Manuel Prado Ugarteche

  (Redirected from Manuel Prado y Ugarteche)

Manuel Carlos Prado y Ugarteche (April 21, 1889 – August 15, 1967) was a banker who served twice as President of Peru. Son of former president Mariano Ignacio Prado, he was born in Lima and served as the nation's 50th (1939 - 1945) and 54th (1956 - 1962) President. His brother, Leoncio Prado Gutiérrez, was a military hero who died in 1883, six years before Manuel Prado was born.

Manuel Prado
Manuel Prado Ugarteche 1961.jpg
50th & 54th President of Peru
In office
July 28, 1956 – July 18, 1962
Vice PresidentLuis Gallo Porras
Carlos Moreyra y Paz Soldán
Preceded byManuel A. Odría
Succeeded byRicardo Pérez Godoy
In office
December 8, 1939 – July 28, 1945
Vice PresidentRafael Larco Herrera
Carlos D. Gibson
Preceded byOscar R. Benavides
Succeeded byJosé Bustamante y Rivero
Personal details
Born(1889-04-21)April 21, 1889
Lima, Peru
DiedAugust 15, 1967(1967-08-15) (aged 78)
Paris, France
Cause of deathMyocardial infarction[1]
Political partyPradist Democratic Movement
Spouse(s)Enriqueta Garland Higginson
Clorinda Málaga de Prado
ParentsMariano Ignacio Prado
María Magdalena Ugarteche Gutiérrez de Cossío

As a young army officer, Prado was a key player in the coup that overthrew President Guillermo Billinghurst in 1914. He became president of the Central Reserve Bank in 1934.

Manuel Prado, a conservative patriarch of a wealthy and powerful family, reached the presidency of Peru with the help of the left-wing Alianza Popular Revolucionaria Americana party. Prado announced that "one of the first acts of my government will be to declare a general political amnesty and put an end to the proscription of political parties."

During Prado's second presidency (1956–1962), the only significant proscribed party was the APRA (American Popular Revolutionary Alliance), which was thrown out of power and outlawed in 1948 by President Manuel Odría. Prado announced that he would submit to the newly elected Congress a bill to legalize APRA once again. The bill was later passed and the APRA's famed founder, Víctor Raúl Haya de la Torre, returned from foreign exile.

In foreign policy, Prado – whose greatest pride was that as President in 1942 he made Peru the first of the South American nations to break off relations with the Axis Powers– was expected to side firmly with the U.S. There is documentary evidence that shows that Prado's enthusiastic support of the deportation of Peruvians of Japanese descent to the United States during World War II was motivated by a desire to rid Peru of all of its Japanese-descended residents—a charge which some historians have argued amounted to a campaign of ethnic cleansing.[2]

See alsoEdit


  1. ^
  2. ^ Varner, Natasha. "The plight of Japanese Peruvians in America". The Week. The Week Publications, Inc. (01-13-2019).
Political offices
Preceded by
Óscar Benavides
President of Peru
Succeeded by
José Bustamante
Preceded by
Manuel Odría
President of Peru
Succeeded by
Ricardo Pérez Godoy