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The Longanus (also Longanos or Loitanus) was a river in north-eastern Sicily on the Mylaean plain. As recorded by Polybius, it was where the Mamertines were drastically defeated by Hiero II of Syracuse in around 269 BC.[1] The small settlement of Longane was near it. The river was considered so important that it was represented as a God in coins.[2] Some archeologists identify it with the river that arises in the valley of Fondachelli-Fantina town called Patrì or Fantina.[3]

The huge bed of the Patrì river is a reason it is considered the true Longanus River[clarification needed]
This bronze kerykeion at the British Museum is the only object known that Longanus has given back apart the coin


  1. ^ Polybius. "History, 1.9.7". Perseus. Retrieved 2 July 2020.
  2. ^ http://www.timelineauctions.com/lot/longane-longanos-litra/58407/
  3. ^ https://www.academia.edu/10867669/A.L._Palazzo_Some_Observations_on_the_Road_Network_through_the_Peloritani_Region_North_East_Sicily_BAR_Int._Ser._2695_1_2015