Naufraga balearica

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Naufraga balearica is an extremely rare species of flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, and the only species in the genus Naufraga.[3] It is endemic to the Spanish island of Majorca, where it is found only at the base of cliffs at the north of the island near Pollença.[3][4] A population was discovered on Corsica in 1981, but it had died out by 1983, and it is not clear whether it arrived naturally.[3] Its natural habitats are Mediterranean-type shrubby vegetation (known as 'matorral') and rocky shores.[1]

Naufraga balearica
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Subfamily: Apioideae
Tribe: Apieae
Genus: Naufraga
Constance & Cannon
N. balearica
Binomial name
Naufraga balearica
Constance & Cannon[2]

It was first described as a new species in 1967.[2]

It was classified as 'critically endangered' in the IUCN Red List in 2006.[1] In the European Union it has been designated as a 'priority species' under Annex II of the Habitats Directive since 1992, which means areas in which it occurs can be declared Special Areas of Conservation, if these areas belong to one of the number of habitats listed in Annex I of the directive.[5]


  1. ^ a b c Moreno Saiz, J.C. (2011). "Naufraga balearica". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2011: e.T61615A12523408. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2011-1.RLTS.T61615A12523408.en. Retrieved 12 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Naufraga balearica". International Plant Names Index. The Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, Harvard University Herbaria & Libraries and Australian National Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 23 September 2020.
  3. ^ a b c Bertrand de Montmollin; Wendy Strahm (2005). "Naufraga balearica". The Top 50 Mediterranean Island Plants: Wild Plants at the Brink of Extinction, and What is Needed to Save Them. International Union for Conservation of Nature. pp. 24–25. ISBN 978-2-8317-0832-4.
  4. ^ "Naufraga balearica". Plants of the World Online. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew. Retrieved 9 August 2022.
  5. ^ "Council Directive 92/43/EEC of 21 May 1992 on the conservation of natural habitats and of wild fauna and flora". Eur-Lex. Retrieved 22 September 2020.