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Michael Russell (politician)

Michael William Russell[1] (born 9 August 1953) is a Scottish National Party (SNP) politician serving as Cabinet Secretary for Government Business and Constitutional Relations since 26 June 2018 and Member of the Scottish Parliament for Argyll and Bute. He is a professor of culture and governance at the University of Glasgow. He has previously worked as a television producer and director and the author of seven books.

Michael Russell

Michael Russell, Cabinet Secretary for Education & Lifelong Learning (2).jpg
Cabinet Secretary for Government Business and Constitutional Relations
Scotland's Place in Europe (2016- 2018)
Assumed office
26 August 2016
First MinisterNicola Sturgeon
Preceded byOffice established
Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning
In office
1 December 2009 – 21 November 2014
First MinisterAlex Salmond
Preceded byFiona Hyslop
Succeeded byAngela Constance
Minister for Culture, External Affairs and the Constitution & Minister for Gaelic
In office
12 February 2009 – 1 December 2009
First MinisterAlex Salmond
Preceded byLinda Fabiani
Succeeded byFiona Hyslop
Minister for Environment
In office
17 May 2007 – 12 February 2009
First MinisterAlex Salmond
Preceded bySarah Boyack
Succeeded byRoseanna Cunningham
Member of the Scottish Parliament
for Argyll and Bute
Assumed office
6 May 2011
Preceded byJim Mather
Member of the Scottish Parliament
for South of Scotland
In office
1 May 1999 – 6 May 2003
In office
4 May 2007 – 6 May 2011
Personal details
Born (1953-08-09) 9 August 1953 (age 66)
Bromley, Kent, England
Political partyScottish National Party
ChildrenOne son, Caileen
Alma materEdinburgh University

He was Chief Executive of the SNP from 1994 to 1999 and was elected to the Scottish Parliament as a regional MSP for the South of Scotland at the first Scottish Parliament elections in 1999. However, he lost his seat in the 2003 Scottish Parliament Election. He was elected again in May 2007 and was appointed Minister for Environment in Scotland's first-ever SNP administration by First Minister Alex Salmond.[2] He was then reshuffled on 10 February 2009 to become Minister for Culture, External Affairs and the Constitution, and was later promoted on 1 December 2009 replacing Fiona Hyslop as Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning until November 2014. Russell served as Minister for UK Negotiations on Scotland's Place in Europe from August 2016 to June 2018.


Russell was born in Bromley, Kent to an English mother and a Scottish father.[3][4] He was educated at Marr College,[5][6] Troon and Edinburgh University, there studying firstly Theology and then Scottish History and Literature. He worked in television and the media prior to establishing his own media company, Eala Bhan Ltd.

Russell is a fluent speaker of Gaelic and gave a speech in the language which was the first occasion the European Council was addressed in Gaelic.[7][8]

Political careerEdit

Russell was Chief Executive of the SNP in the period prior to the first Scottish election and has been an active member of the SNP for over three decades, often working closely with party leader, Alex Salmond.

Originally a member of the Labour club at Edinburgh University, Russell joined the SNP in 1974 during the February election of that year, was active in Edinburgh, in the Western Isles and in the Inverness constituency and stood for the first time for as an SNP candidate in 1984 in Clydesdale in a local government election. He was then the Clydesdale candidate for the Westminster Parliament in June 1987. Later that year he became the elected Vice Convenor of the SNP responsible for Publicity (succeeding Alex Salmond) and in 1990 was Salmond's campaign manager during the SNP leadership campaign.

During that time he worked as Executive Director of Network Scotland, a media and educational company, but he gave up his party posts in 1991 to concentrate on establishing his own TV production company, Eala Bhan Ltd. He returned to active politics in December 1994 when he became the SNP's first full-time Chief Executive. In that role, he was the party's election director for the 1997 and 1999 campaigns as well as for the successful Perth and Kinross by-election in 1995 (having been deputy campaign director in the 1992 General Election and for the Govan and Glasgow Central by-elections of 1987 and 1988).

Scottish ParliamentEdit

He was placed second by the party on the South of Scotland list for the 1999 Scottish Parliament elections (as well as standing for the Cunninghame South Constituency which he also fought in 2003) and after his election was appointed SNP Business Manager in the new Parliament which resulted in him becoming a founding member of the Parliamentary Bureau. After John Swinney was elected leader of the SNP in 2000, Russell became Shadow Minister for Education and Culture, a post he held until 2003. He was named as "Debater of the Year" in the Herald Awards in 2000, and was nominated for "Scottish Politician of the Year" in the same awards in 2002 as well as for the Channel 4 "Scottish Politician of the Year" title.

