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State Highway 73 (SH 73) is a major east-west South Island state highway in New Zealand connecting Christchurch on the east coast with Cass/Hokitika via the Southern Alps. It is mostly two lane, with some single-lane bridges north of Springfield but is mostly dual carriageway in Christchurch. The fourth and fifth-highest points of New Zealand's state highway network are on this road at Porters Pass and Arthur's Pass respectively.

State Highway 73 NZ.svg

State Highway 73
Route information
Maintained by NZ Transport Agency
Length231 km (144 mi)
Tourist
routes
Great Alpine Highway
Christchurch Ring Road
Inland Scenic Route between Sheffield and Waddington.
Major junctions
Northwest endState Highway 6 State Highway 6 NZ.svg at Kumara Junction, New Zealand
Southeast endCurletts Road/Christchurch Southern Motorway State Highway 75 NZ.svg/State Highway 76 NZ.svg at Middleton, New Zealand
Location
Primary
destinations
Kumara, Dillmanstown, Jacksons, Otira, Arthur's Pass, Bealey, Cass, Castle Hill Village, Springfield, Sheffield, Waddington, Darfield, Kirwee, Aylesbury, West Melton, Yaldhurst, Christchurch
Highway system
SH 71SH 74

Contents

HistoryEdit

The route connecting the West and East coasts of the South Island via the Southern Alps were known for hundreds of years by the Māori people, due to a flourishing pounamu trade. The Europeans were informed of the route by a local chief in the mid-19th century but was not used during his lifetime. In 1864, Arthur Dudley Dobson traversed from the east to the west coast from the Waimakariri River, thereby discovering Arthur's Pass. A route connecting Christchurch to Hokitika was fully completed in 1866, with the first Cobb & Co coach began operating that same year for the burgeoning gold rush.

 
SH 73 through Arthur's Pass

Construction of a rail link had started in 1890, and the Midland Line between Canterbury and the West Coast was finally completed on 4 August 1923, with the opening of the Otira Tunnel. This signalled the end of the Cobb & Co coach in New Zealand.[1] When the section of the line from Springfield to Broken River in Canterbury was opened in 1906, it was then possible to travel from Canterbury to the West Coast in a single day with a 40-mile (64 km) coach journey between the railheads at Broken River and Otira.

Due to the geography and topography between Springfield and Kumara, the road has been subjected to several closures and road realignments, with both Porters and Arthur's Pass subjected to frequent closures during the winter months. The road between Arthur's Pass and Otira in particular was amongst the most dangerous in the country, due to the road located on scree slopes which frequently gave way. As a result, numerous studies were conducted into alternative options for fixing the road around Candy's Bend, Starvation Point and the Zig Zag. Construction of the Otira Viaduct and the protective roofs from slips began in 1997 and opened in 1999.[2]

RouteEdit

Kumara Junction to ChristchurchEdit

State Highway 73 begins 11 km south of Greymouth at Kumara Junction. The highway passes through undulating farmland, scrubland and forest as it passes through the settlements of Kumara and Dillmanstown. The road veers sharply to the left as it approaches the mountains to the front of the road. The road then hugs the Taramakau River as it proceeds down the valley. At Jacksons, the Midland Line crosses the river and begins to run parallel to the road. Just before Aickens at the confluence of the Taramakau and Otira Rivers, the road and rail line veers to the right and runs to the south before reaching Otira.

 
The Otira Viaduct

Beyond Otira, the road breaks with the railway line and crosses the river before climbing up towards the Otira Viaduct and Arthur's Pass. At 920 metres, Arthur's Pass is the second highest pass on the road and is one of the three alpine passes connecting the east and west coasts. After peaking, the road descends into Arthur's Pass village with the railway line emerging from the Otira Tunnel nearby.

After the village, the road and rail line runs along the Bealey River valley and crosses the Waimakariri River before veering left and running parallel to both the river and the rail line on the opposite side. Before Cass, the road runs along a bluff and turns right to proceed past some more farmland as well as Lakes Grasmere and Pearson.

 
Castle Hill Village

The road then climbs up towards Castle Hill Village and runs through a valley before passing beside Lake Lyndon where it curves left before climbing up towards Porters Pass which, at 939 metres, is the highest point on the road. After cresting, the road descends into the Kowai River valley and runs roughly parallel with the river until it reaches Springfield.

 
The former Springfield doughnut with Mount Torlesse in the background

After Springfield, the road emerges onto the Canterbury Plains and runs straight through the settlements of Annat, Sheffield and Waddington before arriving at Darfield. The road then passes through the settlements of Kirwee, Aylesbury and West Melton as well as dairy and lifestyle farms characteristic of the plains. The road passes by Paparua Prison and arrives in Christchurch via Yaldhurst.[3]

ChristchurchEdit

As Yaldhurst Road, the proceeds in an easterly direction towards Riccarton. The road widens to four lanes at Avonhead, but by Curletts Road/Peer Street, the highway turns right (while Yaldhurst Road becomes Riccarton Road and heads towards the city centre).

