The Lutheran Synod of Buffalo, founded in 1845 as the Synod of Lutheran Emigrants from Prussia (German: Synode der aus Preussen ausgewanderten lutherischen Kirche), was commonly known from early in its history as the Buffalo Synod. The synod resulted from the efforts of pastor J. A. A. Grabau and members of his congregation in Erfurt, along with other congregations, to escape the forced union of Lutheran and Reformed churches in Prussia by immigrating to New York City and Buffalo, New York, and to Milwaukee, Wisconsin, in 1839. Grabau and the largest group settled in Buffalo. Internal disputes regarding theology and practice led to a major schism in the 1880s, with the departing congregations joining other, existing synods, rather than forming their own. In 1930, the synod merged with the Ohio Synod and the Iowa Synod to form the first instance of the American Lutheran Church (ALC). The latter body, after further mergers, became part of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America in 1988.
|Lutheran Synod of Buffalo|
|Structure||National synod and local congregations|
|Region||Primarily in the U.S. states of New York and Wisconsin|
|Headquarters||Buffalo, New York|
|Founder||J. A. A. Grabau|
|Separated from||Prussian Union|
|Merged into||American Lutheran Church (1930)|
In 1929, just before its merger into the ALC, the Buffalo Synod had 45 pastors, 54 congregations, and 7,981 members.
- Lueker, Erwin L.; Poellot, Luther; Jackson, Paul, eds. (2000). "Buffalo Synod". Christian Cyclopedia (Online ed.). St. Louis: Concordia Publishing House. Retrieved August 8, 2015.
- Neve, J. L. (1916). A Brief History of the Lutheran Church in America (Second Revised and Enlarged ed.). Burlington, Iowa: The German Literary Board. p. 384. Retrieved October 25, 2015.
- Kriegbaum-Hanks, Susan: A Brief History of the Old Lutheran Immigrants and the Buffalo Synod: 1838 - 1867