When he lost his seat at the end of the first Scottish Parliament, Russell focused on his work as an author and newspaper columnist, commenting on various aspects of Scottish culture and Scottish politics. He did, however, stand for the leadership of the SNP in 2004, in the election prompted by John Swinney's resignation.[9] He finished third behind Alex Salmond and Roseanna Cunningham. Russell continued as a political commentator, generating some controversy with his strongly pro-modernisation views which were more fully expressed in a book co-written with entrepreneur Dennis MacLeod called Grasping The Thistle (2006).

Many SNP members saw Russell's absence from the Scottish Parliament as a great loss to the SNP's profile and performance there.[who?] In 2006 he was once again placed second on the SNP regional list in the South of Scotland though this time the list was chosen by a one member, one vote system for which Russell had argued over a long period and was re-elected to Parliament in 2007. He was also the party's candidate in the Dumfries constituency.

Following the SNP's narrow victory at the 2007 Scottish Parliament Election, Russell was appointed the Minister for Environment.

In the first reshuffle of the SNP Government in February 2009, Russell was moved to be Minister for Culture, External Affairs and the Constitution.[10]

In December 2009 Russell was promoted to the Scottish Cabinet as Cabinet Secretary for Education and Lifelong Learning following the repositioning of Fiona Hyslop to Culture, Tourism and External Affairs.[11]

Russell left the Scottish Cabinet in November 2014, when Nicola Sturgeon took over as First Minister.[12] On 25 August 2016 he was appointed as the Scottish government's new minister with responsibility for Brexit negotiations with the UK government.[13]


For many years, Russell has campaigned for justice on behalf of former police detective, Shirley McKie, who was awarded £750,000 compensation by the Scottish Executive in a February 2006 out-of-court settlement. The Justice 1 committee of the Scottish Parliament conducted a nine-month inquiry into the McKie case in 2006, and its report was published on 15 February 2007.[14] In April 2007, Michael Russell and Shirley's father, Iain McKie, published a book on what they described as the worst miscarriage of justice in a generation: Shirley McKie – The Price of Innocence (ISBN 9781841585758). Shirley McKie's case assumed an international significance with a possible linkage to the case of convicted Lockerbie bomber, Abdelbaset al-Megrahi, who was granted leave to appeal against his conviction for a second time by the Scottish Criminal Cases Review Commission on 28 June 2007.[15] Megrahi's appeal began in Edinburgh on 28 April 2009,[16] and a public inquiry into the McKie case started in Glasgow on 2 June 2009.[17]

Russell supported the successful campaign to have The Tinkers' Heart in Argyll listed as a Scheduled Monument, with listing taking place in 2015.[18]

Academic careerEdit

In May 2015, the University of Glasgow announced that Russell would be taking up a part-time post as a professor of culture and governance.[19]


Russell attracted criticism regarding the negative depictions of Scottish towns and cities included in his 1998 travel book In Waiting: Travels In The Shadow Of Edwin Muir. In his book, Russell said of Glasgow: "Pull over and stop the car (if you dare) and walk into the closes smelling of urine and rubbish, cluttered with dirt and debris. It is not uncommon to have to step over a comatose body, with or without a needle by its side." The Scottish capital was also described in a less than positive light: "The flag on Edinburgh Castle is an awful mutant tablecloth and the National Trust for Scotland is arrogant and elitist."[20][21][22][23]

In November 2009, Russell was engaged in a controversy when his most senior aide was forced to resign after being exposed by the News of the World as the author of an online political blog with controversial content.[24][25] However, there was never any evidence that Russell had any direct connection with the political blog.[citation needed]

In January 2011 Russell was referred to the parliamentary standards watchdog over allegations that he tried to influence school closures for his own electoral benefit. "The MSP was reported to Holyrood's standards watchdog after a leaked email revealed he quizzed SNP councillors about their support for the axing of local schools. The message, sent from Mr Russell's parliamentary account, concerned proposed closures in the area where he is due to seek election in May. He now represents the South of Scotland but will stand as a candidate in Argyll & Bute."[26][27][28][29][30] Kilmodan Primary, the school nearest to Russell's home was later amongst those saved from closure as well as Toward Primary where his wife Cathleen was headteacher (Cathleen had also been headteacher at Kilmodan).[31][32][33] In January 2011 Mrs Russell transferred to Sandbank Primary School, which was safe from closure.[34]

