Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland

  (Redirected from Marszałek senatu)

The Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland (Polish: Marszałek Senatu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej) is a presiding officer of the Senate of Poland. He or she is also third person according to the Polish order of precedence, after President of the Republic of Poland and Sejm Marshal, and second in line to become Acting President of the Republic of Poland (after Sejm Marshal; in period 1935-1939 Senate Marshal was the first). Because of both precedence order and succession order, he or she is commonly referred to as the "third person in state". The person who functions as their second-in-command is the Deputy Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland.

Marshal of the Senate of the Republic of Poland
Marszałek Senatu Rzeczypospolitej Polskiej
Emblem of the Senate of Poland with text.svg
Tomasz Grodzki Kancelaria Senatu 2015.jpg
Incumbent
Tomasz Grodzki

since 12 November 2019 (2019-11-12)
AppointerThe Senate
Formation1922
First holderWojciech Trąmpczyński
Pommel of the Marshal's staff

RoleEdit

Marshal:

  • Represent Senate
  • Preside over Senate sessions
  • Preside over Senate Presidium and caucus of heads of Senatorial caucuses (Konwent Seniorów) meetings
  • Performing some representative roles on the state level
  • Becoming Acting President when Sejm Marshal cannot do so
  • Is in charge on peacekeeping in the Senate

HistoryEdit

Marshals of the Senate existed as early as the Duchy of Warsaw (19th century). In the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, the role was performed by the Grand Crown Marshals.

List of officeholdersEdit

Second RepublicEdit

In Second Polish Republic:
No Image Name Senate Period Party
1   Wojciech Trąmpczyński I November 28, 1922 - March 26, 1928
2   Julian Szymański II March 27, 1928 – December 8, 1930 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
3   Władysław Raczkiewicz III December 9, 1930 – October 3, 1935 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
4   Aleksander Prystor IV October 4, 1935 – November 27, 1938 Nonpartisan Bloc for Cooperation with the Government
5   Bogusław Miedziński V November 28, 1938 – November 2, 1939 Camp of National Unity

The office was interrupted by German invasion of Poland in 1939 and not reinstated in People's Republic of Poland.

Third RepublicEdit

In modern Poland:
No Name District Senate Period Party
1 Andrzej Stelmachowski   Białystok I November 22, 1989 – November 26, 1991 Obywatelski Klub Parlamentarny
2 August Chełkowski   Katowice II November 26, 1991 – October 15, 1993 Solidarity
3 Adam Struzik   Płock III October 26, 1993 – October 19, 1997 Polish Peasant Party
4 Alicja Grześkowiak   Toruń IV October 21, 1997 – October 18, 2001 Solidarity Electoral Action
5 Longin Pastusiak   24 Gdańsk V October 20, 2001 – October 18, 2005 Democratic Left Alliance
6 Bogdan Borusewicz   65 Gdańsk VI

VII

VIII

October 20, 2005 – November 11, 2015 Independent / Civic Platform
7 Stanisław Karczewski   49 Kozienice IX November 12, 2015 – November 11, 2019 Law and Justice
8 Tomasz Grodzki   97 Szczecin X November 12, 2019 – present Civic Platform

See alsoEdit