

906 Expeditionary Air Wing

CommandersEdit

1943 to 1946Edit

1952 to 1958Edit

2006 to presentEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pine, L G (1983). A dictionary of mottoes. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul. p. 1. ISBN 0-7100-9339-X.
  2. ^ a b "Groups 70 – 106". Air of Authority – A History of RAF Organisation. Archived from the original on 28 March 2010. Retrieved 1 June 2008. Cite uses deprecated parameter |dead-url= (help)
  3. ^ "Inside Mission Control: Directing The Air Campaign Against Islamic Statestate". Forces TV. Retrieved 20 September 2017.
  4. ^ "Welcome to 83 Expeditionary Air Group". RAF. Retrieved 23 February 2018.
  5. ^ "901 EAW". RAF. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  6. ^ "902 Expeditionary Air Wing". RAF. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  7. ^ "903 Expeditionary Air Wing". RAF. Retrieved 22 May 2015.
  8. ^ "Number 906 Expeditionary Air Wing". RAF. Retrieved 31 December 2017.
  9. ^ "Air Marshal Sir Ronald Lees". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 21 October 2014.
  10. ^ "Air Vice Marshal H A V Hogan". Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation. Retrieved 21 October 2014.

External linksEdit