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A national monument is a monument constructed in order to commemorate something of importance to national heritage, such as a country's founding, independence, war, or the life and death of a historical figure.
National monument status is usually granted to colossal symbols of national identity.
Structures or areas deemed to be of national importance and afforded protection by the state are part of a country's cultural heritage. These national heritage sites are often called something different per country and are listed by national conservation societies. Romania has listed at least one plant as a national monument, Nymphaea lotus f. thermalis.
- The National Monument (Indonesia)
- Maqam Echahid (Algiers, Algeria)
- The Pakistan Monument (Islamabad)
- The National Martyr's Memorial (Dhaka)
- The National Monument (Malaysia)
- The Netherlands National Monument (Amsterdam)
- The National Monument of Scotland (Edinburgh)
- National Monument to Victor Emmanuel II (Rome)
- National Kaiser Wilhelm Monument (Berlin)