is locally integrable, where the fi are a finite set of local generators of the ideal. Multiplier ideals were independently introduced by Nadel (1989) (who worked with sheaves over complex manifolds rather than ideals) and Lipman (1993), who called them adjoint ideals.
In algebraic geometry, the multiplier ideal of an effective -divisor measures singularities coming from the fractional parts of D. Multiplier ideals are often applied in tandem with vanishing theorems such as the Kodaira vanishing theorem and the Kawamata–Viehweg vanishing theorem.
Let X be a smooth complex variety and D an effective -divisor on it. Let be a log resolution of D (e.g., Hironaka's resolution). The multiplier ideal of D is
where is the relative canonical divisor: . It is an ideal sheaf of . If D is integral, then .
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