Markanda River, Haryana
The Markanda river (Hindi: मारकंडा नदी) in Himachal Pradesh and Haryana states of India is a tributary of Ghaggar river, flowing through Sirmaur District, Ambala district and Shahabad Markanda town in Kurukshetra district.. The Markanda river's ancient name was Aruna.
|Native name||मारकंडा नदी (Hindi)|
|⁃ location||Near Katasan Devi Temple, Baraban, Sirmaur District, Himachal Pradesh|
|Length||90 km (56 mi)|
|⁃ location||Ghaggar river in Haryana|
|⁃ left||Begna river|
|Waterbodies||Jalbehra barrage in Kurukshetra|
|Bridges||Markanda Bridge, Haryana|
Origin and routeEdit
The Markanda river originates in the Shivalik hills on the border of Haryana and Himachal Pradesh State, and flows along the haryana and Punjab, India border before meeting with Ghaggar river at the confluence.
Indus-Sarasvati civilisation major sites
- Dangri, a tributary of Sarsuti
- Tangri river, a tributary of Sarsuti, merge if Dangri and Tangri are same
- Sarsuti, a tributary of Ghaggar-Hakra River
- Kaushalya river, a tributary of Ghaggar-Hakra River
- Chautang, a tributary of Ghaggar-Hakra River
- Sutlej, a tributary of Indus
- Western Yamuna Canal, branches off Yamuna
- AmbalaOnline - Rrvers of Ambala
- Chopra, Sanjeev (25 September 2010). "Overflowing Ghaggar, Tangri inundate some villages along Punjab-Haryana border". The Indian Express. Retrieved 9 April 2017.
- Shanker Sharma, Hari; Kalwar, S. C. (2005). Geomorphology and Environmental Sustainability: Felicitation Volume in Honour of Professor H.S. Sharma. Concept Publishing Company. p. 61. ISBN 978-81-8069-028-0.
- HaryanaOnline - Geography of Haryana Archived 1 February 2016 at the Wayback Machine
- Possehl, Gregory L. (December 1997), "The Transformation of the Indus Civilization", Journal of World Prehistory, 11 (4): 425–472, doi:10.1007/bf02220556, JSTOR 25801118
- Kenoyer, J. M. (1997), "Early City-states in South Asia: Comparing the Harappan Phase and the Early Historic Period", in D. L. Nichols; T. H. Charlton (eds.), The Archaeology of City States: Cross Cultural Approaches, Washington: Smithsonian Institution, pp. 52–70, ISBN 1560987227
- Allchin, Bridget; Allchin, Raymond (1982), The Rise of Civilization in India and Pakistan, Cambridge University Press, p. 160, ISBN 978-0-521-28550-6
- Erdosy 1995, p. 44.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ghaggar-Hakra river.|
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|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Indus Valley Civilization.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Yamuna.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Drishadvati river.|
- Sarasvati-Sindhu civilization and Sarasvati River
- The Saraswati: Where lies the mystery by Saswati Paik