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Bed size

  (Redirected from Mattress size)
Single size bed

Standard bed sizes are based on standard mattress sizes, which vary from country to country. Bed sizes also vary according to the size and degree of ornamentation of the bed frame. Dimensions and names vary considerably around the world, with most countries having their own standards and terminology. In addition, two mattresses with the same nominal size may still have slightly different dimensions, due to manufacturing tolerances, amount of padding, and support type. In almost all territories, standard beds are rectangular but other shapes, notably circular, may be obtained by special order.

Contents

Table of common sizesEdit

Modern manufacturing conventions have produced many standard mattress and box spring sizes. Beds vary by country of origin as per the table below. These dimensions are for the mattress – actual bed frames are a little larger to accommodate the mattress. Mattress thickness varies considerably.

North America South America Europe Oceania Asia
US and Canada Brazil Colombia Continental Europe Scandinavia UK and Ireland Australia New Zealand China Japan Singapore Thailand
Small single
or Cot
76 cm × 191 cm
(30 in × 75 in)
80 cm × 190 cm
(31 in × 75 in)
80 cm × 190 cm
(31 in × 75 in)
60 cm × 190 cm
(24 in × 75 in)
91 cm × 188 cm
(36 in × 74 in)
85 cm × 195 cm
(33 in × 77 in)
Single, Twin,
or Bunk
97 cm × 191 cm
(38 in × 75 in)[1]
88 cm × 188 cm
(35 in × 74 in)
100 cm × 190 cm
(39 in × 75 in)
90 cm × 200 cm
(35 in × 79 in)
90 cm × 200 cm
(35 in × 79 in)
90 cm × 190 cm
(35 in × 75 in)
92 cm × 188 cm
(36 in × 74 in)
91 cm × 188 cm
(36 in × 74 in)
106 cm × 188 cm
(42 in × 74 in)
97 cm × 195 cm
(38 in × 77 in)
91 cm × 191 cm
(36 in × 75 in)
107 cm × 198 cm
(42 in × 78 in)
Twin extra long 97 cm × 203 cm
(38 in × 80 in)[1]
90 cm × 210 cm
(35 in × 83 in)
91 cm × 203 cm
(36 in × 80 in)
97 cm × 205 cm
(38 in × 81 in)
King single
or Super single
96 cm × 203 cm
(38 in × 80 in)
120 cm × 200 cm
(47 in × 79 in)
107 cm × 203 cm
(42 in × 80 in)
107 cm × 203 cm
(42 in × 80 in)
110 cm × 195 cm
(43 in × 77 in)
107 cm × 191 cm
(42 in × 75 in)
Small double
or Three-quarter
120 cm × 190 cm
(48 in × 75 in)
120 cm × 190 cm
(47 in × 75 in)
140 cm × 200 cm
(55 in × 79 in)
120 cm × 190 cm
(47 in × 75 in)
122 cm × 195 cm
(48 in × 77 in)
Full or Double 130 cm × 190 cm
(53 in × 75 in)
138 cm × 188 cm
(54 in × 74 in)
140 cm × 190 cm
(55 in × 75 in)
140 cm × 200 cm
(55 in × 79 in)
180 cm × 200 cm
(71 in × 79 in)
135 cm × 190 cm
(53 in × 75 in)
138 cm × 188 cm
(54 in × 74 in)
137 cm × 188 cm
(54 in × 74 in)
152 cm × 188 cm
(60 in × 74 in)
140 cm × 195 cm
(55 in × 77 in)
122 cm × 198 cm
(48 in × 78 in)
Double extra long 130 cm × 200 cm
(53 in × 80 in)
140 cm × 205 cm
(55 in × 81 in)
Queen 150 cm × 200 cm
(60 in × 80 in)
158 cm × 198 cm
(62 in × 78 in)
160 cm × 190 cm
(63 in × 75 in)
152 cm × 203 cm
(60 in × 80 in)
152 cm × 203 cm
(60 in × 80 in)
182 cm × 188 cm
(72 in × 74 in)
154 cm × 195 cm
(61 in × 77 in)
152 cm × 191 cm
(60 in × 75 in)
152 cm × 198 cm
(60 in × 78 in)
Expanded, Super,
or Olympic queen
170 cm × 200 cm
(66 in × 80 in)
180 cm × 190 cm
(71 in × 75 in)
King or Eastern King 190 cm × 200 cm
(76 in × 80 in) or
500 cm2 (78 in2)
193 cm × 203 cm
(76 in × 80 in)
200 cm × 200 cm
(79 in × 79 in)
160 cm × 200 cm
(63 in × 79 in)
152 cm × 198 cm
(60 in × 78 in)
183 cm × 203 cm
(72 in × 80 in)
167 cm × 203 cm
(66 in × 80 in)
182 cm × 212 cm
(72 in × 83 in)
170 cm × 195 cm
(67 in × 77 in)
183 cm × 191 cm
(72 in × 75 in)
183 cm × 198 cm
(72 in × 78 in)
California King,
Western King, or King long
180 cm × 210 cm
(72 in × 84 in)
180 cm × 210 cm
(72 in × 84 in)
200 cm × 200 cm
(80 in × 80 in)
170 cm × 205 cm
(67 in × 81 in)
Grand King Super King,
Athletic King, or Texas King
200 cm × 250 cm
(80 in × 98 in)
180 cm × 200 cm
(71 in × 79 in)
180 cm × 200 cm
(71 in × 79 in)
203 cm × 203 cm
(80 in × 80 in)
183 cm × 203 cm
(72 in × 80 in)
194 cm × 205 cm
(76 in × 81 in)
Large Emperor 213 cm × 213 cm
(84 in × 84 in)
Caesar 245 cm × 200 cm
(96 in × 79 in)

