2001 Malagasy presidential election

Presidential elections were held in Madagascar on 16 December 2001. Initial results suggested a second round was necessary, as neither incumbent President Didier Ratsiraka nor Marc Ravalomanana, the two main candidates, had won a majority. However, Ravalomanana rejected the results and declared himself President in February 2002, resulting in violence breaking out between supporters of the two candidates.[1] A recount was held, after which Ravalomanana was awarded 51.46% of the votes, and in April the High Constitutional Court declared him the winner. Although Ratsiraka rejected the verdict, the United States recognised Ravalomanana as President in June, and the following month Ratsiraka fled to France.[1]

2001 Malagasy presidential election

← 1996 December 16, 2001 (2001-12-16) 2006 →
  Appl0405.loselesslycropped.jpg Didier Ratsiraka (cropped).jpeg
Nominee Marc Ravalomanana Didier Ratsiraka
Party Tiako I Madagasikara AREMA
Popular vote 1,945,242 1,701,094
Percentage 51.46% 40.61%

President before election

Didier Ratsiraka


Marc Ravalomanana
Tiako I Madagasikara


Candidate Party Votes % Recount %
Marc Ravalomanana Tiako I Madagasikara 1,945,242 46.44 51.46
Didier Ratsiraka AREMA 1,701,094 40.61 35.90
Albert Zafy Action, Truth, Development and Harmony 223,831 5.34 5.07
Herizo Razafimahaleo LEADER-Fanilo 178,972 4.27 4.00
Daniel Rajakoba Independent 74,304 1.77 2.01
Patrick Rajaonary Independent 65,571 1.57 1.55
Total 4,189,014 100 100
Source: EISA