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Ministry of Education (Austria)

In Austrian politics, the Ministry of Education (German: Bildungsministerium, historically also Unterrichtsminiterium) is the ministry in charge of schools, universities, and arts policy.

Ministry of Education
Unterrichtsministerium
Bildungsministerium
Palais Dietrichstein-Ulfeld.jpg
Ministry overview
Formed 1848
Jurisdiction Austria
Headquarters Palais Dietrichstein-Ulfeld
Minoritenplatz 3
Vienna
48°12′33.3″N 16°21′47.2″E / 48.209250°N 16.363111°E / 48.209250; 16.363111
Minister responsible
Website bmbwf.gv.at

The current head of the Ministry is Heinz Faßmann. [1][2]

The ministry was first created in 1848 as the Ministry of Public Schools (Ministerium für öffentlichen Unterricht). As of 2018, the agency's official name is Ministry of Education, Science and Research (Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Forschung or BMBWF). [3]

Contents

ResponsibilitiesEdit

The Ministry is responsible for all matters regarding public education, including general education, vocational preparatory schools, Adult education, educational research and the Pedagogical Universities.

HistoryEdit

The Ministry was first founded in 1848 in the wake of the Bourgeois revolution. Back then, it was named "Ministry for Cultus and Education" and included religious affairs. In the first years of the First Austrian Republic it was merged into the "Ministry for Interior and Education", until it became its own authority again in 1923. Chancellor Bruno Kreisky restructured it in 1971, creating the Ministry of Science and Research on one hand and the "Ministry of Education and Arts" on the other. From 2000 to 2007, they were merged again and formed a "Ministry of Education, Science and Culture".

In 2007, the Science Ministry was again established as its own authority. This left the remaining parts as "Ministry for Education, Arts and Culture" (German: Bundesministerium für Unterricht, Kunst und Kultur, short: BMUKK or Unterrichtsministerium). It then had additional responsibilities in the fields of Religious foundations and the arts, such as theatre and Film promotion, Museums and related management and funding, such as for the Austrian National Library, and the Vienna Philharmonic. The Bundesdenkmalamt was a sub department of the BMUKK as well.

MinistersEdit

First RepublicEdit

State Secretariat of Education
Staatsamt für Unterricht
Cabinet:Secretary:Party:Date appointed:
Renner IRaphael Pacher DNOctober 30, 1918
State Secretariat of the Interior and Education
Staatsamt für Inneres und Unterricht
Cabinet:Secretary:Party:Date appointed:
Renner IIKarl Renner SPÖMarch 15, 1919
Matthias Eldersch SPÖMay 9, 1919
Renner IIIOctober 17, 1919
Mayr IWalter Breisky independentJuly 7, 1920
Ministry of the Interior and Education
Bundesministerium für Inneres und Unterricht
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Mayr IIEgon Glanz independentNovember 20, 1920
Walter Breisky (interim)independentApril 7, 1921
Rudolf Ramek CSApril 23, 1921
Schober ILeopold Waber GDVPJune 21, 1921
Johann Schober (interim)independentJanuary 16, 1922
BreiskyWalter Breisky independentJanuary 26, 1922
Schober IIJohann Schober (interim)independentJanuary 27, 1922
Seipel IFelix Frank GDVPMay 31, 1922
Ministry of Education
Bundesministerium für Unterricht
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Seipel IIEmil Schneider CSApril 17, 1923
Seipel IIINovember 20, 1923
Ramek INovember 20, 1924
Ramek IIJanuary 15, 1926
Josef Resch (interim)CSJune 16, 1926
Anton Rintelen CSJune 25, 1926
Seipel IVRichard Schmitz CSOctober 20, 1926
Seipel VMay 19, 1927
StreeruwitzEmmerich Czermak CSMay 4, 1929
Schober IIIJohann Schober (interim)independentSeptember 26, 1929
Heinrich Srbik independentOctober 16, 1929
VaugoinEmmerich Czermak CSSeptember 30, 1930
EnderDecember 4, 1930
Buresch IJune 20, 1931
Buresch IIJanuary 29, 1932
Dollfuß IAnton Rintelen CSMay 20, 1932
Kurt Schuschnigg (interim)CSMay 24, 1933
Dollfuß IISeptember 21, 1932
VFMay 20, 1933
Schuschnigg IJuly 29, 1934
Schuschnigg IIHans Pernter VFMay 14, 1936
Schuschnigg IIINovember 3, 1936
Schuschnigg IVFebruary 16, 1938
Seyß-InquartOswaldh Menghin NSDAPMarch 11, 1938

