Federated Miscellaneous Workers' Union of Australia
The Federated Miscellaneous Workers' Union (F.M.W.U.), commonly known as the 'Missos', was an Australian trade union which existed between 1915 and 1992. It represented an extremely diverse and disparate range of occupations, but its core support came from workers employed in cleaning and security services.
An early banner of the FMWU
|Full name||Federated Miscellaneous Workers' Union of Australia|
|Founded||15 December 1915|
|Merged into||Liquor Hospitality and Miscellaneous Workers' Union|
|Affiliation||ACTU, ALP, Association of International Disarmament, International Chemical Federation, General Workers Federation|
|Key people||Martin Ferguson (General Secretary), Jim McGinty (Secretary), Jeff Lawrence (General Secretary), Sid O'Flaherty (Secretary), Fred Katz (General Secretary)|
|Office location||Labor Council Building, 377 Sussex Street, Sydney, NSW|
The union was first established on 6 May 1910 as the Watchmen, Caretakers and Cleaners Union of New South Wales (W.C.C.U.), which was created by the Organising Committee of the New South Wales Labor Council. The task of organisation was a difficult one due to the casualised and isolated nature of the occupations covered. Under the leadership of the first Secretary of the WCCU, Joe Coote, the union adopted a pragmatic approach to increasing union membership by including any workers not already represented by trade unions, such as paintmaking employees. To reflect the growing range of industries represented in 1915 the union changed its name to the Federated Miscellaneous Workers' Union.
After steady growth over the first half of the century, including winning paid sick leave, annual leave and a forty-hour week, the union really took off in the 1950s. A new rank-and-file leadership led by Ray Gietzelt took over to create a vibrant, member-driven union. Famous campaigns during the 1950s and 60s included organising workers paid to be Santa Clauses at Christmas and a group of dance instructors who were locked out for four months before winning their jobs back. In the late 1960s the FMWU absorbed the membership of the defunct Australian Leather and Allied Trades Employees' Federation.
The strength of the "Missos" grew over these years, with membership increasing from 25,000 in 1955 to 88,000 by 1975. Ray Gietzelt remained General Secretary from 1955 to 1984.
In 1992 the FMWU amalgamated with the Federated Liquor and Allied Industries Employees' Union of Australia to form the Liquor Hospitality and Miscellaneous Workers' Union (LHMU), later renamed United Voice.
- Beasley, Margo (1996). The Missos: A History of the Federated Miscellaneous Workers Union. St Leonards, NSW: Allen & Unwin. ISBN 1-86373-649-2.
- Huntley, Pat; Huntley, Ian (December 1976). Inside Australia's Top 100 Trade Unions - Are They Wrecking Australia?. Northbridge, NSW: Ian Huntley. pp. 192–195. ISBN 0-9598507-1-6.
- Smith, Bruce (6 August 2010). "Federated Miscellaneous Workers Union of Australia". Australian Trade Union Archives. Retrieved 8 December 2011.
- Sheil, Christopher (September 1991). "The Origins of Unions: Some Miscellaneous Sydney Workers in 1910". Journal of Industrial Relations. 3. 33: 295–307. doi:10.1177/002218569103300301.
- "History". United Voice. Archived from the original on 6 December 2011. Retrieved 25 November 2011.
- United Voice The website of United Voice, the successor to the Federated Miscellaneous Workers' Union.