Manuel Prado Ugarteche
Manuel Carlos Prado y Ugarteche (April 21, 1889 – August 15, 1967) was a banker who served twice as President of Peru. Son of former president Mariano Ignacio Prado, he was born in Lima and served as the nation's 50th (1939 - 1945) and 54th (1956 - 1962) President. His brother, Leoncio Prado Gutiérrez, was a military hero who died in 1883, six years before Manuel Prado was born.
|50th & 54th President of Peru|
July 28, 1956 – July 18, 1962
|Vice President||Luis Gallo Porras|
Carlos Moreyra y Paz Soldán
|Preceded by||Manuel A. Odría|
|Succeeded by||Ricardo Pérez Godoy|
December 8, 1939 – July 28, 1945
|Vice President||Rafael Larco Herrera|
Carlos D. Gibson
|Preceded by||Oscar R. Benavides|
|Succeeded by||José Bustamante y Rivero|
|Born||April 21, 1889|
|Died||August 15, 1967 (aged 78)|
|Cause of death||Myocardial infarction|
|Political party||Pradist Democratic Movement|
|Spouse(s)||Enriqueta Garland Higginson|
Clorinda Málaga de Prado
|Parents||Mariano Ignacio Prado|
María Magdalena Ugarteche Gutiérrez de Cossío
Manuel Prado, a conservative patriarch of a wealthy and powerful family, reached the presidency of Peru with the help of the left-wing Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana party. Prado announced that "one of the first acts of my government will be to declare a general political amnesty and put an end to the proscription of political parties."
During Prado's second presidency (1956–1962), the only significant proscribed party was the APRA (American Popular Revolutionary Alliance), which was thrown out of power and outlawed in 1948 by President Manuel Odría. Prado announced that he would submit to the newly elected Congress a bill to legalize APRA once again. The bill was later passed and the APRA's famed founder, Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, returned from foreign exile.
In foreign policy, Prado – whose greatest pride was that as President in 1942 he made Peru the first of the South American nations to break off relations with the Axis Powers– was expected to side firmly with the U.S. There is documentary evidence that shows that Prado's enthusiastic support of the deportation of Peruvians of Japanese descent to the United States during World War II was motivated by a desire to rid Peru of all of its Japanese-descended residents—a charge which some historians have argued amounted to a campaign of ethnic cleansing.
- Varner, Natasha. "The plight of Japanese Peruvians in America". The Week. The Week Publications, Inc. (01-13-2019).
| President of Peru
| President of Peru
Ricardo Pérez Godoy
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