The Marmifera, full name Italian: Ferrovia Marmifera Privata di Carrara, lit. 'private marble railway of Carrara', was an Italian industrial railway used for the transport of Carrara marble from the quarries of the municipal territory of Carrara, Tuscany. The route extended from the hillside village of Colonnata to the port of Marina di Carrara.
Viaduct of Vara
Marina di Carrara
|Owner||Società Ferrovia Marmifera Privata di Carrara|
|Line length||16.50 km (10.25 mi)|
|Number of tracks||Single track|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8 1⁄2 in)|
The railway, projected in 1866, was inaugurated in 1876 and was connected to the pre-existent Avenza-Carrara railway (1866), linking the main station of Carrara Avenza to Carrara San Martino, in city centre. A subsequent expansion to the quarries below the Apuan Alps (Gioia, Ravaccione-Polvaccio and Colonnata) was proposed in 1885. Work began in 1887 and the new branch was inaugurated on 15 May 1890. The line was owned by the SFMPC (Società Ferrovia Marmifera Privata di Carrara) and operated by the SFAI (Società per le strade ferrate dell'Alta Italia).
Even if its bridges were damaged by bombings and sabotages during the Second World War, the line was practically in continuous operation from 1876 to 1964, when it was closed due to competition from road traffic. In 1969 it was closed also the passenger route Avenza-Carrara and the rail tracks dismantled.
Nowadays, apart Avenza FS station, the only area in which the railway is operating is the port of Carrara, connected to the Pisa-La Spezia-Genoa line with a pair of industrial lines. It is part of a route of industrial archaeology and, since 2003 its stations, quarries and bridges over the Vara, have been included in the Archaeological Park of the Apuan Alps.
The railway line started in the hill village of Colonnata and, following a tortuous path, connects some hill hamlets of Carrara, as Miseglia and Torano, and several quarries, through some branches. Subsequently the railway runs through the city of Carrara and, from San Martino to Avenza station follows a path almost parallel to that of the passenger line. From Avenza FS station to the port, in Marina di Carrara, the line follows a straight parallel to that of the former tramway, with a small branch to the station of Covetta. The only stations passenger service was the one from Avenza to San Martino stations.
|Serving the quarry Gioia|
|Junctions to Fantiscritti and Ravaccione quarries|
|Junction to Piastra quarry|
|Junction to Canalie quarry|
|Junction branch from Carrara S. Martino station|
|Carrara San Martino||
|Passenger station of the Avenza-Carrara line|
|Peghini (Carrara)||Junction branch from Carrara San Martino station|
|Fiorino (Carrara)||Junction branch from Avenza station|
|FS station on the Pisa-Genoa line|
Junction to the port of Carrara and the former tramway line
|Covetta (Carrara)||Junction branch from Avenza station|
|Marina di Carrara||
|Port of Carrara|
- (in Italian) Infos on the Marmifera di Carrara website
- (in Italian) Avenza-Carrara railway on ferrovieabbandonate.it (site about abandoned railways)
- (in Italian) History of Marmifera di Carrara (part 2)
- (in Italian) History of Marmifera di Carrara (part 3)
- (in Italian) The "Marmifera" railway on "Carrara Online"
- (in Italian) Article about the Marmifera and SFMPC on Carrara official municipal website Archived 2014-02-22 at the Wayback Machine
- (in Italian) History of Marmifera di Carrara (part 5)
- (in Italian) List of possible heritage sites in the Apuan Alps National Park (see page 3, section 7)
- Map of Marmifera railway
- Map of Carrara Tramway
- "General Timetable of Italian Railways", July 1933. Éditions du Cabri, 1984. ISBN 2-903310-39-4.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Carrara Private Marble railway.|