Neiba

  (Redirected from Neyba)

Neiba (also spelt Neyba) is a city in the southwest of the Dominican Republic. It is the capital city of the Baoruco province, and is located 180 kilometres west of the national capital, Santo Domingo, close to the shore of Lake Enriquillo, the largest lake in the West Indies.

Neiba
Neyba
Municipal building of Neiba
Municipal building of Neiba
Coat of arms of Neiba
Neiba is located in the Dominican Republic
Neiba
Neiba
Location in the Dominican Republic
Coordinates: 18°29′24″N 71°25′12″W / 18.49000°N 71.42000°W / 18.49000; -71.42000
Country Dominican Republic
ProvinceBaoruco
Founded1735
Municipality1844
Area
 • Total275.33 km2 (106.31 sq mi)
Elevation10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2012)[3]
 • Total53,605
 • Density190/km2 (500/sq mi)
 • Demonym
Neibero(a)
Distance to
- Santo Domingo

230 km
Municipal Districts1
ClimateAw

HistoryEdit

Before the conquest and colonization of Hispaniola, the place was a nitainato belonging to the Chiefdom of Jaragua.

Founded in 1546 as a town from a cattle herd on the west side, years later it was depopulated together with the Villa de San Juan, being refounded in 1735 when it was repopulated and its neighbors enjoyed their lands that were from the Azua district.

On March 13, 1844, a confrontation between Haitian and Dominican troops took place in the municipality in the so-called Battle of the Baptism of Blood, held in the now municipality of Galván, Bahoruco Province.

The municipality was also the scene of the restoration struggles, where the first war day began with the assault on the Neyba command, an action led by Cayetano Velásquez.

 
Neiba, Dominican Republic streets.

A Law of the National Congress of the year 1942, elevated Neyba to the category of head of the Province of Bahoruco, being inaugurated on March 18, 1943, during the time of Trujillo. Date that is celebrated on March 10 by the inhabitants of the place, since it was on this date that the announcement was made.

EconomyEdit

The most important crops in the municipality are: coffee and grapes. The municipality of Neiba was the first to export coffee to alternative markets in Europe, and for the industrialization of the grape, a factory was built for the production of wine, must, alcohol and jam, with the advice of the Government of Italy and Spain.

 
Neiba, Dominican Republic town park with Juan Pablo Duarte statue.

The grape reaches the American continent on the second voyage of Christopher Columbus. Being introduced in Neiba. The first coffee seedlings were introduced in 1735 from Saint Domingue.

The table grape: Red Globe or Red Globe, is the innovation of the moment, from the installation of the Grape Cluster.

Besides, bananas, mangoes, beans, passion fruit, honey, pigeon peas, molondones are grown in a minority way.

ClimateEdit

Neiba has a hot semi-arid climate (Köppen: BSh)

Climate data for Neiba (1961-1990)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 38.0
(100.4)
37.2
(99.0)
38.0
(100.4)
38.5
(101.3)
38.3
(100.9)
39.0
(102.2)
38.5
(101.3)
40.0
(104.0)
39.5
(103.1)
38.0
(100.4)
38.0
(100.4)
36.0
(96.8)
40.0
(104.0)
Average high °C (°F) 31.7
(89.1)
32.1
(89.8)
33.2
(91.8)
33.8
(92.8)
33.6
(92.5)
33.6
(92.5)
34.5
(94.1)
34.6
(94.3)
34.3
(93.7)
33.8
(92.8)
32.8
(91.0)
31.8
(89.2)
33.3
(91.9)
Average low °C (°F) 19.4
(66.9)
20.0
(68.0)
21.0
(69.8)
21.7
(71.1)
22.2
(72.0)
22.7
(72.9)
23.0
(73.4)
23.0
(73.4)
22.6
(72.7)
22.1
(71.8)
21.4
(70.5)
19.9
(67.8)
21.6
(70.9)
Record low °C (°F) 13.5
(56.3)
14.0
(57.2)
14.2
(57.6)
15.0
(59.0)
14.5
(58.1)
15.0
(59.0)
13.0
(55.4)
15.0
(59.0)
16.0
(60.8)
15.0
(59.0)
16.5
(61.7)
14.5
(58.1)
13.0
(55.4)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 8.1
(0.32)
13.7
(0.54)
19.3
(0.76)
36.3
(1.43)
109.7
(4.32)
48.6
(1.91)
30.3
(1.19)
61.6
(2.43)
61.9
(2.44)
74.3
(2.93)
39.1
(1.54)
17.3
(0.68)
520.2
(20.48)
Average rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 1.4 1.2 2.3 3.9 6.5 4.5 2.3 4.6 5.4 6.2 3.1 1.7 43.1
Source: NOAA[4]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Superficies a nivel de municipios, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica Archived 2009-04-17 at the Wayback Machine
  2. ^ De la Fuente, Santiago (1976). Geografía Dominicana (in Spanish). Santo Domingo, Dominican Republic: Editora Colegial Quisqueyana.
  3. ^ Censo 2012 de Población y Vivienda, Oficina Nacional de Estadistica
  4. ^ "Neyba Climate Normals 1961-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved September 18, 2016.