Russell was also accused of interfering in school closure decisions taken by councils.[35] "The Convention of Scottish Local Authorities (Cosla), the body which represents council leaders, has now written to Mr Russell accusing him of failing to act in a "consistent, pragmatic and limited way"."[36] Russell was further accused of "bullying" in his dealings with Shetland Islands Council where the council was asked to postpone cost-cutting school closures. "Mr Russell was last night accused of "bullying" councils into agreeing to his moratorium. A senior local government source said: 'Russell is acting like a school bully on this and bullying councils into backing this delay.'" [37]

Books and publicationsEdit

Russell has written several book, including:[38]

  • Michael Russell, ed. (1990). Glasgow – The Book.
  • Michael Russell, ed. (1992). Edinburgh – A Celebration. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 978-1-85158-517-5.
  • Michael W. Russell (1997). A Poem of Remote Lives: Images of Eriskay, 1934 – Enigma of Werner Kissling, 1895–1988. Neil Wilson Publishing. ISBN 978-1-897784-46-4.
  • Michael W. Russell (1998). In Waiting: Travels in the Shadow of Edwin Muir. Neil Wilson Publishing. ISBN 978-1-897784-63-1.
  • Michael Russell (2002). A Different Country: Photographs by Werner Kissling. Werner Kissling (photog.). Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84158-245-0.
  • Winnie Ewing (2004). Michael Russell (ed.). Stop the World – The Autobiography of Winnie Ewing. Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84158-239-9.
  • Dennis MacLeod; Michael Russell (2006). Grasping the Thistle: How Scotland Must React to the Three Key Challenges of the Twenty First Century. Argyll Publishing. ISBN 978-1-902831-86-2.
  • Michael Russell (2007). The Next Big Thing: A Fable of Modern Scotland. Balnakeil Press. ISBN 978-1-905974-00-9.
  • Ian McKie; Michael Russell (2007). Shirley McKie: The Price of Innocence. Birlinn Ltd. ISBN 978-1-84158-575-8.

Personal lifeEdit

Russell married Cathleen MacAskill, a primary school head teacher, in March 1980 and they have one son Caileen "Cally" Russell(born 1988). Since August 1992 the family have lived in an 18th-century single story farm dwelling in Glendaruel on the Cowal peninsula in Argyll and Bute.[31][39]

Russell previously separated from his wife for a time after he lost his seat at Holyrood in 2003 and had an affair with his researcher Eilidh Bateman.[40][41] Bateman, who was 21 years his junior, later dumped Russell just 10 days after he publicly announced he was leaving his wife.[42][43]


