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Namazga-Tepe or Namazga-depe, is a Bronze Age (BMAC) archaeological site in Turkmenistan, some 100 km from Aşgabat, near the border to Iran. Excavated by Vadim Mikhailovich Masson, Viktor Sarianidi, and I. N. Khlopin from the 1950s, the site set the chronology for the Bronze Age sites in Turkmenistan (Namazga III-VI).

Location in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Location in Turkmenistan
Alternative nameNamazga-depe
PeriodsBronze Age


It is believed that Anau culture of Turkmenia considerably precedes the Namazga culture in the area. Namazga I period (c. 4600–3500 BC),[1] is considered contemporary with Anau IB2 period.[2]

Namazga IV (c. 2800–2400 BC),[3] shows proto-urban and village settlement patterns.

Namazga V (c. 2400–1900 BC),[4] is the period of "urban revolution" following the Anatolian model with little or no irrigation. Namazgadepe emerges as the production and probable governmental center, covering some 60 hectares, with Altyndepe likely a secondary capital. Around 1600 BC, Altyndepe is abandoned, and Namazgadepe shrinks to a fraction of its former size.

Namazga VI in the Late Bronze Age (c. 1900–1600 BC),[5] is characterized by the incursion of nomadic pastoralists from the Alekseyevka culture and/or Srubna culture.

There have also been detailed painted potteries located at this site.[6]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Vidale, Massimo, 2017. Treasures from the Oxus
  2. ^ Hassan Basafa, Mohammad Hossein Rezaei, Evidence of Cheshmeh Ali Culture in Chenaran Plain (Northeastern Iran), Archaeology, Vol. 3 No. 1, 2014, pp. 10-15. doi:10.5923/j.archaeology.20140301.02
  3. ^ Vidale, Massimo, 2017. Treasures from the Oxus
  4. ^ Vidale, Massimo, 2017. Treasures from the Oxus
  5. ^ Vidale, Massimo, 2017. Treasures from the Oxus
  6. ^ Langer, William L., ed. (1972). An Encyclopedia of World History (5th ed.). Boston, MA: Houghton Mifflin Company. p. 17. ISBN 0-395-13592-3.


  • V. M. Masson and V. I. Sarianidi, Central Asia: Turkmenia before the Achaemenids (trans. Tringham, 1972); review: Charles C. Kolb, American Anthropologist (1973), 1945-1948.

External linksEdit