Canada and United StatesEdit

 
Standard North American bed sizes
 
A pillowtop queen-size mattress.
Size Inches Centimetres Notes
Twin or single 38 x 75 97 x 191 There is a common misconception that a single bed is sometimes smaller than a twin.[2]
Full or double 53 x 75 135 x 191
Queen 60 x 80 152 x 203
King 76 x 80 193 x 203 Foundation or box spring size can be of two single L or twin XL.
California King 72 x 84 183 x 213
Single L or twin XL 39 x 80 99 x 203 [3]
Three-quarters 48 x 75 122 x 191 [4]
Full XL 53 x 80 135 x 203
Texas (or athletic) king 80 x 98 203 x 249
California queen waterbed insert 58 x 82 147 x 208 Used for conventional mattresses inside a waterbed frame. Subtract 2 inches from California queen waterbed size
California king waterbed insert 70 x 82 178 x 208 Used for conventional mattresses inside a waterbed frame. Subtract 2 inches from California king waterbed size

EuropeEdit

UK and IrelandEdit

 
Standard UK and Ireland sizes

In the United Kingdom and Ireland beds are measured according to the size of mattress they hold not the dimensions of the bed frame itself, bed sizes are not standardised and may differ between manufacturers.[5][6] Below are the typical bed sizes from the National Bed Federation, which is the trade association for the majority of British and Irish bed manufacturers and their suppliers.[7] Note the metric and imperial sizes are not exact equivalents and generally there can be a tolerance of up to +/-2 centimetres (0.8 in) in quoted measurements and the size of the mattress itself.[5][8]

Size Dimensions Notes
Feet & Inches Inches  Centimetres
Small Single 2'6" × 6'3"[6] 30 × 75 75 × 190 Common UK size for single-person hospitality (zip & link) twin beds as beds can be combined to make a short King bed.[citation needed]
Single 3' × 6'3"[6] 36 × 75 90 × 190 Also a standard hospitality sized single-person twin bed in Ireland,[citation needed] two mattresses can be zip linked to make a short Super King bed.
Small Double 4' × 6'3" [6] 48 × 75 120 × 190 Known also as a ​34 bed, for one person although can fit two.[9]
Double 4'6" × 6'3"[6] 54 × 75 135 × 190
King 5' × 6'6"[6] 60 × 78 150 × 200 This is the closest bed to the American Queen size bed, 60 by 80 inches (150 cm × 200 cm).[9] Best for two persons.
Super King 6' × 6'6"[6] 72 × 78 180 × 200 Can fit three persons.

less commonly used sizes include:

  • Toddler size: 2'6" × 4'8" or 75 by 140 centimetres (30 in × 56 in)[9]
  • Emperor: 7' × 7' or 215 by 215 centimetres (84 in × 84 in), though size can vary by manufacturer[10]

As well as standard sizes, European common sizes are also sometimes found in the UK from imports and IKEA.[6][11]

Size Dimensions Notes
Feet & Inches Inches Centimetres
European Single 3' × 6'6"[11] 36 × 78 90 × 200 Two mattresses can be zip linked to make a Super King bed.
European Double 4'7" × 6'6"[11] 55 × 78 140 × 200
European King 5'3" × 6'6"[11] 63 × 78 160 × 200

While many companies in the UK do offer bespoke bed making services, most mass-produced bed linens, bed frames and mattresses fit only the standard bed sizes above.