As Curletts Road, the road temporarily reverts to two lanes divided by a flush median. After Blenheim Road, however the road widens again, crosses over the Main South Line and eventually terminates at the Christchurch Southern Motorway (SH 76).

Route changesEdit

Over the past 40 years SH 73 has been subjected to several route changes both in the Christchurch and the Arthur's Pass-Otira areas. In the early years SH 73 originally ended at the Blenheim Road and Hansons Lane corner in Upper Riccarton. In 1999, one of the worst sections of highway in the country (around Candy's Bend) were replaced with the Otira Viaduct. Meanwhile, in Christchurch, since SH 1 was rerouted to bypass the CBD, SH 73 was extended to Brougham Street/Waltham Road intersection, with the rest of the route covered by SH 74.

In 2004, with SH 74 being rerouted to run along the Ring Road and the entire length of Tunnel Road instead of through the CBD, SH 73 was extended further to the Port Hills Road interchange on SH 74. It was also rerouted from the intersection of Blenheim Road to follow Curletts Road and Yaldhurst Road, instead of via Main South Road through Hornby, meeting back again with SH 1 at the intersection of Masham and Russley Roads.[4]

As of December 2012, with the extension of the Christchurch Southern Motorway, the section of SH 73 east of Curletts Road was re-gazetted as SH 76 in line with the new motorway extension.

Former spur sectionsEdit

State Highway 73A was a spur section of SH 73 connecting the suburbs of Hornby, New Zealand and Sockburn, New Zealand via Main South Road and Blenheim Road. Before 2004 it formed part of the old route of SH 73 and further before that SH 1. It was one of the few state highways in New Zealand to be wholly dual carriageway. In 2014, the entire highway has been revoked due to completion of the Christchurch Southern Motorway (gazetted SH 76 in 2012) which runs almost parallel to this route.[5]

Major junctionsEdit

Territorial authority Location km jct Destinations Notes
Christchurch City Middelton 0     SH 75Akaroa
  SH 76 west (Christchurch Southern Motorway) – Timaru
SH 73 begins
    SH 76 east (Christchurch Southern Motorway) – City Centre, Lyttelton
  (Lunns Road)
  (Parkhouse Road)
Upper Riccarton 1   (Blenheim Road) – Sockburn, Hornby, Riccarton, City Centre
  (Main South Road) – Sockburn, Church Corner
  (Peer Street) – Ilam
(Yaldhurst Road) – Riccarton, City Centre
  (Middlepark Road)
Avonhead   (Avonhead Road)
Russley 5     SH 1 south – Hornby, Timaru
   SH 1 north – Belfast, Picton
Yaldhurst   (Sir John McKenzie Avenue)
  (Pound Road) – Templeton
  (Old West Coast Road) – Waddington
  (Buchanans Road) – Hei Hei
West Melton 15   (Chattertons Road/Dawsons Road)
Selwyn District
  (Weedons Ross Road) – Rolleston, Timaru ( )
(West Melton Road)
Aylesbury   (Bealey Road/Aylesbury Road) – Burnham
(Station Road)
Kirwee   Midland Line
Darfield   (Bray Street) – Rakaia, Timaru ( )
41     SH 77 (Bangor Road) – Mount Hutt, Methven, Ashburton
Waddington     Inland Scenic Route (Deans Road) – Mount Hutt, Methven, Ashburton
52     Inland Scenic Route (Waimakariri Gorge Road) – Oxford, Rangiora, Amberley
Springfield 68   Kowai River – Bridge #1
Porters Pass 81 Porters Pass (939 m (3,081 ft))
90   Porter River
Castle Hill Village   (Castle Hill Drive) – Castle Hill Village
Cass   (Mount White Road)
Bealey 131   Broad Stream
133   Bruce Stream
136   Waimakariri River – Bealey Bridge
Arthur's Pass 145   Rough Creek
151 Arthur's Pass (920 m (3,020 ft))
Westland District
Otira 153   Otira Viaduct
156   Otira River – Yorkeys Point Bridge
159   Otira River
165   Kellys Creek
165   Midland Line
Jacksons   Midland Line
174   Rocky Creek Bridge
  (Lake Brunner Road) – Moana, Stillwater, Greymouth via Lake Brunner
Turiwhate 191   Taipo River
197   Big Waihinihini River Bridge
Kumara Junction 226  
 
Hokitika Line
  SH 6 south – Hokitika, Haast, New Zealand
  SH 6 north Greymouth, Westport
Rail line bisects roundabout
SH 73 ends

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • Churchman, Geoffrey B (1991). On the Trans-Alpine Trail: A Travel Guide to State Highway 73 and the Midland Railway. Johnsonville, Wellington: IPL Books. ISBN 0-908876-73-4.

External linksEdit