List of chairmen of the KGB

  (Redirected from List of Chairmen of the KGB)

The Chairman of the KGB was the head of the Soviet KGB. He was assisted by one or two First Deputy Chairmen, and four to six Deputy Chairmen. He was also the head of the Collegium of the KGB— which consisted of the Chairman, deputy chairmen, Directorate Chiefs, and one or two republic-level KGB organization chairmen— who affected key policy decisions.

Chairman of the Committee for State Security
USSR, Flag KGB commander 1964.svg
Flag of the KGB commanders
ResidenceLubyanka Building
PrecursorNone
Formation30 December 1922
First holderFelix Dzerzhinsky
Final holderVadim Bakatin
Abolished22 October 1991

In 1934–1943 the Soviet State Security agency was part of People's Commissariat of Interior (NKVD) as Main Directorate of State Security (GUGB). Director of GUGB was the first deputy of People's Commissar of Interior.

ListEdit

No. Name
(birth–death)
Took office Left office Premier
1 Chairman of the Cheka (1917–1922)
Felix Dzerzhinsky
(1877–1926)
  20 December 1917 6 February 1922
Chairman of the GPUOGPU (1922, 1923–1934)
Felix Dzerzhinsky
(1877–1926)
  6 February 1922 20 July 1926
2 Vyacheslav Menzhinsky
(1874–1934)
  30 July 1926 10 May 1934
3 Main Directorate of State Security of People's Commissar for Internal Affairs (1934–1941)
Genrikh Yagoda
(1891–1936)
  10 July 1934 26 September 1936
4 Yakov Agranov
(1893–1938)
  29 December 1936 15 April 1937
5 Mikhail Frinovsky
(1898–1940)
  15 April 1937 28 March 1938
6 Lavrentiy Beriya
(1899–1953)
  29 September 1938 17 December 1938
7 Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1953)
  17 December 1938 3 February 1941
People's Commissar for State Security (1941)
Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1953)
  3 February 1941 20 July 1941
Main Directorate of State Security of People's Commissar for Internal Affairs (1941–1943)
Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1953)
  20 July 1941 14 April 1943
People's Commissar for State Security (1943–1946)
Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1953)
  14 April 1943 15 March 1946
Ministry of State Security (1946–1954)
Vsevolod Merkulov
(1895–1954)
  15 March 1946 18 March 1946
8 Viktor Abakumov
(1908–1954)
18 March 1946 1951
9 Semyon Ignatyev
(1904–1983)
1951 5 March 1953
5 Lavrentiy Beriya
(1899–1953)
  5 March 1953 26 June 1953
10 Sergei Kruglov
(1907–1977)
June 1953 13 March 1954
11 Chairman of the Committee for State Security (1954–1991)
Ivan Serov
(1905–1990)
  13 March 1954 8 December 1958
12 Alexander Shelepin
(1918–1994)
25 December 1958 13 November 1961
13 Vladimir Semichastny
(1924–2001)
  13 November 1961 18 May 1967
14 Yuri Andropov
(1914–1984)
  18 May 1967 26 May 1982
15 Vitaly Fedorchuk
(1918–2008)
26 May 1982 17 December 1982
16 Viktor Chebrikov
(1923–1999)
17 December 1982 1 October 1988
17 Vladimir Kryuchkov
(1924–2007)
  1 October 1988 22 August 1991
- Leonid Shebarshin (interim)
(1935–2012)
22 August 1991 23 August 1991
18 Vadim Bakatin
(born 1937)
  23 August 1991 22 October 1991

See alsoEdit

CitationsEdit

SourcesEdit

  • Christopher Andrew and Vasili Mitrokhin, The Mitrokhin Archive: The KGB in Europe and the West, Gardners Books (2000), ISBN 0-14-028487-7 Basic Books (1999), hardcover, ISBN 0-465-00310-9; trade paperback (September, 2000), ISBN 0-465-00312-5
  • John Barron, "KGB: The Secret Work of Soviet Secret Agents",Reader's Digest Press (1974), ISBN 0-88349-009-9
  • Vasili Mitrokhin and Christopher Andrew, The World Was Going Our Way: The KGB and the Battle for the Third World, Basic Books (2005) hardcover, 677 pages ISBN 0-465-00311-7

Further readingEdit

  • Yevgenia Albats and Catherine A. Fitzpatrick. The State Within a State: The KGB and Its Hold on Russia – Past, Present, and Future. Farrar Straus Giroux (1994) ISBN 0-374-52738-5.
  • John Barron. KGB: The Secret Works Of Soviet Secret Agents. Bantam Books (1981) ISBN 0-553-23275-4
  • Vadim J. Birstein. The Perversion Of Knowledge: The True Story of Soviet Science. Westview Press (2004) ISBN 0-8133-4280-5 (describes a secret KGB lab engaged in development and testing of poisons)
  • John Dziak, Chekisty: A History of the KGB, Lexington Books (1988) ISBN 978-0-669-10258-1
  • Sheymov, Victor (1993). Tower of Secrets. Naval Institute Press. pp. 420. ISBN 1-55750-764-3.
  • Бережков, Василий Иванович (2004). Руководители Ленинградского управления КГБ : 1954-1991. Санкт-Петербург: Выбор, 2004. ISBN 5-93518-035-9 (in Russian)

External linksEdit

Coordinates: 55°45′31″N 37°37′32″E / 55.7587°N 37.6256°E / 55.7587; 37.6256