Mobile Naval Air Base
Mobile Operational Naval Air Bases (MONABs) were a series of mobile units first formed in 1944 to provide logistical support to the Fleet Air Arm aircraft of the Royal Navy's British Pacific Fleet towards the end of World War II.
Each unit was self-contained and designed to service and repair aircraft and engines. Each were initially assembled at the MONAB Headquarters at HMS Flycatcher (first at Ludham then Middle Wallop in the UK).
When the naval threat in the Atlantic was clearly vanishing, with the decline of Nazi Germany, proposals were made to involve the Royal Navy in the Pacific War. The United States Navy's Commander-in-Chief, Admiral Ernest King, did not welcome this, however. A well-known anglophobe, King preferred to exclude the British and, in addition, he laid down operating requirements that could not be met at the time. One of these was that the Royal Navy should be self-sustaining and independent of United States Navy (USN) logistical resources for extended periods of active service.
King was effectively overruled, however, and the Royal Navy set about establishing an adequate logistical infrastructure which included MONABs.
- MONAB I – HMS Nabbington, Nowra, Australia
- MONAB II - HMS Nabberley, Bankstown, Australia
- MONAB III – HMS Nabthorpe, Schofields, New South Wales, Australia
- MONAB IV -
- Formed up and commissioned as HMS Nabaron on 1 January 1945 at RNAS Ludham. Embarked for Australia at Liverpool two weeks later and arrived at Sydney on 21 February. Marked to form a forward base their equipment was diverted on to the Admiralty Islands and an operational base 2 April 1945 was commissioned HMS Naboran, Royal Naval Air Station Ponam taking over the former US Navy Airfield there.
- MONAB V - HMS Nabswick, Jervis Bay, Australia
- MONAB VI – HMS Nabstock, Maryborough, Queensland, Australia
- MONAB VII – HMS Nabreekie, Meeandah, Brisbane, Australia
- MONAB VIII – HMS Nabcatcher, Kai Tak, Hong Kong
- MONAB IX – HMS Nabrock, Sembawang, Singapore
- MONAB X – HMS Nabhurst, Middle Wallop, UK