FranceEdit

Single size beds are usually 90 centimetres (35 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long.

Most common sizes for double beds are:
140 centimetres (55 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long
160 centimetres (63 in) wide by 200 centimetres (79 in) long
180 centimetres (71 in) wide by 200 centimetres (79 in) long (less common, but increasing popularity).

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from IKEA), the 200 centimetres (79 in) length is becoming more common.[citation needed]

ItalyEdit

In Italy, beds are classified by name and use the term Piazza as in "one place" Standard sizes are:[12]

Una piazza or singolo ("single")
80 or 90 centimetres (31 or 35 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long.
Una piazza e mezza (11/2)
120 centimetres (47 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long.
Due piazze or letto matrimoniale
160 or 180 centimetres (63 or 71 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long long

Less common:[citation needed]

Piazza francese or "Piazza e Mezza francese"
140 centimetres (55 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long

Due to the popularity of imported beds (especially from IKEA), the 200 centimetres (79 in) length is becoming more common.[citation needed]

Northern EuropeEdit

These sizes are for Germany, Poland, Netherlands, Belgium, Norway, Sweden, Denmark, Iceland, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. There are some variations between the Nordic countries and the Baltic nations, but these are the most common sizes:

Single:

  • 80 cm × 190 cm (31 in × 75 in), traditional standard for bunk beds in Germany
  • 90 cm × 190 cm (35 in × 75 in), traditional standard in Germany
  • 75 cm × 200 cm (30 in × 79 in), standard in Norway[citation needed]
  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in), common variant in Finland[citation needed]
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in), standard single bed in Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Germany, also common in The Netherlands
  • 90 cm × 210 cm (35 in × 83 in)
  • 90 cm × 220 cm (35 in × 87 in), extra large variant in The Netherlands
  • 100 cm × 200 cm (39 in × 79 in), now very common in Germany
  • 105 cm × 200 cm (41 in × 79 in)
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)[citation needed]

Three-Quarter:

  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), less common in Scandinavia
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in), very common three-quarters in Scandinavia

Double:

  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), referred to as a "doubter" in the Netherlands, somewhat common for younger people
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in)
  • 150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in), common
  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in), very common[citation needed], common variant in Finland[citation needed]
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), very common double bed in current Danish, Swedish and Norwegian standards[citation needed]
  • 180 cm × 210 cm (71 in × 83 in)
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in) (very wide)

Most beds are 200 cm (79 in) cm long. Extra long beds are usually 220 cm (87 in), but they are rare.

PortugalEdit

In Portugal the most common sizes for beds are:

Solteiro (single) 80 centimetres (31 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in) long (can go up to 105 cm wide by 200 cm long)

Casal (double) 140 centimetres (55 in) wide by 190 centimetres (75 in), 195 or 200 cm long

Queen Size 160 centimetres (63 in) or 180 centimetres (71 in) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

King Size 180 centimetres (71 in) wide by 190, 195 or 200 cm long

Super King Size 200 centimetres (79 in) wide by 200 cm long

SpainEdit

In Spain the most common sizes are:

180/190/200 cm long

80/90/105/120/135/150 cm wide, the most common:

"Individual" (single) = 90 cm wide

"Matrimonio" (marital) = 135/150 cm wide

SwitzerlandEdit

Single:

  • 70 cm × 200 cm (28 in × 79 in), only used for double beds with two separate mattresses
  • 80 cm × 200 cm (31 in × 79 in), only used for double beds with two separate mattresses
  • 90 cm × 200 cm (35 in × 79 in), common single bed
  • 120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in), uncommon, mainly available as European-style futon beds that are sold with mattress, slats and frame
  • 140 cm × 200 cm (55 in × 79 in), common, especially among young people

Double:

  • 160 cm × 200 cm (63 in × 79 in), common
  • 180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in), common
  • 200 cm × 200 cm (79 in × 79 in)

