Louis de Noailles

Louis de Noailles, 4th Duke of Noailles (21 April 1713 in Versailles – 22 August 1793 in Saint-Germain-en-Laye) was a French peer and Marshal of France. He was the son of Françoise Charlotte d'Aubigné, niece of Madame de Maintenon, and a nephew of Marie Victoire de Noailles, daughter-in-law of Louis XIV of France.

Louis de Noailles
Duke of Noailles
Louis de Noailles, Duke of Noailles (1713-793), Marshal of France, (École Française).jpg
Born(1713-04-21)21 April 1713
Versailles, France
Died22 August 1793(1793-08-22) (aged 80)
Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France
BuriedPicpus Cemetery, Paris
Noble familyNoailles
Spouse(s)Cathérine Françoise Charlotte de Cossé-Brissac
IssueJean, Duke of Noailles
Adrienne Catherine, Countess of Tessé
Emmanuel Marie Louis, Marqius of Noailles
Philippine Louise de Noailles
FatherAdrien Maurice, Duke of Noailles
MotherFrançoise Charlotte d'Aubigné


Louis bore the title of Duke of Ayen until his father's death in 1766 when he became Duke of Noailles.[1] On 25 February 1737 he married Cathérine Françoise Charlotte de Cossé-Brissac, with whom he had four children, two sons and two daughters: John Paul. Duke of Ayen, Adrienne Catherine de Noailles, Emmanuel de Noailles, and Philippine Louise de Noailles. He served in most of the wars of the eighteenth century without particular distinction, but was nevertheless made a Marshal of France in 1775. He refused to emigrate during the Revolution but escaped the guillotine by dying in August 1793.[1]

A highly realistic depiction of his wife, Catherine de Cossé-Brissac (1724–1794), 1764.[2]


The duke's widow, granddaughter, and daughter-in-law were guillotined on 22 July 1794, twenty-five days after his brother and sister, sister-in-law, their daughter-in-law, and niece had met the same fate. Another granddaughter, Adrienne, wife of Gilbert du Motier, marquis de La Fayette, was saved due to the efforts of James Monroe, then America's Minister to France.[3] Adrienne and her husband are buried with the Noailles and the other nobles who fell to the guillotine at Picpus Cemetery.

Louis de Noailles was succeeded by his eldest son, Jean de Noailles. The titles remain among the 4th Duke's descendants in the 21st century.


  •   This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainChisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Noailles s.v.". Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 19 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 723.

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French nobility
Preceded by Duke of Noailles
Succeeded by
Preceded by
New creation
Duke of Ayen
Succeeded by