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Marcus Junius C. f. M. n. Silanus (c. 26 BC – 37)[1] was an Ancient Roman senator who became suffect consul in 15.[2] His daughter Junia Claudilla was the first wife of Emperor Caligula.[2] His brother was a senator named Decimus Junius Silanus who was banished for having an affair with Vipsania Julia during the reign of Augustus.[2] According to Ronald Syme, he had another brother, Gaius Junius Silanus, the consul of AD 10. His father's name was also Gaius Junius Silanus.[3]

Ancient historians considered Marcus Silanus a highly respected man. When Tiberius came to power, if a judicial decision made by Silanus were appealed to the emperor, Tiberius invariably rejected the appeal, trusting Silanus' decision, and sent the case back to him.[2][4] He also had the honor of casting the first vote in the Senate,[1] and Silanus successfully talked Tiberius into recalling the banishment of his brother Decimus.[2]

In 33, his daughter Junia Claudilla married Caligula.[2][5] She died in 36[6] or early 37[7] but according to Philo, Silanus continued to treat Caligula as his own son.[8] In November or December of 37, Caligula had him executed for unclear reasons. Suetonius claims he plotted against Caligula[9] while Philo and other sources claim the emperor was simply annoyed by him.[1][8]


See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c Barrett (1989), p. 76
  2. ^ a b c d e f Barrett (1989), p. 32
  3. ^ Syme (1986), p.194–195
  4. ^ Ferrill (1991), p. 86
  5. ^ Garzetti (1974), p. 73
  6. ^ Ferrill (1991), p. 106
  7. ^ Garzetti (1974), p. 86
  8. ^ a b Philo, 65
  9. ^ Suetonius, 23.3


  • Barrett, Anthony A. (1989). Caligula: The Corruption of Power. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 0-300-04653-7.
  • Ferrill, Arther (1991) Caligula: Emperor of Rome. New York: Thames and Hudson. ISBN 0-500-25112-6.
  • Garzetti, Albino (1976) From Tiberius to the Antonines: A History of the Roman Empire from AD 12-192. London: Methuen & Co. LTD. ISBN 0-416-70480-8.
  • Suetonius, Life of Caligula
  • Syme, Ronald, The Augustan Aristocracy
  • Philo, On Embassy to Gaius

External linksEdit