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Military ranks and insignia of the Japan Self-Defense Forces

Following the end of World War II in Asia, after the surrender of Japan, the Imperial Japanese Army and Imperial Japanese Navy were dissolved by the Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers during the occupation of Japan. The symbols below represent the ranks of the Japan Self-Defense Forces: the Japan Ground Self-Defense Force, the Japan Air Self-Defense Force, and the Japan Maritime Self-Defense Force which have, since 1954, replaced the imperial military. The 1938–1945 Japanese military and naval ranks were phased out after World War II. The self-defense force breaks away from the Sino-centric tradition of non-branch-specified ranks, each JSDF rank with respect to each service carries a distinct Japanese title, although equivalent titles in different branches are still similar, differing only in the use of the morphemes riku (ground) for the army ranks, kai (maritime) for the naval ranks, and (air) for the aviation ranks.[1]

The pentagramic stars on the insignia represent cherry blossoms. Because Japanese soldiers take an oath to die to protect the lives and wealth of Japanese citizens, they have been compared to delicate cherry blossoms that break easily.

RemarksEdit

  • An inauguration of the Chief of Staff, Joint Staff (統合幕僚長) wears Emblem of the Chief of Staff, Joint Staff (統合幕僚長章) on the left chest.
  • The published NATO code is of reference level. There is no legal provision of NATO code in the JSDF.
  • The classification of rank of general officers and flag officers listed is limited to Japan. For JSDF's general officer and flag officer, there is a rank classification that matches foreign armed forces such as United States Armed Forces, which is determined by the post.

Ground Self-Defense ForceEdit

Ranks are listed with the lower rank at right.

Officer(幹部)Edit

NATO Code OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
(OF-8)[2] (OF-7)[2] (OF-6)[2]
Rank 陸将
(統合幕僚長および陸上幕僚長
(Rikushō serve as Chief of Staff)
陸将
(Rikushō)
(Army commander)
陸将
(Divisional commander)
陸将補
(Rikushō-ho)
1等陸佐
(Ittō rikusa)
2等陸佐
(Nitō rikusa)
3等陸佐
(Santō rikusa)
1等陸尉
(Ittō rikui)
2等陸尉
(Nitō rikui)
3等陸尉
(Santō rikui)
Abbreviation - - 将補
(Shō-ho)
1佐
(Issa)
2佐
(Nisa)
3佐
(Sansa)
1尉
(Ichii)
2尉
(Nii)
3尉
(San-i)
English translation General
or
Army general[3][4]
Lieutenant general
or
Divisional general[3]
Major General
or
Brigade general[3]
Colonel
Lieutenant colonel Major Captain First lieutenant
Second lieutenant
Insignia Type A
(甲階級章)
                 
Insignia Type B
(乙階級章)
                 
Insignia Miniature Type
(略章)
                 

Warrant Officer & Enlisted (准尉および曹士)Edit

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1 OR-D
Rank 准陸尉
(Jun rikui)
陸曹長
(Rikusōchō)
1等陸曹
(Ittō rikusō)
2等陸曹
(Nitō rikusō)
3等陸曹
(Santō rikusō)
陸士長
(Rikushichō)
1等陸士
(Ittō rikushi)
2等陸士
(Nitō rikushi)
自衛官候補生
(Jieikan kōhosei)
Abbreviation 准尉
(Jun-i)
曹長
(Sōchō)
1曹
(Issō)
2曹
(Nisō)
3曹
(Sansō)
士長
(Shichō)
1士
(Isshi)
2士
(Nishi)
自候生
(Jikōsei)
English translation Warrant
Officer
Sergeant
major
Master
sergeant
Sergeant
first
class
Sergeant Leading Private Private
first
class
Private Self-defense
official cadet
Insignia Type A
(甲階級章)
                 
Insignia Type B
(乙階級章)
                 
Insignia Miniature Type
(略章)
                No insignia

Maritime Self-Defense ForceEdit

Ranks are listed with the lower rank at right.

Officer(幹部)Edit

NATO Code OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
(OF-8)[2] (OF-7)[2] (OF-6)[2]
Rank 海将
(統合幕僚長および海上幕僚長
(Kaishō serve as Chief of Staff)
海将
(Kaishō)
(Commander in chief of the fleet)
海将
(Commander of the type force)
海将補
(Kaishō-ho)
1等海佐
(Ittō kaisa)
2等海佐
(Nitō kaisa)
3等海佐
(Santō kaisa)
1等海尉
(Ittō kaii)
2等海尉
(Nitō kaii)
3等海尉
(Santō kaii)
Abbreviation - - 将補
(Shō-ho)
1佐
(Issa)
2佐
(Nisa)
3佐
(Sansa)
1尉
(Ichii)
2尉
(Nii)
3尉
(San-i)
English translation Admiral Vice admiral Rear admiral Captain Commander Lieutenant
commander
Lieutenant Lieutenant
junior grade
Ensign
Insignia Type A
(甲階級章)
                 
