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Léopold Szondi

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Léopold Szondi (Hungarian: Szondi Lipót [ˈsondi ˈlipoːt]; March 11, 1893 – January 24, 1986) was a Hungarian psychiatrist and psychoanalyst, psychopathologist and Professor of psychology.[1] Founder of the concept of fate analysis.[2] He is known for the psychological tool that bears his name, the Szondi test. The achievements of the scientist are: The Szondi test, Fate analysis and Fate psychology.

Léopold Szondi
Born 11 March 1893
Nitra, Austria-Hungary (now Slovakia)
Died 24 January 1986(1986-01-24) (aged 92)
Küsnacht, Switzerland
Occupation Psychiatrist
Children Péter Szondi


Szondi was born in city of Nyitra (in present-day Slovakia) and raised in a German and Slovak-speaking Jewish family. The original name of the family was Sonnenschein.[3] He was born as the twelfth child in his father's second marriage. The family moved to Budapest in 1898. His mother, who died very soon, was remembered by the family as an illiterate, unwholesome woman who had to be supervised by the elder siblings during her depressive periods. The father himself had a huge impact on Szondi, influencing his fate-analytical works to a great extent.[4] These are his own words about his father: „ My father was a Jewish shoemaker, who spent most of his time studying the Jewish Holy Scriptures, supposedly Talmudic and Hasidic ones. I was five when the family moved to Budapest, and my elder brothers and sisters had to provide for the family, while my father contributed as an assistant rabbi during the service on big Jewish feasts. In such an environment I was raised to be religious. I was eighteen when he died, right before graduation. I used to say the prayer called Kaddis every morning and evening due to Jewish customs in front of the communion for a whole year. This was the time when my ego had internalized my father. These deep patterns were the ones leading me in my academic works later on, even when I had already given up the dogmatic customs of the Jewish religion. I still remained a Jew, a devoted one. Hence the role of belief function supposedly has a strong connection with me being brought up in a religious manner."[5]

In June 1944, he was deported with his family to Bergen-Belsen concentration camp on the Kastner train. After 1700 American intellectuals paid a large ransom to Adolf Eichmann, Szondi, his family, and other prominent intellectuals were released to Switzerland in December 1944, where Szondi continued to live after the war.

See alsoEdit


  • Jacques Schotte, Szondi avec Freud. Sur la voie d'une psychiatrie pulsionnelle, Éditions De Boeck-Université, 1990.
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  3. ^ Dr. Enikő Gy. Kiss. "Fate-analysis - the life sketch of Lipót Szondi".University of Pécs,Department of Personality, Developmental and Clinical Psychology.
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  5. ^ Szondi, Leopold (1973): Schicksalsanalyse – eine Selbstdarstellung In: Psychoterapie in Selbstdarstellungen. Herausgeben von Prof. Dr. phil. Ludwig J. Pongratz, Bern, Verlag Hans Huber