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List of heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago

This is a list of the heads of state of Trinidad and Tobago, from the independence of Trinidad and Tobago in 1962 to the present day.

From 1962 to 1976 the head of state under the Trinidad and Tobago Independence Act 1962 was the Queen of Trinidad and Tobago, Elizabeth II, who was also the Monarch of the United Kingdom and the other Commonwealth realms. The Queen was represented in Trinidad and Tobago by a Governor-General. Trinidad and Tobago became a republic under the Constitution of 1976 and the Monarch and Governor-General were replaced by a ceremonial President.

Monarch (1962–1976)Edit

The succession to the throne was the same as the succession to the British throne.

Portrait Reign Royal House Prime Minister
Reign start Reign end
1 Queen Elizabeth II
  31 August 1962 1 August 1976 Windsor Williams


The Governor-General was the representative of the Monarch in Trinidad and Tobago and exercised most of the powers of the Monarch. The Governor-General was appointed for an indefinite term, serving at the pleasure of the Monarch. After the passage of the Statute of Westminster 1931, the Governor-General was appointed solely on the advice of the Cabinet of Trinidad and Tobago without the involvement of the British government. In the event of a vacancy the Chief Justice served as Officer Administering the Government.

  Denotes Chief Justice acting as Officer Administering the Government
Portrait Tenure Prime Minister Monarch
Took office Left office
1 Sir Solomon Hochoy
31 August 1962 15 September 1972 Williams Elizabeth II
2 Sir Ellis Clarke
  15 September 1972 1 August 1976

President of Trinidad and TobagoEdit

Under the 1976 Constitution, the constitution of the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago, the President replaced the Monarch as ceremonial head of state. The President was elected by Parliament for a five-year term. In the event of a vacancy the President of the Senate served as Acting President.

Portrait Tenure Elected Prime Minister(s)
Took office Left office
1 Sir Ellis Clarke
  1 August 1976 24 September 1976 1976,
24 September 1976 19 March 1987
2 Noor Hassanali
  20 March 1987 17 March 1997 1987,
3 A. N. R. Robinson
  18 March 1997 16 March 2003 1997 Panday
4 George Maxwell Richards
  17 March 2003 18 March 2013 2003,
5 Anthony Carmona
  18 March 2013 19 March 2018 2013 Persad-Bissessar
6 Paula-Mae Weekes
  19 March 2018 Incumbent 2018 Rowley


Living former heads of stateEdit

There are two living former Trinidadian Heads of State:

Image Name Term/Reign Office Date of birth
  Elizabeth II 1962–1976 Queen of Trinidad and Tobago (1926-04-21) 21 April 1926 (age 93)
  Anthony Carmona 2013–2018 President of Trinidad and Tobago (1953-03-07) 7 March 1953 (age 66)


External linksEdit