Ministry of National Development (Singapore)

The Ministry of National Development (Abbreviation: MND; Malay: Kementerian Pembangunan Negara; Chinese: 国家发展部; Tamil: தேசிய வளர்ச்சி அமைச்சு) is a ministry of the Government of Singapore that directs the formulation and implementation of policies related to land-use planning and infrastructure development.[3]

Ministry of National Development
Ministry of National Development (Singapore) (logo).png
Logo of the MND
Agency overview
JurisdictionGovernment of Singapore
Headquarters5 Maxwell Road, #21-00 & #22-00 Tower Block, MND Complex, Singapore 069110
MottoAn Endearing Home, A Distinctive Global City
Employees9,063 (2018) [1]
Annual budgetDecrease 3.35 billion (est) SGD (2019) [1]
Ministers responsible
Agency executive
  • Ow Foong Pheng [2], Permanent Secretary
Child agencies
Websitewww.mnd.gov.sg

HistoryEdit

The ministry was established after the 1959 legislative assembly elections. It was originally composed of departments previously under the Ministry of Local Government, Land and Housing, Ministry of Communications and Works, the City Council and Rural Board (Architectural and Buildings Surveyors Section), and Ministry of Commerce and Industry (Fisheries, Veterinary Services and Rural Development).[4][5]

ResponsibilitiesEdit

MND's key responsibilities include the planning, management and redevelopment of land resources and the development of public housing. The promotion of the construction, real estate and agrotechnology industries, as well as the management and improvement of industry standards in the real estate agent industry also come under the purview of the ministry. The MND is also tasked with the development and management of green spaces, recreational infrastructure and the conservation of nature areas. It is also the ministry in charge of food safety, animal and plant health.[6]

Organisational StructureEdit

The MND is made up of nine divisions: Strategic Planning Division, Housing Division, Infrastructure Division, Research & Strategy Management Division, Corporate Development Division, Corporate Communications Division, the Eco-City Project Office, the Centre for Liveable Cities and the Internal Audit Unit.[7] On 1 October 2014, the Municipal Services Office was set up under the Ministry of National Development, with the aim to improve the Government's overall coordination and delivery of municipal services.

Strategic PlanningEdit

The Strategic Planning Division works with the Urban Redevelopment Authority to help Singapore meet its land use needs with respect to the economy and living environment. It also comes up with policies relating to land use sales / planning, development control and the private property market.

HousingEdit

The Housing Division works with the Housing Development Board to plan and develop public housing towns that provide Singaporeans with affordable homes. The division's aims include community cohesion (by providing community spaces for interaction) and policies that support social objectives, such as racial harmony (Ethnic Integration Policy) and stronger family ties (CPF Housing Grant for those who live near their parents).

The Housing Division is responsible for policies on home ownership, public rental housing for low income families and the rejuvenation of older estates, amongst others.

InfrastructureEdit

The Infrastructure Division works with the Building and Construction Authority to shape the built environment for Singapore via building safety, construction quality, sustainability of buildings and construction, and the usability of the built environment. The Infrastructure Division also develops policies on the construction industry, sustainable development, accessibility, and building safety and quality.

The Infrastructure Division also partners the National Parks Board to integrate Singapore's urban infrastructure and garden environments. Together, they develop policies on enhancing greenery infrastructure, encouraging community participation in greening, and developing the horticultural industry. They also take care of veterinary issues too after the disbandment of Agri-Food and Veterinary Authority

Planning and ResearchEdit

The Planning and Research Department undertakes policy reviews, and research and economic analyses. It also carries out international relations work by liaising with foreign counterparts to facilitate the exchange of knowledge and expanding international outreach efforts.

Eco-City Project OfficeEdit

The Eco-City Project Office spearheads the Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City, which seeks to address the challenges of sustainable development in a holistic and balanced manner.[8]

Centre for Liveable CitiesEdit

The Centre for Liveable Cities (CLC) was set up in 2008 by the MND and the Ministry of the Environment and Water Resources. It is a research think tank[9] that focuses on sustainable urban development.[10] It seeks to understand Singapore's transformation in the last five decades, and to create and share knowledge and urban solutions for "current and future challenges relevant to Singapore and other cities".[11][12]

Statutory BoardsEdit

The ministry oversees five statutory boards and three professional committees. These are:[13]

MinistersEdit

MND is headed by the Minister for National Development, who is appointed as part of the Cabinet of Singapore.

Portrait Minister Start of Term End of Term Political Party Ref.
Ong Eng Guan 5 June 1959 20 June 1960   People's Action Party
Toh Chin Chye 20 June 1960 25 August 1960
Tan Kia Gan 25 August 1960 28 October 1963
Lim Kim San 18 October 1963 9 August 1965
Edmund W. Barker 9 August 1965 1 June 1975
Lim Kim San 1 June 1975 1979
Teh Cheang Wan 12 February 1979 14 December 1986
S. Dhanabalan 1 January 1987 31 August 1992
Richard Hu Tsu Tau 1 September 1992 1 January 1994
  Lim Hng Kiang 2 January 1994 (Acting) 16 April 1995
17 April 1995 2 June 1999
  Mah Bow Tan 2 June 1999 20 May 2011
  Khaw Boon Wan 21 May 2011 30 September 2015
  Lawrence Wong 1 October 2015 26 July 2020 [14]
  Desmond Lee 27 July 2020 Incumbent [15]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b https://www.singaporebudget.gov.sg/docs/default-source/budget_2019/download/pdf/45-MND-2019.pdf
  2. ^ "Changes in Permanent Secretary appointments from May: PSD". Channel NewsAsia. Retrieved 22 March 2016.
  3. ^ "Ministry of National Development". Ministry of National Development. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
  4. ^ "Ong sets up seven-man team to hear grouses from the public". The Straits Times. 21 June 1959.
  5. ^ "Three Ministries absorb Council departments". The Straits Times. 24 October 1959.
  6. ^ "Introduction". Ministry of National Development.
  7. ^ "Singapore Government Directory Interactive - MINISTRY OF NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT". Ministry of Information, Communications and the Arts. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
  8. ^ "Features - Sino-Singapore Tianjin Eco-City". Retrieved 12 December 2010.
  9. ^ Frangoul, Anmar (17 December 2013). "Sustainable Singapore: A model to be replicated?". CNBC.
  10. ^ "Divisions Department". Ministry of National Development. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 6 April 2020.
  11. ^ "About - Centre for Liveable Cities". Centre for Liveable Cities. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
  12. ^ "About Our Research". Centre for Liveable Cities. Archived from the original on 1 December 2017. Retrieved 23 November 2017.
  13. ^ "MND Internet - About Us - Organisational Structure". Ministry of National Development. Archived from the original on 20 August 2010. Retrieved 12 December 2010.
  14. ^ Ong, Justin (28 September 2015). "Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong announces Singapore's new Cabinet". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on 21 June 2018. Retrieved 1 October 2015.
  15. ^ Mahmud, Aqil Haziq (25 July 2020). "PM Lee announces new Cabinet; 6 office holders promoted, 3 retirements". CNA. Archived from the original on 25 July 2020. Retrieved 25 July 2020.

External linksEdit