OceaniaEdit

AustraliaEdit

The following bed sizes are available in Australia

Single
92cm x 188cm[13] (36in x 74in)
Long Single
92cm x 204cm (36in x 80in)
Three-quarter (obsolete, but still present)
120 cm × 188 cm (47in x 74in)
King Single
107cm x 203cm (42in x 80in)
Double
138cm x 188cm (54in x 74in)
Queen
153cm x 203cm (60in x 80in - Same as American Queen)
King
183cm x 203cm (72in x 80in)
California King
183cm x 213cm (72in x 82in)
Super King
204 cm x 204cm (80in x 80in)

New ZealandEdit

The following bed sizes are available in New Zealand

Single
91cm x 188cm
Single XL
91cm x 203cm
Three-quarter (uncommon)
120 cm × 188 cm
King Single
107cm x 203cm
Double
137cm x 188cm
Queen
153cm x 203cm
King
167cm x 203cm
Super King
183cm x 203cm
Californian King
203cm x 203cm
Water Bed King
213cm x 203cm

AfricaEdit

South AfricaEdit

Comprehensive list of bed sizes in South Africa:

Single 
92 cm × 188 cm
Single XL 
92 cm × 200 cm
Three-quarter 
107 cm × 188 cm
Three-quarter XL
107 cm × 200 cm
Double
137 cm × 188 cm
Double XL 
137 cm × 200 cm
Queen 
152 cm × 188 cm
Queen XL 
dimensions 152 cm × 200 cm
King 
183 cm × 188 cm (equal to the width of two single mattresses)
King XL 
183 cm × 200 cm (equal to the width of two single mattresses)

XL mattress sizes vary only in length but not in width.

AsiaEdit

ChinaEdit

In China, the regulation standard has following sizes available:[14]

  • Length: 1900 mm, 1950 mm, 2000 mm, 2100 mm;
  • Width: Single: 800 mm, 900 mm, 1000 mm, 1100 mm, 1200 mm;
  • Width: Double: 1350 mm, 1400 mm, 1500 mm, 1800 mm.

In practice, bed sizes are usually categorized by the width. The length is typically two metres, but may vary. The most common sizes are:

1.2 m
120 cm × 200 cm (47 in × 79 in)
1.5 m
150 cm × 200 cm (59 in × 79 in)
1.8 m
180 cm × 200 cm (71 in × 79 in)

There are also extra size beds available, but they are less common.

Indonesia, Singapore, and MalaysiaEdit

The following bed sizes are available in Indonesia, Singapore, and Malaysia:

Single 
36 in × 75 in (91 cm x 191 cm)
Twin size 
39 in × 75 in (99 cm × 191 cm)
Super single 
42 in × 75 in (106 cm x 191 cm)
Queen (double) 
60 in × 75 in (152 cm × 191 cm)
King (double)
72 in × 75 in (183 cm × 191 cm)

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Mattress Sizes". Better Sleep. Retrieved 20 March 2018.
  2. ^ Apodaca, Frank (25 March 2017). "Single vs Twin Bed Size". The Sleep Judge. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  3. ^ Auer, Joe (22 December 2016). "Mattress Sizes And Dimensions- A Comprehensive Overview". Mattress Clarity. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  4. ^ "What size is a three-quarter bed?". Reference. Retrieved 2 April 2017.
  5. ^ a b "NBF Guidelines: Standard Bed Sizes". National Bed Federation. Archived from the original on 17 December 2013.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h "National Bed Federation Bed Buyers' Guide" (PDF). National Bed Federation. 2018.
  7. ^ "Trade Association Elects New President". National Bed Federation. 8 May 2018.
  8. ^ "NBF Guidelines: Tolerances". National Bed Federation. Archived from the original on 2 May 2013.
  9. ^ a b c "Mattress size guide". www.dreams.co.uk. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  10. ^ F&Q How big is an emperor bed UK? thebigbedcompany.com
  11. ^ a b c d "Bed buyer's guide". IKEA. Retrieved 31 December 2018.
  12. ^ Tiwatne, Sid (20 Jan 2018). "Mattress Dimension Guide". Nectar Sleep. Retrieved 28 March 2018.
  13. ^ "Single Bed Size & Mattress Dimensions — Standard". www.standardbedsizes.com. Retrieved 2017-12-11.
  14. ^ "中华人民共和国轻工业标准 QB/T1952.2—99 -- 弹 簧 软 床 垫". 国家轻工业局. 1999-07-12. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04. Retrieved 2015-10-11.

External linksEdit

  •   Media related to Beds at Wikimedia Commons
  •   Media related to Mattresses at Wikimedia Commons