There very moderate seismic activity along both these trenches, and their status as an active subduction zone has been challenged. A relative motion of 10 mm/a (0.39 in/year) or less has, nevertheless, been suggested for the Manus Trench, roughly normal to the trench.
The Kilinailau Trench east of New Ireland forms the continuation to the Manus Trench and is thought to mark the boundary between the Pacific and North Bismarck plates. It is, however, disputed whether the Caroline Plate moves independently from the Pacific Plate. If not, the Manus and Kilinailau trenches form the Pacific-North Bismarck boundary together.
Perpendicular to the two trenches is another trench, the Mussau Trench separating the Caroline Plate and Pacific Plate.
- Tregoning 2002, North Bismarck/Pacific Boundary, p. 6
- Tregoning, P. (2002). "Plate kinematics in the western Pacific derived from geodetic observations" (PDF). Journal of Geophysical Research: Solid Earth. 107 (B1). doi:10.1029/2001JB000406. Retrieved 7 January 2015.
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