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The Legislature of Burma was the legislative body of British Burma from 1936 to 1947. As an elected body, the Legislature of Burma was a bicameral legislature consisting of the 36-seat Senate and the 132-seat House of Representatives.[1]

Legislature of Burma
Type
Type
HousesSenate
House of Representatives
History
Founded1936 (1936)
Disbanded1947 (1947)
Preceded byLegislative Council of Burma
Succeeded byUnion Parliament
Seats168
36 (Senate)
132 (House of Representatives)
Elections
Last election
Burmese general election, 1936
Meeting place
Rangoon, British Burma

EstablishmentEdit

The Government of Burma Act 1935 separated Burma from British India as of 1 April 1937,[2] and created a 36-seat Senate and a 132-seat House of Representatives.[3]

Notable legislationEdit

In 1938, the Legislature of Burma attempted to remedy the dispossession of rural Burmese farmers who were displaced by Indians, in particular, the Chettiars, by passing the Tenancy Act, Land Purchase Act, and Land Alienation Act.[4] The Tenancy Act intended to safeguard tenants from eviction and to fix fair rents, while the Land Purchase Act allowed the government to purchase large swathes of land owned by non-agriculturalists to be resold on a tenancy basis to genuine farmers.[4] In 1938, the Legislature passed into law the progressive University Act.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Government of Burma Act, 1935" (PDF). Government of Burma. King’s Printer of Acts of Parliament. 1935. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  2. ^ "The New Constitution: Separation from India", The Times, 20 April 1937, p36, Issue 47663
  3. ^ "Legislature and Electors Burma at the Polls", The Times, 20 April 1937, p37, Issue 47663
  4. ^ a b "Economic Rehabilitation in Burma" (PDF). Current Intelligence Study Number 23. Central Intelligence Agency. 1 June 1945. Retrieved 7 July 2015.
  5. ^ Silverstein, Josef (1993). The Political Legacy of Aung San. SEAP Publications. p. 9780877271284.