Diocese of Martyropolis

  (Redirected from Martiria)
Saint Maruthas, Bishop of Martyropolis in Mesopotamia.

Martyropolis is a historical episcopal see of early Christianity,[1] in what was the Roman province of Mesopotamia,[2] now located in modern Turkey.[3] It is now a titular see of the Roman Catholic Church.

Historical dioceseEdit

The diocese was centered on what is now Silvan, Diyarbakır in the province of Mesopotamia.[4][5][6][7][8]

Known bishopsEdit

Catholic titular seesEdit

Latin archepiscopal titular seeEdit

The diocese was nominally restored when a Latin (Roman Rite) titular bishopric was established under the name Martiria, of the lowest (episcopal) rank. Around 1830 it was renamed Martyropolis, and in 1932 it was promoted to titular archdiocese.

It is vacant since 1967, having had the following incumbents:

Titular bishops of Martiria
  • Luis Norman (Horman), Friars Minor (O.F.M.) † (17 July 1560 Appointed – )
  • Angelus Pereira, Carmelite Order (O. Carm.) † (15 May 1600 Appointed – 21 June 1614 Died)
  • Cristovão de Almeida, *O.S.A. † (16 Nov 1671 Appointed – 26 Oct 1679 Died)
  • Jan Mikolaj Zgierski † (2 Jan 1696 Appointed – 25 Jan 1706 Appointed, Bishop of Smolensk)
  • Francesco Martinengo † (19 Oct 1711 Appointed – 25 March 1746 Died)
  • Fabian Franziszek Plaskowski † (25 May 1750 Appointed – 18 Feb 1784 Died)
  • Josephus Korytkowski † (26 Sep 1785 Appointed – 11 June 1790 Died)
  • Michal Mateusz Kosmowski, *C.R.L. † (26 Sep 1791 Appointed – 11 Oct 1804 Died)
Titular bishops of Martyropolis
  • John Charles Prince † (5 July 1844 Appointed – 8 June 1852 Appointed, Bishop of Saint-Hyacinthe, Québec)
  • Joseph William Hendren, O.F.M. † (25 Feb 1853 Appointed – 14 Nov 1866 Died)
  • Joaquín Larraín Gandarillas † (31 Dec 1877 Appointed – 15 June 1893 Appointed, Titular Archbishop of Anazarbus)
  • Gusztáv Károly Majláth † (26 March 1897 Appointed – 28 June 1897 Succeeded, Bishop of Transilvania, Erdély, Siebenbürgen)
  • José Ramón Astorga Salinas † (22 June 1899 Appointed – 3 Dec 1906 Died)
  • António Alves Ferreira † (19 Dec 1907 Appointed – 2 July 1911 Succeeded, Bishop of Viseu)
  • Gyözö Horváth † (26 March 1912 Appointed – 19 Dec 1944 Died)
Titular archbishops of Martyropolis

Syrian Catholic episcopal titular seeEdit

A titular see of the Syrian Catholic (Antiochian Rite) church was also established, but suppressed in 1929, without a single recorded incumbent.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Edwards, Robert W., "Martyropolis" (2016). The Eerdmans Encyclopedia of Early Christian Art and Archaeology, ed., Paul Corby Finney. Grand Rapids, Michigan: William B. Eerdmans Publishing. p. 115. ISBN 978-0-8028-9017-7.
  2. ^ Joseph Bingham, Origines Ecclesiasticae; Or the Antiquities of the Christian Church and Other Works: In Nine Volumes, Volume 3 (Straker, 1843), p70.
  3. ^ Syrian Titular Episcopal See of Martyropolis GCatholic.org.
  4. ^ Martyropolis at Catholic Encyclopedia
  5. ^ (de l'Imprimerie royale, 1779) Jean-Baptiste Bourguignon d' Anville L'Euphrate et le TigreJean-Baptiste Bourguignon d' Anville page 86.
  6. ^ M. Th. Houtsma E.J. Brill's First Encyclopaedia of Islam, 1913–1936, Volume 5 (BRILL, 1993) page 157-158.
  7. ^ T. A. Sinclair, Eastern Turkey: An Architectural & Archaeological Survey, Volume III (Pindar Press, 31 Dec 1989) page 142.
  8. ^ W. M. Ramsay, The Historical Geography of Asia Minor (Cambridge University Press, 2010).
  9. ^ Richard Price, Michael Gaddis, The Acts of the Council of Chalcedon, (Liverpool University Press, 2005) p123.

Sources and external linksEdit