List of United States senators in the 1st Congress

This is a complete list of members of the United States Senate during the 1st United States Congress listed by seniority, from March 4, 1789, to March 3, 1791.

The order of service is based on the commencement of the senator's first term, with senators entering service the same day ranked alphabetically. The Senate now assigns an official number to each senator, which is the second number given in the table.[1]

In this congress, James Gunn was the most senior junior senator and Theodore Foster was the most junior senior senator.

During this time, there were no official parties, but senators are labeled as Pro-Administration (P), and Anti-Administration (A).

Terms of serviceEdit

Class Terms of service of senators that will expire in years
Class 1 Terms of service of senators that will expire in 1791[2]
Class 2 Terms of service of senators that will expire in 1793[3]
Class 3 Terms of service of senators that will expire in 1795[4]

U.S. Senate seniority listEdit

Rank Historical
rank
Senator (party-state) Seniority date
1 1 Richard Bassett[3] (A-DE) March 4, 1789
2 2 Pierce Butler[3] (F-SC)
3 3 Charles Carroll[2] (F-MD)
4 4 Tristram Dalton[2] (F-MA)
5 5 Oliver Ellsworth[2] (F-CT)
6 6 Jonathan Elmer[2] (F-NJ)
7 7 William Few[3] (A-GA)
8 8 William Grayson[5] (A-VA)[2]
9 9 James Gunn[4] (A-GA)
10 10 John Henry[4] (F-MD)
11 11 Ralph Izard[4] (F-SC)
12 12 William Samuel Johnson[2] (F-CT)
13 13 John Langdon[4] (F-NH)
14 14 Richard Henry Lee[3] (A-VA)
15 15 William Maclay[3] (A-PA)
16 16 Robert Morris[4] (F-PA)
17 17 William Paterson[6] (F-NJ)[3]
18 18 George Read (F-DE)[2]
19 19 Caleb Strong[2] (F-MA)
20 20 Paine Wingate[3] (A-NH)
21 21 Rufus King[4] (F-NY) July 25, 1789
22 22 Philip John Schuyler[2] (F-NY)
23 23 Benjamin Hawkins[4] (F-NC) November 27, 1789
24 24 Samuel Johnston[3] (F-NC)
25 25 John Walker[7] (F-VA)[3] March 31, 1790
26 26 Theodore Foster[2] (F-RI) June 7, 1790
27 27 Joseph Stanton IV[3] (A-RI)
28 28 James Monroe[2] (A-VA) November 9, 1790
29 29 Philemon Dickinson[3] (F-NJ) November 23, 1790

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ A Chronological List of United States Senators 1789–Present, via www.Senate.gov
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Terms of service of senators that will expire in 1791.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Terms of service of senators that will expire in 1793.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h Terms of service of senators that will expire in 1795.
  5. ^ William Grayson died March 12, 1790.
  6. ^ William Paterson resigned November 13, 1790, to become Governor of New Jersey.
  7. ^ John Walker was appointed to replace William Grayson, until the state legislature elected a successor.

External linksEdit

  • "Senate seniority list" (PDF). United States Senate.
  • Senate Journal, First Forty-three Sessions of Congress
  • List of members of the 1st Congress