  1. ^ "BBC News – Election 2011 – Scotland – Argyll & Bute". 11 May 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  2. ^ "Salmond announces his new cabinet". BBC News. 16 May 2007. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  3. ^ "FreeBMD Entry Info". Retrieved 6 May 2012.
  4. ^!/Feorlean/status/187278114248855553 Archived 6 May 2012 at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Old boy Michael Russell back at Marr College – Education". 30 April 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  6. ^ "Education Secretary Mike Russell: I was barred from old school for criticising it". The Daily Record. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  7. ^ "European Council landmark for Gaelic". BBC News. 9 May 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  8. ^ "Mike Russell addresses EU meeting in Gaelic". BBC News. 11 May 2010. Retrieved 2 May 2012.
  9. ^ "A DRAMA OUT OF A CRISIS; Commentary. – Free Online Library". 29 June 2004. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  10. ^ "Cabinet and ministers at-a-glance". BBC News. 8 December 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Demoted SNP education secretary endorses successor". BBC News. 1 December 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  12. ^ Brooks, Libby (22 November 2014). "Nicola Sturgeon announces Scottish cabinet with equal gender balance". The Guardian. Retrieved 21 December 2016.
  13. ^ "Michael Russell appointed Scottish Brexit minister". BBC News. 25 August 2016.
  14. ^ Scottish Parliament's Justice 1 committee report Archived 5 June 2011 at the Wayback Machine (pages 189–190 deal with Ms McKie's out-of-court compensation award)
  15. ^ Severin Carrell, Scotland correspondent (29 June 2007). "Libyan jailed over Lockerbie wins right to appeal". London: Guardian. Retrieved 12 May 2011.
  16. ^ John Robertson (20 May 2009). "Lockerbie bomber's legal team puts forward appeal bid". Edinburgh: The Scotsman. Retrieved 24 May 2009.
  17. ^ "McKie inquiry evidence to start". BBC News. 1 June 2009. Retrieved 2 June 2009.
  18. ^ "Tinker's Heart campaign pays off with official recognition". HeraldScotland. Retrieved 6 December 2017.
  19. ^ Denholm, Andrew (11 May 2015). "Former SNP minister joins Glasgow University". The Herald. Glasgow. Retrieved 21 June 2016.
  20. ^ Kevin Schofield (23 February 2009). "Exclusive: SNP's Mike Russell blasted over book which knocks Scotland". The Daily Record. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  21. ^ "Features : Dailly's weekly blog : THE FIRM : SCOTLAND'S INDEPENDENT LAW JOURNAL". 2 March 2009. Archived from the original on 23 January 2013. Retrieved 15 January 2012.
  22. ^ Johnson, Simon (23 February 2009). "Travel guide by Salmond's independence minister attacks 'grimy' Scotland". Telegraph. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  23. ^ "SNP's Mike Russell championed Tory-style voucher system for Scots education – Politics". 1 December 2009. Retrieved 16 January 2012.
  24. ^ "Parties demand Salmond holds blog smear inquiry". BBC News. 29 November 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  25. ^ "SNP aide Mark MacLachlan forced to quit over smears - News -". 28 November 2009. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  26. ^ Mclaughlin, Mark (6 January 2011). "Russell faces school axe 'meddling' probe | The Sun |Home Scotland|Scottish News". London: The Sun. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  27. ^ Campbell, Rita (3 January 2011). "Article – Education secretary accused of meddling over schools plans". Press and Journal. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  28. ^ "'Duplicitous' Mike Russell should go, say critics – News". 12 January 2011. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  29. ^ Robbie Dinwoodie, Chief Scottish Political Correspondent (4 January 2011). "Russell is accused of meddling in schools closure bid". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  30. ^ "Michael Russell 'compromised' after school closures e-mail leak – News". 4 January 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2012.
  31. ^ a b "Me & LInks". Archived from the original on 24 July 2009. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  32. ^ "1998: Mike Russell helps save school. 2010: Same primary faces axe again – News". 26 October 2010. Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  33. ^ Gordon Neish (26 October 2010). "Bleak News For Cowal Schools". Retrieved 19 November 2011.
  34. ^
  35. ^ Johnson, Simon (15 June 2011). "Mike Russell's 'intolerable pressure' on council over rural school closures". London: Telegraph. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  36. ^ Andrew Denholm Education Correspondent EXCLUSIVE (19 April 2011). "Don't interfere in school closures, Russell is told – Herald Scotland | News | Education". Herald Scotland. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  37. ^ "Minister accused of acting like school bully – News". Edinburgh: 15 June 2011. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  38. ^ "Michael Russell, Esq, MSP Authorised Biography – Debrett's People of Today, Michael Russell, Esq, MSP Profile". Archived from the original on 30 July 2012. Retrieved 13 January 2012.
  39. ^ "About Mike | Mike Russell MSP for South of Scotland". 13 March 2010. Archived from the original on 13 March 2010. Retrieved 17 November 2011.
  40. ^ "SNP tracks e-mail that revealed Mike Russell had left his wife for researcher". Herald Scotland. 27 May 2003. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  41. ^ "LOVE RAT NAT; SNP's Russell walks out on wife for affair with his researcher. – Free Online Library". 26 May 2003. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  42. ^ "There's no fool like an old fool; Love-cheat Nat dumped by his young girlfriend. – Free Online Library". 5 June 2003. Retrieved 6 March 2012.
  43. ^ "Blonde dumps top Nat love-rat Russell. – Free Online Library". 5 June 2003. Retrieved 6 March 2012.

External linksEdit

Party political offices
Preceded by
Alex Salmond
Scottish National Party Vice Convenor for Publicity
Succeeded by
John Swinney
Preceded by
New position
Chief Executive of the Scottish National Party
Succeeded by
Position vacant
next appointee: Peter Murrell