Insignia Type B
(乙階級章)
                 
Insignia Type C
(丙階級章)
                 
Insignia Miniature Type
(略章)
                 

Warrant Officer & Enlisted(准尉および曹士)Edit

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1 OR-D
Rank 准海尉
(Jun kaii)
海曹長
(Kaisōchō)
1等海曹
(Ittō kaisō)
2等海曹
(Nitō kaisō)
3等海曹
(Santō kaisō)
海士長
(Kaishichō)
1等海士
(Ittō kaishi)
2等海士
(Nitō kaishi)
自衛官候補生
(Jieikan kōhosei)
Abbreviation 准尉
(Jun-i)
曹長
(Sōchō)
1曹
(Issō)
2曹
(Nisō)
3曹
(Sansō)
士長
(Shichō)
1士
(Isshi)
2士
(Nishi)
自候生
(Jikōsei)
English translation Warrant
Officer
Chief
petty
officer
Petty
officer
first class
Petty
officer
second class
Petty
officer
third class
Leading
seaman
Seaman Seaman
apprentice
Self-defence
official cadet
Insignia Type A
(甲階級章)
                 

 
Insignia Type B
(乙階級章)
                 
Insignia Type C
(丙階級章)
                No insignia
Insignia Miniature Type
(略章)
                No insignia

Air Self-Defense ForceEdit

Ranks are listed with the lower rank at right.

Officer(幹部)Edit

NATO Code OF-9 OF-8 OF-7 OF-5 OF-4 OF-3 OF-2 OF-1
(OF-8)[2] (OF-7)[2] (OF-6)[2]
Rank 空将
(統合幕僚長および航空幕僚長
(Kūshō serve as Chief of Staff)
空将
(Kūshō)
(Commander of the major command)
空将
(Commander of the air force)
空将補
(Kūshō-ho)
1等空佐
(Ittō kūsa)
2等空佐
(Nitō kūsa)
3等空佐
(Santō kūsa)
1等空尉
(Ittō kūi)
2等空尉
(Nitō kūi)
3等空尉
(Santō kūi)
Abbreviation - - 将補
(Shō-ho)
1佐
(Issa)
2佐
(Nisa)
3佐
(Sansa)
1尉
(Ichii)
2尉
(Nii)
3尉
(San-i)
English translation General
or
Army general[3]
Lieutenant general
or
Divisional general[3]
Major general
or
Brigade general[3]
Colonel Lieutenant
colonel
Major Captain First lieutenant Second lieutenant
Insignia Type A
(甲階級章)
                 
Insignia Type B
(乙階級章)
                 
Insignia Miniature Type
(略章)
                 

Warrant Officer & Enlisted(准尉および曹士)Edit

NATO Code OR-9 OR-8 OR-7 OR-6 OR-5 OR-3 OR-2 OR-1 OR-D
Rank 准空尉
(Jun kūi)
空曹長
(Kūsōchō)
1等空曹
(Ittō kūsō)
2等空曹
(Nitō kūsō)
3等空曹
(Santō kūsō)
空士長
(Kūshichō)
1等空士
(Ittō kūshi)
2等空士
(Nitō kūshi)
自衛官候補生
(Jieikan kōhosei)
Abbreviation 准尉
(Jun-i)
曹長
(Sōchō)
1曹
(Issō)
2曹
(Nisō)
3曹
(Sansō)
士長
(Shichō)
1士
(Isshi)
2士
(Nishi)
自候生
(Jikōsei)
English translation Warrant
Officer
Senior
master
sergeant
Master
sergeant
Technical
sergeant
Staff
sergeant
Airman
first class
Airman
second class
Airman
third class
Self-defence
official cadet
Insignia Type A
(甲階級章)
                 

 
Insignia Type B
(乙階級章)
                 
Insignia Miniature Type
(略章)
                No insignia

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "自衛隊の階級" [Ranks of the JSDF]. 平成16年版 防衛白書 [Defense of Japan 2004] (PDF) (in Japanese). Japanese Defense Agency. 2004. p. 266. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-07-27. Retrieved 2018-04-09.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i Classified in consideration of personnel balance of foreign armed forces such as United States Armed Forces.
  3. ^ a b c d e f Another translation. (It corresponds to designations such as France and Italy.)
  4. ^ Divisional general serve as Chief of Staff( Le chef d'état-major de l'armée de terre japonaise en visite à Djibouti Archived 2018-02-10 at the Wayback Machine[Positional parameters ignored](French))

External linksEdit