Second RepublicEdit

State Secretariat of Popular Enlightenment and Education
Staatsamt für Volksaufklärung, für Unterricht und Erziehung und für Kultusangelegenheiten
Cabinet:Secretary:Party:Date appointed:
RennerErnst Fischer (writer) KPÖApril 27, 1945
Ministry of Education
Bundesministerium für Unterricht
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Figl IFelix Hurdes ÖVPDecember 20, 1945
Figl IINovember 8, 1949
Ernst Kolb ÖVPJanuary 23, 1952
Figl IIIOctober 28, 1952
Raab IApril 2, 1953
Heinrich Drimmel ÖVPNovember 1, 1954
Raab IIJune 29, 1956
Raab IIIJuly 16, 1959
Raab IVNovember 3, 1960
Gorbach IApril 11, 1961
Gorbach IIMarch 27, 1963
Klaus ITheodor Piffl-Percevic ÖVPApril 2, 1964
Klaus IIApril 19, 1966
Alois Mock ÖVPJune 2, 1969
Kreisky ILeopold Gratz SPÖApril 21, 1970
Ministry of Education and the Arts
Bundesministerium für Unterricht und Kunst
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Kreisky ILeopold Gratz SPÖJuly 24, 1970
Kreisky IIFred Sinowatz SPÖNovember 4, 1971
Kreisky IIIOctober 28, 1975
Kreisky IVJune 5, 1979
SinowatzHelmut Zilk SPÖMay 24, 1983
Herbert Moritz SPÖSeptember 10, 1984
Ministry of Education, the Arts and Sports
Bundesministerium für Unterricht, Kunst und Sport
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
SinowatzHerbert Moritz SPÖJanuary 1, 1985
Vranitzky IJune 16, 1986
Vranitzky IIHilde Hawlicek SPÖJanuary 21, 1987
Vranitzky IIIRudolf Scholten SPÖDecember 17, 1990
Ministry of Education and the Arts
Bundesministerium für Unterricht und Kunst
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Vranitzky IIIRudolf Scholten SPÖFebruary 1, 1991
Vranitzky IVErhard Busek ÖVPNovember 29, 1994
Ministry of Education and Cultural Affairs
Bundesministerium für Unterricht und kulturelle Angelegenheiten
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Vranitzky IVErhard Busek ÖVPJanuary 1, 1995
Elisabeth Gehrer ÖVPMay 4, 1995
Vranitzky VMarch 12, 1996
KlimaJanuary 28, 1997
Schüssel IFebruary 4, 2000
Ministry of Education, Science and Cultural Affairs
Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Kultur
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Schüssel IElisabeth Gehrer ÖVPApril 1, 2000
Schüssel IIFebruary 28, 2003
GusenbauerClaudia Schmid SPÖJanuary 11, 2007
Ministry of Education, the Arts and Cultural Affairs
Bundesministerium für Unterricht, Kunst und Kultur
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
GusenbauerClaudia Schmid SPÖMarch 1, 2007
Faymann IDecember 2, 2008
Faymann IIGabriele Heinisch-Hosek SPÖDecember 16, 2013
Ministry of Education and Women's Affairs
Bundesministerium für Bildung und Frauen
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
Faymann IIGabriele Heinisch-Hosek SPÖMarch 1, 2014
KernSonja Hammerschmid SPÖMay 17, 2016
Ministry of Education
Bundesministerium für Bildung
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
KernSonja Hammerschmid SPÖJuly 1, 2016
KurzHeinz Faßmann noneDecember 18, 2017
Ministry of Education, Science and Research
Bundesministerium für Bildung, Wissenschaft und Forschung
Cabinet:Minister:Party:Date appointed:
KurzHeinz Faßmann noneJanuary 8, 2018

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Türkis-Blau: Das sind die neuen Minister". Kurier. December 16, 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-06. 
  2. ^ "16-köpfiges ÖVP-FPÖ-Team vereidigt". ORF. December 16, 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-06. 
  3. ^ "Bundesministeriengesetz-Novelle 2017; BGBl. I Nr. 164/2017" (in German). December 28, 2017. Retrieved 2018-05-06. 

External linksEdit